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The Birth of Jesus Christ

God's first reference to the Christ was made in Genesis chapter 3:

Genesis 3:15 (KJV):
And I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed; it shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise his heel.

While God was still speaking to the devil, God made it known that He (God Himself) will put enmity (opposition, hostility)...

  • between the devil
    • and the woman;
  • and between the devil's seed
    • and the woman's seed;
  • and the seed of the woman (not the woman herself but the seed) will bruise the devil's head (destroy him permanently),
    • and the devil will bruise his heel (hurt him temporarily).

When God referred to "her seed," the seed of the woman - He was speaking about the coming Christ, the Messiah, the savior, who was to be born of a woman (Mary) but Joseph was not his father. Mary conceived when the Holy Spirit (Who is the only true God Himself) overshadowed her (Luke 1:26-38), and about nine months afterwards she gave birth to Jesus, the son of God, and this Jesus is now both Lord and Christ (Acts 2:36).

Throughout the old covenant writings, there are many verses of Scripture referring to the promised seed, the redeemer, the Christ. The Book of Matthew contains many details surrounding his birth:

Matthew 1:18-21:
.18But the genesis of Jesus Christ was thus: (after) his mother Mary had been betrothed to Joseph, before them coming-together, she was found having in (her) womb from Holy Spirit.
.19But Joseph, her husband being righteous and not intending to point her out, was deliberately-determined to loosen her unnoticeably from (him), .20but (after) his being caused-to-think these-things within - look!, an angel of (the) Lord was brought-to-light according to a dream to him saying, "Joseph, son of David, let you not be caused-fear to take Mary your wife beside (yourself), for the-thing having been begotten in her is from Holy Spirit. .21She will bring-forth a son and you will call his name Jesus, for he will save his people from their sins."

Mary had already been betrothed to Joseph. In that time and culture, this means that they were already husband and wife but the scheduled time for them to consummate their marriage had not arrived yet. However, it was found out that Mary was pregnant before Joseph had sexual intercourse with her.

Verse 18 tells the reader exactly where the seed came from - it came from Holy Spirit, referring to God Who is Holy Spirit.

The fact of Mary being pregnant before the consummation of their marriage indicated to Joseph that Mary had had sex with another man, for this was the usual way that any woman could get pregnant at that time. Joseph was a righteous (just) man and therefore he wanted to continue doing what the Law of Moses (God's Word at that time to God's people) commanded in a situation like this, which was that he would have to put-away an adulterous wife from him (refer to Deuteronomy 24:1).

Joseph did not want to point her out making her an example (in the sense of causing her to be a public spectacle, a public disgrace) and so he purposefully willed to release her from him unnoticeably (secretly so that others would not notice what happened). If others were convinced that Mary was an adulteress they may have stoned her to death for breaking the law (refer to Deuteronomy 22:22).

However, after Joseph had revolved these things in his mind – look! (behold, see – in the sense of calling attention), an angel of the Lord (referring to God) became evident by shining light via a dream to Joseph, saying:

  • Joseph, son of David (stating the truth that he was a descendant of King David),
    • don't be afraid to take Mary your wife beside you,
  • for the-thing that is already begotten in her is from Holy Spirit (Who is God).
  • She will give birth to a son and you will call his name "Jesus" (the future tense was used by the angel in this command because Joseph was to obey it at a future time; this does not mean that the angel would force him).
  • In truth, emphatically he (himself, none other) will save his people from their sins (he is the one who will cause those people who belong to him to be made safe away-from their aberrations from God's Word, from missing the mark of what God says).

The word "Jesus" means "God saves / Jehovah (Yahweh) the Savior," and the Lord Jesus Christ was given that name "Jesus" because he is the one who carried-out God's will to make it available for people to be saved. It is by means of Jesus, the Christ, that people are able to be saved and thus have a true and vital spiritual relationship with the only true God (refer also to Luke 1:31-35, 2:4; Acts 4:10-12, 13:22 and 23).

Verses 22-25:
.22But this whole-thing came-to-pass2 in order that the-thing may be fulfilled having been said by (the) Lord by means of the prophet saying, .23"Look!, the virgin will have in (her) womb, and she will bring-forth a son, and they will call his name Emmanuel," which is being translated 'God with us'. .24But Joseph, having been raised-up from sleep, did as the angel of (the) Lord arranged towards him and he took his wife beside (himself), .25and he used-to not know her until where she brought-forth a son, and he called his name Jesus.

This entire occurrence happened for the purpose and result that the matter which had been spoken by the Lord God by means of the prophet would be fulfilled (accomplished). The Prophet Isaiah spoke the words that God have him to speak regarding something still future to Isaiah (refer to Isaiah 7:14, 8:8 and 10):

  • Look! –
  • the virgin will be pregnant,
  • and she will give birth to a son,
  • and they will call his name "Emmanuel" (God with us).

When Joseph woke-up from sleep, he did as the angel arranged with him and he took his wife beside him - and he did not know her (sexually) until after she gave birth to a son. Joseph continued to do what the angel told him to do and so he called this son's name Jesus (refer also to Luke 2:21).

God's Word specifically notes that Joseph was not the father of this son. It was only after Jesus' birth that Joseph caused Mary to become pregnant and they had their own children (refer to Matthew 12:46, 13:55 and 56).

Matthew 2:1 and 2:
2:1(After) Jesus having been born in Bethlehem of Judea in (the) days of Herod the king - look!, magi from (the) risings arrived into Jerusalem .2saying, "Where is the king of the Judeans having been brought-forth, for we saw his star in the rising and came to worship him?"

During the time of King Herod's reign, magi came from the direction of the rising of light, which is from the east, to be in Jerusalem.

"Magi" were men knowledgeable and wise in either true astronomy or false enchantment from Media, Persia or Babylonia. Here in Matthew, these magi were the truly knowledgeable and wise men who studied the stars, constellations, etc, in connection with what the only true God has proclaimed and written in the heavens regarding the coming of the Lord Jesus Christ and future glory.

When these magi arrived, they were saying:

  • Where is the king of the Judeans who was born,
  • for we perceived his star in the rising
    • and came to pay homage to him?

"His star" refers to Jupiter. During that time-period, both planets and stars were referred to by the same word.

  • Jupiter (the planet of the king and of righteousness) was in conjunction
    • in the constellation of Leo (the sign associated with the tribe of Judah)
      • twice with Venus (associated with the Messiah called the bright and morning star),
      • and three times with the star Regulus (the brightest and king star within the constellation Leo),
  • and then Jupiter massed with Venus, Regulus, Mars and Mercury.

Certain scholars indicate that these signs occurred during the years 3 B.C and 2 B.C. Jesus Christ was born on Tishri 1st (perhaps September 11 in our calendar), 3 B.C, during the first conjunction of Jupiter and Regulus in Leo.

The magi took notice of these occurrences in the eastern sky while they were in their homeland and realized what had happened. Therefore they began their journey westwards and arrived in Jerusalem in December 2 B.C. The magi expected the people living in Jerusalem to know the details of what had happened!

Verses 3-6:
.3But having heard, King Herod was disturbed and all Jerusalem with him, .4and having gathered-together all the chief-priests and scribes of the people he was asking-to-learn from them where the Christ is born. .5But the (chief-priests and scribes) said to him, "In Bethlehem of Judea, for thus it was written2 by means of the prophet: .6'And you Bethlehem' land of Judah certainly-not 'you are least among the leaders of Judah, for there will come-out from you (one) leading, he-who will shepherd My people Israel.'"

When King Herod heard what the magi were saying in Jerusalem, he was agitated and so were all those with him. So, he assembled all the...

  • chief-priests (this refers to the high priest plus the other priests who were members of the Sanhedrin which was Israel's ruling religious council)
  • and scribes (writers, those who copied and claimed to interpret what was written in the scrolls)

...of the Judean/Israeli people. Then he was continually asking to find out information from these religious-leaders, who were supposed to be wise in the Scriptures, until he got an answer. The question: Where is the Christ born?

When the chief-priests and scribes came up with the answer, they said to him:

  • In Bethlehem of Judea,
  • for in this manner it is written by means of the prophet:
    • and you, Bethlehem land of Judah
      • certainly-not (by no means) you are least (smallest in magnitude or number) among the leaders of Judah,
    • for there will come-out from you
      • one who is leading who will shepherd My people Israel (he will take-care of and protect, he will exercise the whole office of a shepherd, which involves not only feeding the flock with food but also the leading and guiding and guarding, etc)."

They gave Herod a reference to Micah 5:2.

Verses 7 and 8:
.7Then Herod, unnoticeably having called the magi, asked-to-know-accurately from them the time of the star being brought-to-light, .8and having sent them into Bethlehem he said, "Having journeyed, you must examine accurately concerning the young-child, but upon-ever you may find (him) you must announce to me so-that I also having gone may worship him."

After Herod had heard what the chief-priests and scribes told him, then he invited the magi to him again - but he did this secretly by stealth so others would not notice what he was doing. He inquired to learn precisely from them the chronological time that the star they referred to earlier to him had become evident. Herod wanted to know when the child was born so he would know how old the child was.

He then sent them into Bethlehem and told them:

  • after you have passed from here to there,
  • you must search out and verify precisely about the young child,
    • but at whatever time you should find him you must relate it to me
    • so that I also would pay homage to him after I go there.

We should note that after Herod had heard the answer from the magi as to when they had seen the star and therefore knew how old the child was - he did not call Jesus a "baby" nor an "infant" but a young child.

Also, verses 13 and 16 below will tell us what Herod's real motives and intentions were for his diligent inquiries.

Verses 9-12:
.9The (magi) having heard the king journeyed and look!, the star which they saw in the rising was leading them forth until, having come, it was caused-to-stand over where the young-child used-to be, .10and having seen the star they vehemently joyed great joy,
.11and having gone into the house they saw the young-child with Mary his mother, and having fallen they worshipped him, and having opened their treasures they offered to him free-gifts: gold and frankincense and myrrh;
.12and having been instructed-with-business according to a dream not to bend-upwards towards Herod, they departed by means of another way into their country.

After hearing the king, the magi continued their journey and – look! – the star (Jupiter) which they had previously perceived in their own country was again visible in the eastern sky. It was traveling (moving) when seen from where they were, and it was leading them (going before them, in front of them) until it came to a certain point and then it was caused to stand (it reached its highest level) up-above where the young child was living at that time.

When the magi perceived the star they rejoiced to a great extent with a large amount of joy.

Then the magi went into the house. By this time it was over one year and three months after Jesus' birth, and Joseph, Mary, and Jesus lived in a house - they were not still living in the stable where Jesus was born.

The magi saw the young child with Mary his mother, and they fell to the ground kneeling and paying homage to Jesus. They opened the treasures which they had brought with them for the king and the Christ - these free-gifts consisted of: gold and frankincense and myrrh (valuable quality items produced in the east where these men came from). As a result of receiving these valuable gifts, there would have been plenty to provide Jesus with appropriate housing, clothing, education, etc, as he was growing into manhood.

After the magi had given these free-gifts to Jesus, they were told what to do regarding this affair via a dream which God communicated to them - they were instructed NOT to travel back towards Herod. So, they departed by another way into their country.

Verses 13-15:
.13But (after) their departing, look!, an angel of (the) Lord is brought-to-light according to a dream to Joseph saying, "Having been raised-up, you must take the young-child and his mother beside (yourself) and flee into Egypt, and you must be there until ever I may say to you, for Herod is about to seek-after the young-child to destroy him."
.14Having been raised-up, he took the young-child beside (himself) and his mother of night and departed into Egypt; .15and he used-to-be there until the completion of Herod, in order that the-thing may be fulfilled having been said by (the) Lord by means of the prophet saying, "Out-from Egypt I called My son."

After the magi went on their way home – look! – an angel of the Lord became evident by shining light via a dream to Joseph saying:

  • When you wake and arise
    • you must take the young child and his mother beside yourself
    • and put yourself in flight into Egypt,
      • and you must be there until whenever I would tell you otherwise,
  • for the fact is that Herod is on the point of looking for the young child
    • for the purpose of destroying (killing) him.

When Joseph woke-up, he and Mary and Jesus departed under cover of night into Egypt. They stayed in Egypt for a period of about three months, until the end of Herod's life. Certain scholars indicate that Herod died early 1 B.C.

The ending result of this was that what God spoke by means of the prophet and recorded in Hosea 11:1 was fulfilled (accomplished):

  • Out from Egypt I called (invited)
    • My son.
Verses 16-18:
.16Then Herod having seen that he was derided by the magi was very raged, and having apostled he eliminated all the children, the (children) in Bethlehem and in all her boundaries, from two-years and lower-down according to the time which he asked-to-know-accurately from the magi.
.17Then the-thing was fulfilled having been said by means of Jeremiah the prophet saying, .18"A sound was heard in Rama, crying and wailing much, Rachel crying-for her children and used-to not intend to be encouraged because they are not."

When Herod had perceived that he had been derided by the magi - because they did not go back and give him more information as he had told them to do - he became enraged.

Then he apostled (sent forth) his soldiers and killed all the children two years old and younger who were in Bethlehem, and its boundaries in case this king of the Judeans who was also the Christ may be living in a house on the outskirts of the town.

Herod knew that the young child whom he wanted to kill was definitely not older than two years by this time. He was trying to make sure that he would kill him and told his solders to eliminate all the children from two years old and younger. He had previously received this information from the magi when he asked them what time the star had been brought to light, and they gave him accurate details indicating the time of the birth of the young child, the king of the Judeans and the Christ.

When Herod did this, then the matter which had been spoken by God by means of Jeremiah the prophet was fulfilled (accomplished), saying:

  • A sound (voice) was heard in Rama,
    • crying (weeping, shedding tears, expressing grief, mourning)
    • and a lot of wailing (deep lamentation),
  • Rachel crying for her children
    • and she was not willing to be exhorted because her children were dead.

This is a reference to what is recorded in Jeremiah 31:15.

Verses 19-23:
.19But (after) Herod having completed (his life), look!, an angel of (the) Lord is brought-to-light according to a dream to Joseph in Egypt .20saying, "Having been raised-up you must take the young-child and his mother beside (yourself) and journey into (the) land of Israel, for the (people) seeking-after the soul of the young-child have died2."
.21Having been raised-up he took the young-child and his mother beside (himself) and went into (the) land of Israel, .22but having heard that Archelaus reigns-as-king of Judea in-the-place of his father Herod he was caused-fear to go-away there. But having been instructed-with-business according to a dream he departed into the parts of Galilee, .23and having come he dwelt-down into (the) city being said (as) Nazareth, so-that the-thing may be fulfilled having been said by means of the prophets that he will be called Nazarene.

After Herod's death – look! – an angel of the Lord became evident by shining light via a dream to Joseph while he was living in Egypt. The angel said to him:

  • When you wake up
    • you must receive the young-child and his mother beside yourself
    • and you must pass from here into the land of Israel;
  • in truth, the people who wanted to kill him are now dead.

Therefore when Joseph woke-up, he took the young child and his mother (Mary) and they went into the land of Israel.

The angel had not specified to Joseph which part of Israel to go into and dwell. When Joseph arrived he heard that Archelaus now reigned as king in/over the area of Judea (including Samaria which is just north of Judea) instead of his father Herod - and so Joseph was afraid to go back into the area of Judea where Bethlehem was (the town where Jesus was born).

However, God's Word tells us that Joseph was given instructions as to what to do (how to carry out his business, his affairs in this situation) via a dream. Therefore he went into the area of Galilee - which is where he came from before the time that he and Mary had to travel to Bethlehem for the census.

When Joseph arrived in Galilee, the family settled in the town called Nazareth. It was in this manner that what God spoke by means of the prophets, and recorded in many of the old covenant writings, was fulfilled (accomplished):

  • He (the Christ, Messiah, savior, redeemer)
    • will be called
      • Nazarene.

We should notice how Joseph and the magi believed and obeyed what the angel told them – they did not say, "Oh, I've got a better idea"! Also, the reader is continually shown that what happened brought to pass what was prophesied (spoken and/or written) by God's prophets throughout the ages from Genesis 3:15 onwards.

Next - let us look at some verses of Scripture from the new covenant writings regarding the birth of Jesus Christ, his life prior to his death, and his life after his resurrection.

These records reaffirm that between Jesus' birth and his death - he was a living human-being.

Hebrews 2:14 and 15:
.14therefore since the young-children shared-in-common2 of blood and flesh, also he being-near-beside shared of the same-things in order that by means of death he may render-ineffective the (one) having the strongness of death, that is the devil, .15and he may remove these-people from (it), as-many-as with fear of death through all of life used-to-be liable of slavery;

In Hebrews chapter 2, Paul writes that:

  • since it is a fact that the young children (referring to the people who have already become holy-people, Christians)
    • share in common of (partake of what are common to all, which are)
      • blood and flesh (the blood refers to soul-life evidenced by breathing, and flesh refers to physical bodies),
  • also emphatically he (Jesus)
    • in a similar way shared of the same-things (partook with them once during a past time of the same things that were common to all – the objects that he shared-of were blood and flesh)
  • for the purpose and result that through death (Jesus experienced death)
    • he (Jesus) would cause to be inactive (inoperative, useless)
      • the one holding the exerted-force of death (death's power in effect, bringing death to mankind; death is lack of the only true God’s life)
      • – what one had the strongness of death at that time? –
      • that one is the devil,
    • and he (Jesus) would move these people away from death (take them away from death and place them into God’s life instead),
      • specifically as many people as were afraid of death while living their lives
      • and were continuing during that past time to be held-in by (made subject to) slavery - which was the consequence of living with fear of death.
Romans 1:1-4:
1:1Paul, a slave of Christ Jesus, called, an apostle, having been separated2 into God's good-message, .2which He promised-beforehand by means of His prophets in holy writings, .3concerning His son – the (son) having come-into-being out-from (the) seed of David according to (the) flesh, .4the (son) having been marked-out-definitely (as being) God's son in ability according to (the) spirit of holiness out-from (the) resurrection of dead-people – Jesus Christ our Lord,

God’s good-message is about His son who is Jesus Christ. The prophets who lived during the old covenant times had spoken and written by revelation from God concerning him.

In verses 3 and 4 we have a short summary to let us know exactly who God's son is by name and title (position, qualification).

Jesus Christ our Lord is:

  1. the (son) having come-into-being
    • out-from (the) seed of David
      • according to (the) flesh, and
  1. the (son) having been marked-out-definitely (as being) God's son in ability
      • according to (the) spirit of holiness
    • out-from (the) resurrection of dead-people.

Looking at these verses a little closer we can learn regarding Jesus' birth according to the flesh and also regarding his birth in relation to who he is now after his resurrection.


Jesus Christ came into being (he was born)…

  • originating from King David’s seed (his offspring, posterity)
    • in accordance with the flesh.

Matthew chapter 1 (verses 1-17) provides information about Jesus Christ's earthly "family tree." It shows his regal (royal, kingly) lineage - being heir to the throne of King David via Solomon. Therefore he is heir to David’s throne, and king having dominion over the earth and those who live on it.

There is another "family tree" regarding the Lord Jesus Christ recorded in Luke chapter 3 - it shows his legal and human (manly) genealogy. This ancestry goes back to a different son of King David, named Nathan who did not become a king. The scriptures show us that Jesus Christ's genealogy goes back to the first man, Adam, whom God originally created.

Jesus, the Christ, was therefore heir to the throne of King David plus heir to all that the first man, Adam, was to have, which included dominion over the earth, etc.


Jesus Christ was marked-out definitely that he is the son of God within the sphere of action of ability (able power, capability)…

  • in accordance with the spirit of holiness
    • originating from resurrection of dead-people.

Jesus Christ was dead but now he is alive. Today, the spirit of holiness is the spiritual essence of the resurrected Christ Jesus. He has received his spiritual body (refer to Acts 26:23; I Corinthians chapter 15; Colossians 1:18). God his Father caused him to rise up alive out from the rest of the dead people who remain dead until their resurrection.

The resurrected Christ, the Lord Jesus, was marked out as THE SON OF GOD when God raised him up from among the dead-people. God gave His stamp of approval to everything Jesus Christ our Lord was and is today being the resurrected Christ with his spiritual body, having the spirit of holiness. 

In Galatians chapter 4, Paul provides additional insight regarding God's son, the Lord Jesus Christ.

Galatians 4:4-6:
.4but when the fullness of the time came God apostled-out His son, having come-into-being from a woman, having come-into-being under law .5in order that he may redeem the (people) under law, in order that we may receive the sonship; .6but (since it is true) that you are sons (it is true that) God apostled-out His spirit into our hearts shouting, "Abba, Father."

When the fulfillment of chronological time arrived, God apostled-out His son. He sent forth His son on a specific mission or assignment. How?

1.     God's son came into being - from a woman (referring to the truth that Mary gave birth to him just the same as every other baby is naturally born in the flesh category); and
2.     God's son came into being - legally subject or in submission to the law of Moses because he was born when that law was still in force.

Why did God's son come into being from a woman and under law?

A.    For the purpose and result that he would redeem (fully buy, as a person buys in a market-place and pays the correct price of the item, purchase)...
    - the people legally subject or in submission to law;
B.    for the purpose and result that we would receive (take away from the one giving, receive in-full)...
    - the sonship (the same sonship that the Lord Jesus Christ has now in the spirit category).

Since it is true that all holy-people (Christians) are sons of God - then it is also true that...

  • God has already apostled-out His spirit (He sent forth His gift of holy spirit from Himself by means of the Lord Jesus Christ on a specific mission or assignment)
    • into our hearts (the center of our beings),
  • and this holy spirit-life is shouting (crying-out),
    • "Abba, Father" (the word "Abba" is an Aramaic word meaning "Father").

The purposed day came - and we now have the result of all that was accomplished by God and the Lord Jesus Christ. All holy-people (those who have received the gift of holy spirit - true Christians) have the spirit of Christ in us. It is within the sphere of action of our holy spirit-life that we have the authority and able-power of the resurrected Christ.

Let us read two verses from Romans chapter 8 where Paul also wrote regarding this:

Romans 8:14 and 15:
.14for as-many-as are led by (the) spirit of God these-people are sons of God; .15for you did not receive a spirit of slavery again into fear, but you received a spirit of sonship - in which we shout, "Abba, Father."

It is by means of the spirit of Christ within all holy-people that we are sons of God. God is our Father in the spirit category (not in the fleshy realm).

Hebrews 1:5 and 6:
.5For to which of the angels did He say at-some-time, “You are My son, I have begotten2 you today” and again “I will be to him for a Father, and he will be to Me for a son”? .6But again whenever He may lead the firstborn into the inhabited-area He says, “And all angels of God must worship him.”

To which one of the angels did God say at any time:

  • Emphatically you are My son,
    • and emphatically I have given birth to you today?

This is a reference to what is written in Psalm 2:7 which is a prophecy of God speaking to Jesus on the day of his resurrection.

God has begotten the resurrected Jesus and this truth will not change – he is God's son. Jesus Christ is the first human-being who completely-died and whom God has completely-resurrected never to die again! The Lord Jesus Christ is the first of mankind brought forth in his new spiritual body out-from the rest of the dead-people.

In addition:

  • Emphatically I will be his Father,
    • and emphatically he will be My son.

There is no answer written down to this two-part question in verse 5 - because the answer should be known and obvious to all who read and/or hear what the prophets, including Jesus, spoke. God did not at any time say these words to/regarding any one of the angels.

In fact, verse 6 says that at whatever time God would lead the firstborn into the dwelled-in part of the world (when Christ will come again on earth):

  • All the angels of God (every one of God’s angels)
    • must worship him (pay homage to him, be obeisant towards him).

The word translated "firstborn" means that God’s son (the resurrected Christ) is the first one born, the first one given birth to - indicating that at least one more is (or will-be) born after this first one. This word emphasizes birth.

Romans 8:29:
.29because whom He knew-beforehand He also marked-out-definitely-beforehand (to be) people-formed-together with the image of His son with-a-view-for him to be firstborn among many brothers,

Since the time that God put His plan of redemption and salvation via the Christ in motion (refer to Genesis 3:15-24) - He knew all the holy-people collectively (all Christians together, not individually). He knew what? God had a truly active and relative knowing in advance regarding all that He would make available to/for those who would receive the gift of holy spirit, which is the spirit of Christ within us.

Whom God knew beforehand...

  • He also marked out beforehand (He set the boundary regarding us in-advance or ahead-of it actually occurring)
    • to be people who are formed together (jointly formed) with
      • the image of His son (the icon, resemblance, representation of God's son who is the Lord Jesus Christ)
    • for the purpose of God's son being
      • firstborn among many brothers (the first one born or given-birth-to among a lot of other brothers).

All holy-people are brothers of one-another in the spirit category - including the Lord Jesus Christ who is the firstborn.

Colossians 1:15:
.15who is (the) image of God the unseen, firstborn of all creation

In Colossians chapter 1, Paul writes regarding the son of God's love, the resurrected Christ Jesus, and about all that he now has as a result of God raising him up, and placing him in the position of being God's second-in-command, and giving him the responsibility of being ruler of the kingdom during the present time.

The Lord Jesus Christ is...

  • the image of God (the icon, resemblance, representation of God)
    • emphatically the unseen God
      • (God is what? Unseen. God Himself is not perceived with the eyes of mankind so as to understand Him in the mind's thoughts as a result of physical sight. God is unseen. He is not perceived with the eyes of man, not even for an instant! God Who is Holy Spirit cannot be seen – but the Lord Jesus Christ has been seen and will be seen with the physical eyes!)
  • and Christ is the firstborn of all creation (the first one born, begotten, brought-forth relative-to all creation).

Even though God is the One Who provided the seed so that Jesus Christ could be born in the physical and fleshy realm and thus Jesus was able to carry-out all that was necessary for the complete redemption of mankind, etc - this statement of Christ being "firstborn of all creation" refers to when God raised him up alive from being dead and giving him his new spiritual body having God's life (holy spirit life) permanently. It was in this manner that the resurrected Christ became God's firstborn son within God's kingdom, which God has now placed under Christ's rulership.

Christ is the firstborn of all creation. There have been others since the day of Pentecost who became born (holy-people have received the gift of holy spirit thereby becoming children of God) and there will be others born of all creation (all who will be resurrected to eternal life receiving spiritual bodies) - but there can only be one firstborn.

There are additional details regarding who Jesus Christ is today in Revelation chapter 1:

Revelation 1:5:
.5and from Jesus Christ the witness, the believer, the firstborn of dead-people, and the ruler of the kings of the earth.

Jesus Christ is...

  • the witness (the one who bears witness, attests to the information and knowledge that he has regarding a certain thing, and he can therefore confirm it by giving information bringing it to light on the strength of the authority that he has),
  • the believer (the one who is faithful, who believes what God says, who has faith-in, has confidence-in, trusts the information that God makes known),
  • the firstborn of dead-people (the first one born, begotten, given-birth-to, brought-forth relative-to those who are dead; Jesus Christ is the first and only human-being at this point in time whom God has made-alive by giving him his spiritual body, and the resurrected Christ will never die),
  • and the ruler of the kings of the earth (the one being chief, who is in a dignified hierarchical or first-placed position relative-to those who reign as kings ruling certain portions of the earth/land).

Philippians chapter 2 also provides details regarding the birth of Jesus Christ, his life prior to his death, and his life after his resurrection.

Philippians 2:5-11:
.5for you must think this in you which (is) also in Christ Jesus, .6who being-from-the-beginning in (the) form of God did not lead (his mind to regard it as his) catch to be equals with God, .7but he emptied himself, having taken (the) form of a slave, having become in (the) likeness of man, and having been found with (the) outward-figure as man, .8he humbled himself, having become obedient up-until death, even death of (the) cross;
.9on-which-account God also super-heightened him and graced to him the name, the (name which is) over every name, .10in order that in the name of Jesus every knee of heavenly and of earthly and of underground (beings) may bend, .11and every tongue may expressly-agree that (the) Lord (is) Jesus Christ into (the) glory of God (the) Father.

All holy-people should think as Christ Jesus while we are interacting with each  other. Verses 6(b)-8 is an explanation of his thinking, how he behaved himself according to God's will towards God, mankind, and everything else - when he was physically living on earth before his death.

Christ Jesus originated and continues being in the form of God. God fashioned him, made his whole shape, his being - he did not come into existence all by himself. His make-up, everything including his authority, his ability, all the power at his disposal to work-with and use - were given to him by God his Father.

Christ Jesus...

  • did not take the initiative (cause it to be in his mind)
  • to view it
    • as being his catch (as an object of seizure for him to carry off for his own purposes, something to be snatched and taken suddenly away by force as his booty, plunder, spoil, pillage, his reward for victory in war)
  • - view what as his catch? -
    • to be totally equal with God (to have equal things, to be equally proportioned, to have equality in measure, quantity, quality, amount, number, etc - with God his Father),
      • [Christ did not and still does not regard that to be equals with God is something to be taken by him as booty, as though he were identical in value and in relation to/with God, as though he were the same entity, as though he also was a god and could take God's place! This, of course, is what the first man, Adam, grasped at attaining when he listened and believed and obeyed the lie of satan (the devil). Satan continues trying to do this by using many different strategies - however, he will continue to fail.]
  • but contrary to thinking that way,
  • he made himself to become empty of contents (void) of his self interests, etc (he decided to do what God said and not to misuse and abuse all that God had made him to be and gave to him at that time),
    • having taken a slave's form (he received to himself the form or fashion of a person bound to serve his Master God during the everyday living of his life; this duty or function of a slave which Jesus Christ took was in contrast to leading his mind to regarding it as his catch to be equals with God; the form of a slave was not a high-up and lofty position),
    • having come to pass to be in the similarity of mankind (as the descendants of Adam, the first man, including the effects of his life),
    • and having been found with the external figure (outward shape) as mankind in the physical and flesh category,
  • he brought himself to lowliness (caused himself to be in a position of humbleness with respect to what God says),
    • having caused himself to become
      • obedient (to hear, listen attentively to God's Word and carry-out what God said to do, which includes believing what He says in order to do it correctly)
    • for the limited time-period and to the degree of ending with his death,
      • emphatically death relative-to the cross (which was a death designated for criminals).

God's son, Jesus Christ, became in the likeness of man and was with the outward-figure as man, not a fish, or a cow, or a bird - not even in the likeness and outward-figure of any kind of angel or other spirit-being during that time-period! Jesus Christ was only able to redeem mankind and do all that God wanted him to do at that time because he was a man just the same as any other man (mankind).

God supplied the promised seed of Genesis 3:15 and Jesus Christ was born of a woman, Mary. After Jesus Christ's birth, he learned and believed what God said about him. He came to know what was involved...

  • by means of God's Word - which had previously been revealed to and written-down by the old covenant prophets,
  • and by means of God's Word - by revelation directly to Jesus Christ at that time via the holy spirit-life which God gave to him after he had been baptized by John.

Jesus Christ knew and believed that he was all that God made him to be - being God's son. He was not born with a fully-developed brain quoting scriptures! He was not "automatically" obedient to God Who was and is his Father, nor was he "programmed" into listening attentively and carrying out exactly what God told him. Jesus Christ learned all about himself and how to obey God as a growing boy from his mother, Mary, and from Joseph, and from teachers, becoming highly educated, and when he reached maturity he was strongly living in obedience to God's Word concerning his life.

Jesus Christ did not reject what God gave to/for him – he accepted and walked in all the fullness of what God made him to be as he obeyed his Father, carrying-out God's will in all that God asked of him.

Paul points out in this letter to the Philippian holy-people that Jesus Christ's obedience went all the way up-until his death, and not a death resulting from old age, but the shameful death by being hung on a cross, which was an upright stake (a dead tree post) stuck into the ground, and he was nailed onto it to keep him there until he died. Jesus Christ most certainly emptied himself and humbled himself having become obedient to the words of God, his Father, in carrying-out all that was necessary for complete redemption and salvation.

It was on account of all that Jesus Christ did for and with God, as described in verses 6-8, that God emphatically...

  • lifted him high above (exalted or elevated him over and beyond - God brought him into a higher position than previously attained by any other being relative-to God Himself),
  • and with unmerited or undeserved favor God bestowed to him the name,
    • emphatically and specifically the name which is over every name,

…for the purpose and result that within the sphere of action of the name of Jesus…

  1. every knee (all, every one of them)…
(a)    of heavenly beings which belong or pertain to the heavenly realm (all spirits which are alive above the earth), and
(b)    of earthly beings which belong or pertain to the earthly realm (all who/which are alive on earth), and
(c)     of underground beings which belong or pertain to the underground realm (all who are dead at the present time but will be raised up by Christ in the future),

…may bend (would definitely curve – this is a figure referring to every living-being paying homage and being in submission to the name of Jesus, except God his Father; refer to I Corinthians 15:20-28), and...

  1. every tongue (all or every one of them, everyone speaking in whatever language)...

...may be in full agreement (completely agree) that...

  • the Lord is Jesus Christ (the Master is Jesus who is Christ – his name now is Lord Jesus Christ)
    • into the glory of God the Father (with a view to, directed-to, and resulting-in importance, splendor and renown being given to God Who is the Father).