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Judgments and Rewards

This article covers many aspects of judgments and rewards referenced in the Bible. The translation and studies provided below are taken from the True Bible Study (TBS) series of books.

Romans chapter 2 - includes information about God's judgment and rewards.

Romans 2:2:

.2But we knew2 that the judgment of God is according to truth on the (people) practicing the-things-of-this-kind.

Paul and the holy-people with him at that time knew and continued to know (perceive, see) that…

  • the judgment of God (God’s judgment, the decision God made or arrived-at issuing from the judging process, the sentence He passed or pronounced)
  • is
    • in accordance with truth (in conformity, proportion to/with God’s essential reality, His inherent verity)
  • down-on (against) the people practicing these sorts of things (referenced in the previous verses in Romans 1:18-32).

God’s judgment is according to God’s truth.

Verse 3:

.3But do you calculate this, oh man, the (person) judging the (people) practicing the-things-of-this-kind and doing them, that you will escape the judgment of God?

Do you…

  • oh man, the person who is judging the people who are practicing such things
  • and you are doing (performing) the same things,

calculate (reckon, count, compute) this - that emphatically you will escape (flee out from) the judgment of God?

A person is not "stuck" or "destined" or "physically-made" to behave in such a bad manner – because the only true God has given mankind His Word which makes known His benevolence which leads a person to change his/her own mind. God does not and will not force or control a person to make him/her believe His Word and to behave in a manner which is in accordance with His will. God shows His grace and benevolence in-that He makes-known how these people can get out of what they are in – they can stop doing these bad things if they want to.

Verses 5 and 6:

.5But according to your hardness and unrepentant heart you treasure to yourself wrath in (the) day of wrath and revelation of (the) righteous-judgment of God – .6“Who will give-away to each-person according to his works”:

In verse 5 Paul writes that it is in accordance with your

  • hardness (you became hard, as having dried-up from lack of water and becoming stiff like a leaf having detached itself from the tree, by your refusal of what God says Who is the source of your water/nourishment to give and maintain your life)
  • and unrepentant heart (without an amendment to the center/core of your being, no change of mind from bad to good within the seat of your whole personal self and life after re-thinking the matter)

…that you treasure wrath to yourself (you store up wrath, lay it in store for yourself, as in a thesaurus, in-storage) ready for you to receive during the day (the period of time) of…

  • wrath (lasting angry vengeance)
  • and revelation of the righteous judgment (uncovering of the just action of pronouncing sentence, the right process of making a separating decision, passing just judgment, the righteous decision being made in judgment)
    • of/from God –
    • “Who will give-away to each-person according to his works” (refer to Proverbs 24:12 - God will at that future time pay-back what is due or obligated as a payment or merited wage to everyone in accordance, conformity and proportion to/with each person’s deeds, the effects produced by his/her actions).

The "wrath" here refers to the wrath of God which is lasting angry vengeance, like the heat of a burning-fire. This is not a spur-of-the-moment thing on God's part because He has foretold regarding the consequences of unbelief and rejection of His Word including the promised seed, the savior, all through the ages since Genesis 3:15.

All holy-people (Christians) are already spiritually rescued out-from this coming wrath. At a future time it will definitely arrive after all holy-people will have been gathered together by the Lord Jesus Christ at which time we will be given new spiritual bodies. We will not be subjected to the wrath because it will not occur until after Christ comes and gathers the church of holy-people together with him.

Verses 7 and 8:

.7indeed to the (people) seeking-after glory and honor and incorruption according to patient-endurance of good work – eternal life, .8but to the (people) from work-for-ambitious-purposes and being un-persuaded by the truth but being persuaded by unrighteousness – wrath and rage;

God will give-away indeed on the one hand…

  • to/for the people seeking after (looking for):
    • glory (importance, splendor, renown) and
    • honor (estimated as being valuable, deemed worthy of price, esteemed to have value) and
    • incorruption (un-decay, the state of being incorrupt)
  • according to patient-endurance (their seeking is in accordance with a bearing-up, holding-out, enduring, remaining upwards or upright relative to God and the things of God under any obstacles)
    • pertaining-to and proceeding-from good work (work that issues from God Who is good and sets the standard for what is good)
  • eternal life (these people will receive life which lasts throughout all durations of life, all ages).

BUT on the other hand…

  • to/for the people
    • from work for ambitious purposes (their activities are originating out from labor being achieved solely from their selfish ambition, looking for wages as if purchasing a favor and promotion by canvassing, causing factions)
    • and who are actively unwilling to be persuaded (they are not convinced) by/with the truth (God’s essential reality, the truth pertaining-to and issuing-from God)
    • but who are being persuaded by unrighteousness (convinced with/by injustice, unjustness)
  • there will be:
  • wrath (lasting angry vengeance, as verse 5 above) and
  • rage (intense passion, heated-outburst from the mind, as a sudden flame from a burning-fire).

Verse 16:

.16in (the) day when God judges the hidden-things of men according to my good-message by means of Christ Jesus.

In verse 16 Paul writes that during the day when God judges (makes His decision on/regarding) the things which are hidden (concealed from view, cryptic to/from other people) pertaining to men (belonging to and emanating from any of mankind) - God will judge…

  • in accordance (conformity, proportion)
  • to/with my good-message (the gospel I proclaim, the evangel that I preach)

…by means of (through) Christ Jesus.

Romans 3:4 - God remains righteous in His judgment.

Romans 3:3 and 4:

.3For what if some-people disbelieved, their unbelief will not render-ineffective the belief of God, will it? – (no).4may it not become! But God must become (the) True-One, but every man a liar, according as it was written2, "So-that ever You may be made-righteous in Your words and You will be-victorious in Your judging."

Since it is a fact that God made known His declared-words to mankind, the question may be posed:

  • in truth, what if some of them did not believe (did not have faith/trust in what God gave them to believe),
    • their unbelief (lack of belief, faithlessness, being without trust relative to God and the things of God)
    • will not render the belief that God gave them ineffective (inactive, inoperative, useless),
    • will it?
  • The answer: No! The Greek construction of this question indicates that the expected answer is "no." Then Paul confirms the negative answer by writing: may it not become! May that not come to pass! May that not happen! The thought of such a thing being so repulsive to Paul is conveyed in his expression of may it not become or come into being that such a thing would occur at any time!

But, even if some people did not believe what God entrusted to them, God must presently continue becoming the One Who is true (being and having the essential reality, inherent verity; He must keep coming to pass to be true in all of His words and actions).

But on the other hand, every man (all, every one of mankind who does not believe what God says) must become a liar (a person who speaks and lives lies, falsehoods; this man must be shown as being a false person, a falsifier).

This is just as what was previously written in the old covenant writings (refer to Psalm 51:4)…

  • "So-that ever (in such a manner or method that it would happen at any time that)
  • You may be made-righteous in Your words (You, God, would be declared righteous, caused to be righteous, justified within the sphere of action of the words that You speak)
  • and You will be victorious in Your judging (You, God, will conquer during the time when You will be making Your decisions regarding people in light of what You spoke to them; You will have the victory at judgment time)."

Acts 17:31 - God will judge by means of the resurrected Christ in righteousness.

Acts 17:30 and 31:

.30Therefore indeed, having looked-over the times of the lack-of-knowledge, God now charges the-things to men: all-people everywhere to repent – .31as-because He caused a day to-stand in which He is about to judge the inhabited-area in righteousness in an adult-male whom He marked-out-definitely, having presented belief to all-people, having resurrected him out-from dead-people."

In these verses Paul says, "Therefore indeed, having looked down on the chronological times of mankind's lack of personal knowledge (being unknowing, their ignorance, unawareness of God)...

  • at the present time God passes His message of things on to mankind:
    • all people everywhere to repent (everyone must change their minds from bad to good regarding God and the things of God after re-thinking the matter) –

…as for the fact that God has caused a day to stand (we are living in the period of time) during which He is on the point of judging the inhabited-area (He is on the verge of making His decision, He is about to pronounce His sentence on the inhabitants in the dwelled-in parts of the world)…

  • in righteousness (within the sphere of action of justness, justice)
    • in an adult-male whom He marked-out-definitely (within the sphere of action of a grown man whom God has set or separated as the boundary, the horizon, the limited-area relative to God’s judgment, this man will carry-out God’s judgment),
  • having presented belief to all-people (God has already held faith beside everybody, He has offered all people the belief that they are to believe),
    • having resurrected him out-from dead-people (God has already resurrected this man, He has caused Jesus to stand up alive out from among the rest of those who have died and remain dead)."

I Corinthians 4:4 and 5 - the Lord Jesus Christ judges now and in the future.

I Corinthians 4:4 and 5:

.4...but the (one) judging me up is Lord; .5so-that you must not judge something before time until ever the Lord may come who also will lighten the hidden-things of the darkness and he will manifest the deliberate-determinations of the hearts, and then the praise will become to each-person from God.

Paul writes that the one who is presently and actively judging him up (carefully examining or investigating him) is Lord. His master in both the spirit category and the walk (behavior, conduct) category was the Lord Jesus Christ - nobody or nothing else, not even himself.

The truth regarding every holy-person is that we are judged in/by the Lord Jesus Christ who has already paid the price on our behalf for our redemption and salvation. Therefore we have already been judged spiritually and the pronounced sentence is that we are righteous (justified). Any judgments based on any other viewpoint are null and void for each and every holy-person (Christian) in the spirit category because we are sons of the only true God.

However, in the walk category (which includes our behavior, conduct, our service and state of fellowship with God and our Lord Jesus Christ and one-another) – it is by the freedom of will of each holy-person whether he lives his everyday life in accordance with God's Word or not (refer to II Corinthians 5:10).

Paul continues: …with the consequence and result that you must not judge something (do not make a decision in judgment, pronounce sentence about anything in this context) before time (prior-to, in advance of the specific season or period of time of the final judgment)…

  • continuing up-to whenever the Lord would come (there is no doubt but that the Lord will definitely come, but the specific time of his arrival is not known by mankind because it has not been revealed by God)
  • who also will lighten (in addition he will pour light upon, give light on and thereby cause to be seen)
    • the hidden-things (the things which are concealed from view, cryptic to/from mankind)
    • pertaining-to and consisting-of the darkness (where there is no light at all, the complete lack or absence of the light; this is figuratively referring to that-which lacks God's light which He makes available to/for mankind),
  • and he will manifest (evidence, bring to light, show-forth)
    • the deliberate-determinations (purposed wills)
    • of the hearts (belonging-to, pertaining-to, and issuing-from the center or core of a person's being, the seat of his whole personal self and life).

And then (at that time) the praise will become to each person from God (the applause, the acclaim of/towards each individual will come into being, come to pass, from God).

II Timothy 4:1 - Christ Jesus is about to judge all people.

II Timothy 4:1:

4:1I throughly-witness before God and Christ Jesus the (one) being about to judge (people) living and dead-people (at) his shining-light and his kingdom –

Paul writes: I bear complete witness in the sight and presence of…

  • God (the Father of Christ Jesus)
  • and Christ Jesus (the Anointed Jesus, the Messiah who has been resurrected and makes salvation available; he is God’s son and is second in command to God)
    • the one being about to judge people living and dead-people (Christ Jesus is on the point of making decisions, on behalf of God, on the people who are alive when that time comes and the people who will have already died by that time; dead-people have no life at all in them until they will be caused to rise from death at a future time to receive Christ's judgment)
    • at
      • a) his shining-light (his complete light being shone upon all, the illumination caused-by and emanating-from Christ Jesus, here referring to the time when he comes to be present to gather all of us holy-people/Christians together with him in the air and then we will be judged before his judgment-seat)
      • b) and his kingdom (the kingly or royal dominion and government and rule and territory and power, etc, belonging to Christ Jesus when he comes on earth to gather the rest of his people: those still alive and the rest of the dead who will be raised, and all these will be judged by him)....

I Corinthians 11:29, 31 and 32 - bad behavior brings judgment today for holy-people.

I Corinthians 11:28-30:

.28But a man must prove himself and thus he must eat out-from the bread and he must drink out-from the cup, .29for the (person) eating and drinking not throughly-judging the body eats and drinks judgment to himself – .30because-of-this many-people among you (are) weak and sickly and sufficient-people sleep.

It is imperative that a man (a member of mankind, a human-being who is a holy-person, a Christian)…

  • is proving himself (putting himself to the test, examining himself and thereby approving his behavior, the way he conducts himself, prove his quality and character in relation to this topic)
    • and in this manner he must eat out-from the bread (from which all present share)
    • and he must drink out-from the cup (of the Lord from which all present share),
  • in truth, the holy-person who is not throughly-judging (judging through-and-through, making a separating or differentiating decision, wholly distinguishing or discerning – not judging that there is a difference regarding)
    • the body (referring to the body of the Lord Jesus Christ – all that he accomplished with/by his physical body, which includes the resulting one spiritual body of Christ, of which all holy-people are limbs)
    • while he is eating and drinking,
      • is in fact eating and drinking judgment to himself (a pronounced decision, a sentence passed on himself, against his own physical body during the everyday living of his life)
  • – on account of this (holy-people who are not throughly-judging the body while eating and drinking together)
  • a lot of you are
    • weak (without strength, infirm, feeble)
    • and sickly (not strong, languid, not thriving)
    • and sufficient-people (a sufficient number of people, the amount has reached the point of satisfying sufficiency in this context, enough people)
    • sleep (are asleep, they have already fallen asleep – referring to death – they died prematurely because of natural causes being weak and sickly, before the usual span of natural life).

This is the implementation of the temporary judgment in the physical category against those holy-people who do not eat and drink together as the Lord Jesus Christ instructed.

Spiritually every holy-person remains a limb (member) of the one spiritual body of Christ because his holy spirit-life cannot be lost from him as he lives his everyday life. It is only in the physical/flesh category that he can leave himself open to that-which is less than what God would want every holy-person to manifest and live every day of our lives.

When a person who has received the gift of holy spirit dies – his/her holy spirit-life goes back to God and the Lord Jesus Christ because that is where it came from in the first place; then that person physically dies – breathes the last breath, and the body goes back to the dust of the ground. This state of death is called “sleep” from God's and the Lord Jesus Christ's point of view because it is a temporary state and not a permanent condition for any holy-person (Christian) who dies before Christ comes to gather all the church of holy-people together with him. That dead person remains dead until he/she is raised up alive at the future gathering time. For more information regarding this subject, you may read I Corinthians chapter 15.

Verses 31 and 32:

.31But if we used-to throughly-judge ourselves we used-to not ever be judged, .32but being judged by (the) Lord we are trained in order that we may not be condemned together with the world.

Now Paul includes himself and all holy-people, not only those living in Corinth:

  • If during a past time, historically – that is: before we believed the good-message and received the gift of holy spirit –
  • we were throughly-judging ourselves (making a decision regarding ourselves by using fleshly standards, thoroughly judging ourselves to be different from each other while we were eating and drinking at various meetings or feasts),
  • then at that past time we were not ever judged (our own decisions regarding ourselves were not true or real judgments from God’s viewpoint because we were not holy-people during that past time).

In truth, a decision could not ever be made regarding our behavior in relation to not throughly-judging the body of the Lord Jesus Christ when eating and drinking - because we had no part in it spiritually during that past time before we became holy-people – we could not share in it at all.

But at the present time we (holy-people) are being judged (a decision is being made regarding our behavior at our meetings or feasts)…

  • by (under the power, hand, or agency of)
  • our Lord Jesus Christ
  • and this is how we are presently trained (we are being taught as children or young servants, which not only includes instruction but also education, discipline, correction, etc)
  • for the purpose and result that
  • we would not be condemned (receive a judgment made down against us, a sentence brought down, a decision pronounced against us regarding our walk/behavior and evidenced in the physical/flesh realm)
    • in conjunction with the world's condemnation (the effects of judgment made against the world including the ungodly unsaved people living in it).

II Timothy 4:14 - bad behavior will bring appropriate judgments.

II Timothy 4:14 and 15:

.14Alexander the coppersmith pointed-out many bad-things to me – the Lord will give-away to him according to his works – .15whom also you must keep-watch for he very (much) stood-against our words.

Paul lets Timothy know that Alexander the coppersmith (one who works with brass, metals)…

  • pointed out many bad-things to me (he indicated, as though with a finger, displayed a lot of things to me which are against the only true God)
    • – the Lord will give-away to him according to his works (the Lord/Master Jesus Christ will at a future time pay-back what is due or obligated to him) –
  • whom also emphatically you must keep-watch (you yourself must be vigilant to watch him and guard yourself)
  • for he very much stood-against our words (he stood extremely against, anti, withstood, resisted the spoken accounts we speak, emphatically ours).

I Peter 1:17 - God judges without favoritism.

I Peter 1:17-19:

.17And since you call-upon (the) Father to-yourselves, the (One) judging unreceptively-of-faces according to (the) work of each-person, in fear you must behave (during) the time of your sojourn, .18having known2 that you were not redeemed with corruptible-things, silver or gold, out-from your futile fathers’-traditional behavior .19but with (the) honorable blood of Christ as of a lamb without-blemish and spotless,

Peter writes that since/if you call upon the Father to yourselves (invite God our Father to yourselves by turning appealingly towards Him)…

  • emphatically He is the One judging (making His decision passing sentence)
  • in a manner and quality without receiving faces (not showing partiality, not biased - God does not 'play favorites')
  • in accordance (conformity, proportion)
    • to/with the work of each-person (the deed, the effect produced by each person individually, particularly, singly, distinctly, having expended his/her energy),

…in fear you must behave (you must have your mode of living, your manner of moving-about, your way of turning-up during everyday living emphatically within the sphere of action of fright, being afraid at the consequences of the performance of any wrong behavior, exhibiting the awe and respect that ought to be shown towards God and the Lord Jesus Christ)…

  • for the chronological time of your sojourn (your housing or dwelling as temporary residents, as settlers beside or near the family, but who do not have the citizenship rights as the true dwellers have)

…having known and you still know (perceive) that you were not redeemed (the ransom, expiation, atonement money, the payment necessary to loosen, release, free you, was not paid/made)…

  • with/by corruptible things (capable of decay, in the state of corruption),
    • for example: silver or gold (our redemption was not bought with gold, silver, money, as paying to release a slave),
  • originating out from your
    • futile (empty as to any results, meaningless and useless)
    • fathers’-traditional behavior (mode of living, way of turning-up, manner of moving-about during everyday living that your forefathers, ancestors, gave-along or delivered-over from one to another, passing that futile behavior from one-person to beside or alongside another from generation to generation which eventually came to be considered as an authority, "the way we've always done it" and so those traditions were thought of by many people as being "the right-way to do it")

…but on the contrary, you were redeemed…

  • with/by the honorable blood (esteemed of value, of worth, prized blood)
  • of Christ
  • as of a lamb
  • without-blemish (unblemished, no fault to be found because of some defect as a spot or damage in it)
  • and spotless (the state of being stainless).

Hebrews 13:4 - God will judge fornicators and adulterers.

Hebrews 13:4:

.4Marriage (must be) honorable among all-people and the (marriage) bed (must be) unstained, for God will judge fornicators and adulterers.

Marriage (the union binding a man and a woman together as husband and wife) must be honorable (should be esteemed of value, held in honor, deemed of worthy price, prized) in or among all holy-people…

  • and the marriage bed must be unstained (the place of lying down, referring to the sexual activity of those who are married, should not be tainted, not tinged, without being colored with something else).

In truth, God will judge (make His decision passing sentence regarding)…

  • fornicators (people who carry out wrongful sexual activity/relations)  
  • and adulterers (married-people who have sexual relations with someone other-than his/her spouse).

James 5:9 - be patient because the Lord will judge.

James 5:7-9:

.7Therefore you must be patient, brothers, until the presence of the Lord. Look!, the tiller waits-for the honorable fruit of the earth, being patient on it until it may receive early-rain and late-rain; .8also you must be patient, you must set your hearts fast because the presence of the Lord came-near2. .9You must not groan against one-another, brothers, in order that you may not be judged. Look!, the judge stood2 before the doors.

James writes that since there will be a judgment (refer to James 4:12), you must be patient (be long-suffering, long-tempered, have long-forbearance), brothers…

  • for the length of time up until the presence (the coming and being present, the arrival) of the Lord.

Look (behold, see, pay attention)!, the tiller (the cultivator, husbandman, the one who tills the soil preparing the garden making it ready for the plants to bear fruit)…

  • waits for (as willingly reaching out from himself to receive or accept what will be given to him, which will be)
  • the honorable fruit (the produce that is esteemed of value, held in honor, deemed of worthy price, prized) from the earth,
  • being patient on it (he is long-suffering, long-tempered, having long-forbearance based on the fruit)
  • for the duration of time until it may receive (take what is given to it, which are the) early-rain during October-November to help the newly-planted grain, and late-rain during March-April just before the harvest.

Also emphatically you must be patient (just like the tiller in the example above), you must set your hearts fast (fix the center or core or your beings, the seat of your personal selves and living, firmly)...

  • because the presence of the Lord came-near and continues near (has drawn near, come close, it has approached close-by).

You must not groan against one-another (don’t sigh in distress downwards against each another), brothers…

  • for the purpose and result that you would not be judged (by another making a decision, passing sentence in final judgment on any bad behavior regarding yourselves).

Look (behold, see, pay attention)!, the judge (the presiding-judge, the one making decisions) stood and is still standing in front of the doors (at the points of entry and access, the entrance).

Hebrews 10:35 - great compensation payment is available.

Hebrews 10:35 and 36:

.35Therefore let you not throw-away your boldness, the-one-which has a great compensation-payment, .36for you have need of patient-endurance in order that having done the intention of God you may bring-to-yourselves the promise,

Paul writes: let you not cast away your boldness (freedom, frankness and openness)...

  • the boldness which has a great compensation-payment (a large wage given as the pay-back).

The only way that a holy-person could throw away his/her boldness is in the walk (behavior, conduct) category – not the holy spirit category.

In truth, you have need of patient-endurance (you have a necessity due to lack because of not having what you need for your use, your need is the bearing-up, holding, enduring and remaining upwards or upright relative-to God and the things of God under any obstacles)...

  • for the purpose and result that,
  • after you have done the intention of God (performed God’s will),
  • you may bring-to-yourselves the promise (you would receive/take and carry with yourselves the promise that you will acquire as the compensation or reward so as to preserve what you receive and take-care of it).

The “promise” refers to the effective fullness of the proclamation, the declaration of the message of God’s intention; refer to Hebrews 4:1, 6:12-20, 7:6, 8:6, 9:15, and 11:9-17.

Hebrews 11:6 - God is the compensation payer.

Hebrews 11:6:

.6But without belief (a person is) not-able to well-please; for it is necessary (for) the (person) coming-towards God to believe that He is and He becomes (the) compensation-payer to the (people) seeking Him out.

Without belief (apart-from the information that God makes known to a person to have confidence-in with assured certainty and surety)...

  • a person is not able to well-please (a person is unable, not capable, does not have the able-power, the ability to be goodly agreeable, acceptable, and gratifying to God).

It is not possible to well-please God without His belief. There is no capability for a person to please God well when that person does not have God’s belief.

How does a person receive God’s belief in order to be able to well-please God?

In truth, it is necessary (it is binding, an obligation, it must or ought-to happen) for the person coming (going) towards God to believe that…

  • He is (God presently and actively is God, He exists in living reality right now while the person is going towards Him)


  • He becomes the compensation-payer (God comes to pass to be the One Who gives the wage as the pay-back)
    • to the people seeking Him out (to those who are presently and actively looking out for God, in the sense of looking to God for His response).

In order for a person to obtain God’s belief regarding a specific situation or circumstance, that person must first come towards God believing (having faith, trusting) that God is and that God becomes the compensation-payer to the people seeking Him out.

I Corinthians 3:8 and 14 - each holy-person to receive compensation.

I Corinthians 3:8:

.8and the (person) planting and the (person) giving-to-drink are one, but each-person will receive (his) own compensation according to (his) own labor,

Paul writes that each-person (here referring to Paul and Apollos individually)...

  • will receive (take to himself)
  • his own compensation (the wage or hire due emphatically to himself but not to someone else)
    • in accordance with his own labor (in conformity and proportion to/with his own exerted effort, the toil that emphatically he did himself but not done by someone else, towards that same purpose or goal).

Verses 13-15:

.13the work of each-person will become manifest for the day will make (it) clear because it is revealed in fire and the fire will prove what-kind the work of each-person is: .14if the work of someone will remain which he built-on (the foundation) he will receive a compensation, .15if the work of someone will be burned-down he will be caused-to-receive-loss but he will be saved, and thus as by means of fire.

In verse 13 Paul writes that the work of each person will become manifest (what each person wrought, the effect produced with/by each individual having acted expending his energy – the quality of the work will come to pass to be evident, brought to light, shown-forth)…

  • for the day (referring to the day of the Lord Jesus Christ when he comes to gather all holy-people together with him in the air and then he will put all-things in proper arrangement for God)
    • will make the work clear (plain to see, evident)
    • because at that future time the work is revealed (it is uncovered, as removing a veil and exposing what was previously hidden from view)
      • within/by fire
  • and the fire will prove what kind the work of each person is (the fire will demonstrate the quality and character of the work previously done by carrying-out its own assigned function which is to burn what it comes in contact with but only destroying perishable items – as during the refining process – as testing or examination regarding what sort of work was done by each individual holy-person, every Christian – either to approve or disapprove its purity in the following manner):
    • if the work of someone will remain (stay, continue)
    • which he built on the foundation of Jesus Christ
      • he will receive a compensation (he will take to himself the corresponding hire or wage due to him for that work),
    • if the work of someone will be burned-down (we may say "burned-up" to indicate that what could be burned will be destroyed)
      • he will be caused to receive loss (he will be inflicted loss, damage or detriment as regards the receiving of compensation, because he will not receive any for the work which he has done since it will be burned-down and therefore it will be as though he has done no work at all)
    • but emphatically he will be saved (he himself will be made-safe – he will not be burned down along with his work),
    • and thus as by means of fire (it will happen in this manner – as through or by way of fire, because the fire will prove that he himself has received the gift of holy spirit by not burning him down but all of his work will be burned, it will be completely destroyed).

I Timothy 5:18 - the worker is worthy of his compensation.

I Timothy 5:17 and 18:

.17The elders beautifully having stood-before2 (others) must be esteemed-worthy of double honor, especially the (elders) laboring in word and teaching, .18for the writing says, “You will not muzzle the ox threshing,” and, “The worker (is) worthy of his compensation.”

God's people were to make sure that they did not cause the ox that is treading out grain for them to be unable to partake of what it is treading out. The animal must be allowed to share by eating the amount of grain which it needs as food for sustenance while obeying and carrying out its master's will.

Also Paul writes that it is written in the writing:

  • “The worker is worthy of his compensation (the person who expends energy and effort doing work is of equal value to his wage, of like worth with his hire).”

The amount of work that the worker works should be equally balanced on scales with the amount of compensation given to him as payment for that work.

II John 1:8 - receive full compensation for work done.

II John 1:8:

.8You must observe yourselves in order that you may not destroy the-things-which we worked but you may receive full compensation.

You must observe yourselves (be mentally-aware and contemplate yourselves, look at what you are doing, even though you may not physically see anything with your physical eyes – in other words, be spiritually observant relying on the holy spirit within you) for the purpose and result that…

  • you would not utterly ruin (completely cause to be lost away from yourselves)
    • the-things-which we worked (the things that we produced expending our energy, what we effected by our actions when we worked together previously according to God’s will, the end-products, the things wrought by us)
  • but on the contrary,
  • you would receive (take back/away from the one giving, receive in-full)
    • full compensation (the fullness or full-contents of the hire or wage due to you as payment for those things, the maximum available to you as a result of the things that we worked).

We should recognize and understand that we (holy-people, Christians) cannot lose salvation. The gift of holy spirit (which is the spirit of Christ in us) cannot be taken away from us, we cannot lose it, and therefore we most definitely are saved in the spirit category to God, plus we will be part of the gathering-together when Christ comes for all holy-people. 

But – we will not receive any compensation associated with works that we do if those works do not agree with God’s will. No compensation will be given from God or from Christ for actions that we perform against God and His son Jesus Christ (refer to I Corinthians 3:8-15 and II Corinthians 5:10).

Romans 8:1 - there is no condemning sentence to people in Christ.

Romans 8:1 and 2:

8:1Consequently now (there is) not-one condemning-sentence to the (people) in Christ Jesus, .2for the law of the spirit of the life in Christ Jesus freed you away-from the law of the sin and the death.

Paul writes that in correspondence to what is previously written in this letter, at the present time there is…

  • not-one condemning-sentence (none, not-any sentence pronounced against, no decision made or brought down in judgment)
  • to/against the people who are in Christ Jesus (within the cause and sphere of action, character, and attributes of Christ Jesus – all holy-people are limbs of the one spiritual body of Christ, similar to an eye or arm or leg being in the physical body; we are living to God in Christ Jesus and therefore in the spirit category we live within everything he is now),

…for (in truth)…

  • the law of the spirit of the life in Christ Jesus (the law pertaining-to the holy spirit-life, which is the spirit of Christ that provides the eternal life; the law that is now in force and operational among all the holy-people being administered within the sphere of action of Christ Jesus)
  • freed you (set each one of you individually at-liberty, liberated you)
  • away from the law of the sin and the death (the law that is in force and operational in the fleshy body).

The law of the sin and the death is not referring to the law of Moses itself. Paul has already written that the law of Moses indeed is holy and the commandment contained in that law is holy and righteous and good (refer to Romans 7:11 and 12). But the law of the sin and the death is referring to the law being administered by the devil/satan – sin against the only true God and therefore will result in complete death.

II Timothy 4:8 - the crown of the righteousness at the judgment-seat of Christ.

II Timothy 4:7 and 8:

.7I contested2 the beautiful contest, I completed2 the race, I kept2 the belief; .8as-to-the-rest the crown of the righteousness is laid-away for me which the Lord, the righteous judge will give-away to me in that day, but not only to me but also to all the (people) having loved1,2 his shining-light.

At the time when Paul was writing this letter, he was imprisoned in Rome again, and he had received information from God or from the Lord Jesus Christ regarding the fact that he would die shortly. He knew that he would die before Christ’s coming. Paul writes in verse 8:

  • As to the rest (the remaining and final things)
  • the crown of the righteousness is laid-away for me (the victory wreath pertaining-to justice/justness, the garland prize put on the head of the victor/winner of the contest, the crown pertaining-to doing and being what is just/right from God's viewpoint, is laid up for preservation separated from me right now but it is in store for me to have at a future time)
    • which the Lord Jesus Christ who is the righteous judge (the justified one who makes the decisions, the just presiding-judge)
    • will give-away to me in that day (he will pay-back what is due or obligated to me during that day)
  • but not only (alone) to me,
  • but on the contrary, the Lord Jesus Christ, the righteous judge,
  • will also give-away the crown of the righteousness to all the people who have loved1 and are still loving1 his shining-light (the object of their love being the complete light being shone upon all, the illumination caused-by and emanating-from Christ Jesus, here referring to the time when he comes to be present to gather all of us holy-people/Christians together with him in the air and then we will be judged before his judgment-seat).

“That day” refers here to the time-period that begins the moment when the Lord Jesus Christ will come to gather Paul and all holy-people together with him in the air, and he will give to each of us at his judgment seat the appropriate rewards, assignments, etc, depending upon what we did for him whether good or bad during our everyday lives being holy-people, and we will remain with him from that time forward.

Romans 14:10 - the judgment-seat of Christ.

Romans 14:10-12:

.10But you, why do you judge your brother, or also you, why do you despise your brother? For we will all present-ourselves to the judgment-seat of Christ, .11for it was written2, "I live, says (the) Lord, that every knee will bend to Me and every tongue will expressly-agree with God" - .12consequently each of us will give a word concerning himself.

Paul writes the questions in verse 10 in the singular form - not that they are addressed to any particular holy-person (Christian) among those in Rome, nor to imply that every single one of them was doing this - but each of them must consider his/her behavior to check if it is in alignment with God's will.

  • You (singular, individual), why do you judge (make a decision on)
    • your brother (another holy-person - your "brother" because he also has holy spirit-life within him and God is the Father of both of you in the spirit category)?
  • Or also you, why do you despise (treat contemptibly, set as naught, think nothing of)
    • your brother?

Paul does not write a direct answer to these questions, nor does he look for a defense from the readers, but instead he writes:

  • In truth, we will all present ourselves to (all holy-people will cause ourselves to stand beside)
    • the judgment-seat of Christ (which will occur after Christ has gathered us together with him away from the earth - this judgment-seat will be a judicial-bench, a tribune or raised-platform from where he addresses the assembly in front of him - Christ will make the decisions in accordance with God's will because God has given all judgment to His son).

Paul continues in verse 12:

  • consequently each of us (every single one of us, each holy-person individually, particularly, singly, distinctly)
  • will give a word concerning/about himself (a spoken account of his inner thoughts).

As a consequence to what God has already revealed regarding a future time-period, we will give an account of/for our walk, our behavior, our conduct during the everyday living of our lives while we await Christ's coming to be present when he will gather us all together with him. It is after the gathering-together that we will stand before the judgment-seat of Christ.

Because we are holy-people, God by means of the Lord Jesus Christ will not judge us as to whether we are or are-not righteous (justified) - because we have already been judged in Christ and found to be righteous - we are justified spiritually. Our spiritual relationship and standing is that God is our Father and we are His children, plus the Lord Jesus Christ is our Lord and brother - this spiritual relationship cannot change.

The only relationship that can fluctuate is our fellowship, our walk, our behavior, our conduct - corresponding to whether we carry-out God's will as we live our everyday lives or not!

II Corinthians 5:10 - the judgment-seat of Christ.

II Corinthians 5:10:

.10for it is necessary (for) us all to be manifested in-front-of the judgment-seat of Christ in order that each-person may bring-to-himself (his) own-things of the body towards the-things-which he practiced, whether good or bad.

Paul writes that in truth…

  • it is necessary (it is binding, it ought to be, it must occur)
  • for all of us (every holy-person, Christian)
  • to be manifested in front of (evidenced, brought to light, shown-forth face to face with, in full view before)
    • the judgment-seat of Christ (the Anointed-one, the Messiah; this will occur after Christ has gathered us together with him away from the earth)….

Christ will do the judging, the decision-making regarding those in front of him, in accordance with God's will because God has given all judgment to His son.

This tribunal will not be to determine whether the holy-person is righteous before God or not, because that has already been determined (all holy-people are righteous) – but the Lord Jesus Christ will address the assembly in front of him…

  • for the purpose and result that each-person (each holy-person/Christian individually, particularly, singly, distinctly)
  • would bring to himself (receive/take and carry to/with himself, acquire so as to preserve and take-care of what Christ will give to him as compensation or reward from that time onwards)
  • his own-things of the body (the things pertaining to the man himself)
  • towards the-things-which he practiced (with a purposed reference to the things which he habitually, repeatedly did and was in the process of accomplishing during his lifetime in his fleshy body since he became a holy-person),
  • whether good (good from God’s viewpoint; God is the One Who issues His goodness and He sets the standard of/for what is good to be conformed to by others)
  • or bad (that-which does not issue from God).

Each holy-person brings to himself at that future time what is deemed by Christ to correspond to those things which that holy-person was accomplishing during his everyday living of life, from the moment of receiving the gift of holy spirit to the moment when Christ gathers us together - whether good or whether bad from Christ’s point of view which also is God’s point of view.

Christ will be arranging his kingdom and therefore deciding who will do what for him as God puts all things in subjection via Christ (refer to I Corinthians 15:23-28). Christ will place us in the proper arrangement so as to carry out what God asks him to carry-out. Christ will assign certain tasks to certain individuals at that time.

Every holy-person will be with the Lord Jesus Christ but every holy-person will not be assigned the same duties when Christ is arranging his kingdom. The “duty-roster” will depend upon whether the individual holy-person practiced good (that-which issues from God) for/towards God and the Lord Jesus Christ, or whether he practiced bad (that-which does not issue from God) against God and the Lord Jesus Christ - since the time that he became a holy-person (a Christian).

II Thessalonians 1:5 and 6 - God's judgment is righteous via the Lord Jesus Christ.

II Thessalonians 1:5-10:

.5(which is the) pointing-out of the righteous judgment of God with-a-view-for you to be-esteemed-worthy of the kingdom of God on behalf of which also you suffer, .6since-indeed (it is) righteous with God to repay pressure to the (ones) pressuring you, .7and to you, the (people) being pressured, relief with us in the revelation of the Lord Jesus from heaven with his able angels .8in flame of fire giving vengeance to the (ones) not having known2 God and to the (ones) not obeying the good-message of our Lord Jesus, .9the-ones-who will pay right: agelong destruction away-from (the) face of the Lord and away-from the glory of his strength, .10whenever he may come to be in-glorified in his holy-people, even to be marveled-at among all the (people) having believed because our witness on you was believed, in that day,

With reference to what Paul wrote in verses 3 and 4 regarding the Thessalonian holy-people's belief and patient endurance and holding themselves up during persecutions and pressures - that is…

  • the pointing-out (the indication, evidence or proof that God gives, the thing He displays as pointing out with His finger)
    • of His righteous judgment (His just action of pronouncing sentence, the just decision being made in judgment belonging-to and proceeding-from God)
  • for the purpose of you holy-people to be esteemed worthy of the kingdom of God (counted to be of like-worth with God's kingdom)
    • on behalf of (in the interests of) which kingdom you also suffer (you are experiencing, you are affected by things as you live your everyday lives awaiting Christ's coming to gather all Christians together with him).
  • The reason for this:
  • since it is definite that it is righteous (just) in God's viewpoint
    • to repay pressure to the ones pressuring you (to give-back pressure to the people and/or evil-spirits who are presently giving you pressure, pay them back in place of what they are giving to you right now, God will requite with pressure);
    • and to you, the people presently being pressured, to repay relief (a loosening, relaxation, and so a lack of anything pressing-upon or squeezing you)
      • in company and association with us
      • in the revelation of the Lord Jesus from heaven (within the sphere of action of and during the time and process of the Lord Jesus being uncovered, revealed away-from heaven, as though removing a veil to expose what had previously been hidden, the apocalypse of the Master Jesus from heaven above)
      • in company and association with his able-powered (capable) angels.

You holy-people who are presently being pressured will be given relief with us (myself and those with me) in the revelation of the Lord Jesus from heaven with his able angels…

  • in/within flame of fire (bright and burning fire, blazing, flaming fire, indicating God's purification and righteous judgment in action, being implemented and carried-out)
  • giving vengeance (the execution of right/justice)
  • to the people and devil-spirits who did not know God (have not perceived or seen the only true God, they have not allowed God to come within their sphere of perception or circle of vision) and who still don't know God,
  • and to the people and devil-spirits who are not obeying the good-message of our Lord Jesus (those who are not hearing, not listening-attentively, and do not carry-out what is heard which is the gospel, the evangel pertaining-to and proceeding-from our Lord Jesus, the Master of all holy-people).

Those not having known and continuing not knowing God and those not obeying the good-message of our Lord Jesus are the ones…

  • who will pay that-which is right (they will pay justice, as paying the required penalty which is right in the judicial sense, which will be):
    • agelong destruction (a lifetime duration of destruction which is that-which ruins and slays, disaster with death, everlasting or eternal in the sense of this destruction never changing once it begins but will end when the time of their life ends)
    • away-from the face (in motion from the countenance or presence) of the Lord Jesus Christ
    • and away-from the glory of his strength (in motion from the importance, splendor and renown of his inherent-strength, the strength which he now is, having received it from God when He raised him up from among the dead-people; refer to Ephesians 1:19-23).

This will occur at whatever time (we don't know the time but we know this time will definitely arrive – the time when)...

  • the Lord Jesus Christ will come to be in-glorified in his holy-people (to be given the importance, splendor and renown, caused to be in the state of glory, glorious, being and living within glory within or among his sanctified-people, his saints),
  • even to be marveled-at among all the people having believed (to be astonished or looked-on with wonder and amazement among all the people who have had faith, trust relative-to God and the Lord Jesus Christ)
  • because our witness on you was believed (the attestation or declaration which we bore down-on you, bringing to light, confirming as authentic information or knowledge regarding God, the Lord Jesus Christ, etc, was believed),
  • in that day (in that day whenever it will be that our Lord Jesus Christ comes to be in-glorified in his holy-people, even to be marveled-at among all the people having believed because our witness on you was believed; these things will definitely happen, they will occur during that time-period, no doubt about it).

In Paul's first letter to these Thessalonian holy-people, he taught them that all the holy-people will first be united together with the Lord Jesus Christ (refer to I Thessalonians 4:13-17) and we will from that moment onwards forever be with him.

Therefore, following that event, when the Lord from heaven is revealed with his able angels we holy-people – having by that time already received our new spiritual bodies and rewards (refer to I Corinthians chapter 15 and II Corinthians 5:10) – will be together with him helping our Lord Jesus Christ. We will not be suffering persecutions and pressures at that time – we will have relief.

It is "in that day" that God by means of the Lord Jesus Christ will repay those pressuring the Thessalonian holy-people, and this also includes all holy-people, with pressure. That is the day, which will span a certain length of time, when those rejecting what God says regarding Himself and His son, the Lord Jesus Christ, will pay the right penalty. That is the day of the wrath of God which God has foretold so that there will be no just or legal excuse that can be made by any person or by any spirit in that day against what God will do by means of the Lord Jesus Christ.

Galatians 5:10 - those who disturb holy-people will lift-up their judgment.

Galatians 5:10:

.10I was persuaded2 into you in (the) Lord that you will think nothing other, but the (person) disturbing you will lift-up the judgment, he-whom if-ever he may be.

Paul tells the Galatian holy-people:

  • Emphatically I was persuaded and continue persuaded (I myself was convinced)
  • into (directed to, regarding) you
  • within the sphere of action of the Lord (basing my conviction on that-which the Lord Jesus Christ revealed to me)
  • that you will at a future time think not one other thing (nothing else, you will have no other thoughts in your mind – you will have the same kind of thoughts in accordance with the truth of God’s Word to/for you which will come to pass when Christ will gather all holy-people together with him – our hope),

…but the person who is presently disturbing you (stirring you up, agitating you, just like a normally calm pool of water is agitated and moves when something else is thrown into it breaking through its surface and causing a rippling effect over the whole pool)…

  • will at a future time lift-up the judgment (bear, support, carry as a heavy burden the pronounced decision, the sentence passed, the right/just decision that God arrives at, the decision made issuing from the judging process when God's judgment will come to pass and take effect against the person disturbing you),
  • whoever he would be (it does not matter what "status" he may have within the churches of Galatia at that time).

All holy-people (the true Christians of today) will receive new spiritual bodies like the Lord Jesus Christ and we will receive our judgment (refer to Romans 14:10; I Corinthians 15:35-58; II Corinthians 5:10; Philippians 3:20 and 21; II Timothy 2:12; Revelation 1:6).

All others will receive their judgment as recorded in Revelation chapter 20.

II Peter 3:7 - the day of judgment and destruction.

II Peter 3:7:

.7but now the heavens and the earth with the same word are having been treasured2 being kept into (the) day of judgment and destruction of not-reverential men with fire.

Peter writes that at the present time the heavens and the earth with/by the same word (the word of God) are...

  • having been treasured (stored up, laid in store, stored-up as in a thesaurus, in-storage) and they are still treasured
  • being kept into the day (as an eye being kept on them, they are being watched-over with a view to, directed to the time-period) of
    • judgment (the action of pronouncing sentence, a decision being made in judgment)
    • and destruction (loss, perdition, the state of being utterly lost and ruined away-from God)
    • of not-reverential men (human-beings who are without reverential respect for God, who do not have reverence to/for God)
      • with/by/in fire.

Romans 12:19 - God will repay.

Romans 12:18 and 19:

.18If able (with) the (ability) out-from you living-peaceably with all men, .19not avenging yourselves, loved-people1, but you must give a place to the wrath, for it was written2, "With Me (is) vengeance, I will repay," says (the) Lord,

If you have the ability (able-power, capability, if it is possible) during the everyday living of your lives with/by/from the ability out-from you (from the center of your beings outwards in evidence; this includes the information you may receive from your holy spirit-life in a specific situation or circumstance)…

  • living-peaceably (keeping peace, tranquil harmony, tranquility, peaceful wholeness, without any strife or disagreement)
  • in company and association with all men (everyone – this does not mean that you should be a "doormat" whereby everybody walks all over you, allowing them to stop you from doing what God says – but this means that you do all you can on your part so as to live peaceably with all men),
  • not avenging yourselves (carrying-out vengeance, revenge on your own behalf, executing right/justice for yourselves),

…loved-people (beloved, truly you are loved by God and by myself with God’s kind of love)…

  • but contrary to avenging yourselves (taking things into your own hands being your own executor of that-which is right),
  • you must give a place to/for the wrath (willingly present a location, a spot-to-be-present to the wrath, give the wrath its occasion, its position to be implemented relative to your situation – in this context referring to the wrath that you have towards those who performed something bad against you),
  • for it was written and continues written (refer to Deuteronomy 32:35; Proverbs 25:21 and 22),
    • "With Me is vengeance (the execution of right/justice is for Me to carry-out, revenge is by Me, I will execute justice),
    • emphatically I will repay (I Myself will give back what is due in-place-of, instead-of what was received, I will requite),"
    • says the Lord (affirming this statement, referring to God and emphasizing His covenant-relationship with His people).

Hebrews 10:30 - God will repay.

Hebrews 10:30:

.30For we knew2 the (One) having said, “With Me (is) vengeance, I will repay,” and again, “(The) Lord will judge His people.”

In truth, we knew and continue to know (perceive, see) the One Who said…

  • “With Me is vengeance (the execution of right/justice is for Me to carry-out, revenge is by Me, I will execute justice),
  • I will repay (I Myself will give back what is due in-place-of, instead-of what was received, I will requite),”

…and again…

  • “The Lord (referring to God emphasizing His covenant relationship)
  • will judge (make His decision passing sentence regarding)
  • His people.”

God is presently and actively living and He is the One Who will exercise His authority and power on His people who do not obey what He says. Those who are not His people will receive their second and last death as recorded in Revelation chapter 20.

Revelation Chapter 20 - resurrections and judgments at a future time.

Revelation 20:4:

.4And I saw thrones and they sat-down on them and judgment was given to them - even the souls of the (people) having been beheaded2 because-of the witness of Jesus and because-of the word of God, and the-people-who did not worship the wild-animal nor its image and did not receive the character-mark on their forehead and on the hand - and they lived and reigned-as-kings with the Christ a thousand years;

John perceived...

  • thrones (a "throne" is the high seat designated for a king and so it would include all the regal authority associated with that position)
  • and they sat down on these thrones

...and judgment was given to them (the pronounced decision, the sentence passed, the decision made or arrived-at issuing from the judging process - they receive their judgment by God via the Lord Jesus Christ as to how they lived their lives when they were alive prior to their deaths; the judgment given to them is that they will sit on thrones and reign as kings with the Lord Jesus Christ on the earth for 1,000 years)...

... - who are these people on the thrones? - ...

  • even the souls of the people who were beheaded and this fact does not change (the word "soul" refers to the life of their physical bodies which was evidenced by breathing when they were alive before their death; it was their soul/breath life that allowed them to move and work and shout, etc, while they were living in the physical category; John writes "souls" and not "spirits" because these people at that time will not have received their new spiritual bodies yet but they are resurrected to have the same body/soul life that they had prior to their deaths - referring here to those who were executed, had their heads cut off with an axe or hatchet)
    • on account of the witness of/from Jesus (the attestation pertaining-to and proceeding-from him)
    • and on account of the word of/from God (the spoken-account of God's inner thoughts),
  • and including the people who were alive at that time
    • who did not worship the wild-animal nor its image (they did not pay homage to, were not obeisant towards the first wild-animal nor its icon, resemblance, representation)
    • and who did not receive the character-mark (something that has been marked, impressed, the resulting mark made by the marker; refer to Revelation 13:15-17)
      • on their forehead and on the hand -

... - and they lived (were alive) and reigned as kings (exercising the kingship given to them at that future time on earth) in company and association with the Christ for a thousand years (during the 1,000 years when the dragon is bound as detailed in verses 1-3).

Verses 7-10:

.7And whenever the thousand years may be completed satan will be loosened out-from his prison, .8and he will go-out to cause the nations to-wander, the (nations) in the four corners of the earth, Gog and Magog, to gather them together into the war, of whom their number as the sand of the sea, .9and they ascended on the width of the earth and they circled the enclosure of the holy-people and the city, the (city) having been loved1,2 - and fire descended out-from heaven and devoured them - .10and the devil, the (one) causing them to-wander, was thrown into the lake of the fire and sulfur, where also the wild-animal and the lying-prophet (were thrown), and they will be tormented day and night into the ages of the ages.

In verse 10 John writes that...

  • the devil, emphatically and specifically the one causing people from all nations to wander,
  • was cast into the lake of the fire and sulfur (the lake's contents being burned in/by sulphur, with its odor as following a lightning strike, burning stone, brimstone - the unquenchable fire which will burn all those against God),
  • where also the wild-animal and the lying-prophet were cast (refer to Revelation 19:20 - these 2 wild-animals will never exit because they will be completely destroyed by the lake of the fire and sulfur),
  • and they will be tormented (like a touchstone that is being rubbed against by other things testing it and thereby causing marks, forced pains, tortures to them)
    • for a period of time spanning
    • day and night (all 24 hours - without any stop, break, or interval)
    • into the ages of the ages (for the durations of lifetimes for/throughout the durations of lifetimes - emphatically this will not change until everything associated with the devil's spirit realm, including the devil and his devil-spirits and his 2 wild-animals, will be completely destroyed at the time of Revelation 20:15 when the last age of their existence will end permanently).

When the dragon (devil, snake, satan) is released out from his imprisonment in the abyss after the 1,000 years, all of the devil-spirits (demons) in his "army" will be released out from there also, including those evil spirits which were put into this prison previously (refer to I Peter 3:19, II Peter 2:4, and Jude 1:6 and 7).

When the dragon is thrown into the lake of the fire of the sulfur - all of the evil spirits will be thrown into it also and their final end will occur in this lake and they will be destroyed permanently thus receiving the implementation of their final judgment (refer to Genesis 3:15 and Matthew 25:41).

Verses 11-15:

.11And I saw a great white throne and the (One) sitting-down on it, from Whose face the earth and the heaven fled and a place was not found for them. .12And I saw the dead-people, the great and the little (dead-people), having stood2 before the throne - and books were opened, and another book was opened which is (the book) of the life - and the dead-people were judged out-from the-things having been written2 in the books according to their works; .13and the sea gave the dead-people, the (dead-people) in it; and the death and the gravedom gave the dead-people, the (dead-people) in them; and they were judged, each-person, according to their works; .14and the death and the gravedom were thrown into the lake of the fire; this is the death, the second (death) - the lake of the fire; .15and if someone was not found having been written2 in the book of the life he was thrown into the lake of the fire.

Verse 11 communicates the importance of this final judgment on earth which the Lord Jesus Christ will implement on God's behalf. God Himself will not descend to live with mankind until after the new heaven and the new earth will be created (refer to Revelation 21:1-4 and following). 

In verse 12 John writes that...

  • the dead-people were judged (decisions were made regarding these people who had previously died but were made alive again to receive the consequences of their behavior, the implementation of final judgment on them)
  • originating from the things which were written and continue written (the records remain written)
  • in the books (all of the books including the book of the life)
    • in accordance with their works (in conformity and proportion to/with their deeds, the effects produced with/by their actions expending their energy during the time when they were alive and living their lives prior to their death);
  • and the sea gave the dead-people up from it to receive their final judgment,
    • emphatically and specifically the dead-people who were in it (those who had died at sea or their dead bodies were put into it after their death);
  • and the death (the end of life, the point of dying, being without life; "the death" refers to lacking God's life which is holy spirit-life - here referring to the cause with its effect on people resulting in their death)
  • and the gravedom (the continuing state of death, of being dead - here referring to the continuing result on people who had previously died, staying dead, remaining dead from the time that they died since Abel's death after the fall of the first man Adam; refer to Genesis 4:8; Matthew 23:35)
    • gave the dead-people up from them to receive their final judgment, emphatically and specifically the dead-people who were in them (refer to Revelation 1:18);
  • and they were judged, each-person (each one of them was judged), 
    • according to their works (as verse 12 above);
  • and the death and the gravedom (as verse 13 above)
    • were cast into the lake of the fire (as verse 10 above; refer also to I Corinthians 15:26 and Revelation 21:4 and 8);
  • this is the death,
    • emphatically and specifically the second death (the second end of life for those who had previously died and were raised again for their final judgment and they receive their last, final end of life, their complete destruction - here referring to the final death which will be the point of dying permanently for all who reject God and the Lord Jesus Christ) -
      • which takes place inside of the lake of the fire (what is put into the lake of fire is burned until it is destroyed forever);
  • and if someone was not found having been written and continuing written in the book of the life (the written record of the life)
    • he was cast into the lake of the fire (this one receives the second death, complete destruction by burning in the lake of the fire).

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