This article covers many aspects of judgments and rewards referenced in the Bible. The translation and studies provided below are taken from the True Bible Study (TBS) series of books.
Romans chapter 2 - includes information about God's judgment and rewards.
.2But we knew2 that the judgment of God is according to truth on the (people) practicing the-things-of-this-kind.
Paul and the holy-people with him at that time knew and continued to know (perceive, see) that…
God’s judgment is according to God’s truth.
.3But do you calculate this, oh man, the (person) judging the (people) practicing the-things-of-this-kind and doing them, that you will escape the judgment of God?
…calculate (reckon, count, compute) this - that emphatically you will escape (flee out from) the judgment of God?
A person is not "stuck" or "destined" or "physically-made" to behave in such a bad manner – because the only true God has given mankind His Word which makes known His benevolence which leads a person to change his/her own mind. God does not and will not force or control a person to make him/her believe His Word and to behave in a manner which is in accordance with His will. God shows His grace and benevolence in-that He makes-known how these people can get out of what they are in – they can stop doing these bad things if they want to.
Verses 5 and 6:
.5But according to your hardness and unrepentant heart you treasure to yourself wrath in (the) day of wrath and revelation of (the) righteous-judgment of God – .6“Who will give-away to each-person according to his works”:
In verse 5 Paul writes that it is in accordance with your…
…that you treasure wrath to yourself (you store up wrath, lay it in store for yourself, as in a thesaurus, in-storage) ready for you to receive during the day (the period of time) of…
The "wrath" here refers to the wrath of God which is lasting angry vengeance, like the heat of a burning-fire. This is not a spur-of-the-moment thing on God's part because He has foretold regarding the consequences of unbelief and rejection of His Word including the promised seed, the savior, all through the ages since Genesis 3:15.
All holy-people (Christians) are already spiritually rescued out-from this coming wrath. At a future time it will definitely arrive after all holy-people will have been gathered together by the Lord Jesus Christ at which time we will be given new spiritual bodies. We will not be subjected to the wrath because it will not occur until after Christ comes and gathers the church of holy-people together with him.
Verses 7 and 8:
.7indeed to the (people) seeking-after glory and honor and incorruption according to patient-endurance of good work – eternal life, .8but to the (people) from work-for-ambitious-purposes and being un-persuaded by the truth but being persuaded by unrighteousness – wrath and rage;
God will give-away indeed on the one hand…
BUT on the other hand…
.16in (the) day when God judges the hidden-things of men according to my good-message by means of Christ Jesus.
In verse 16 Paul writes that during the day when God judges (makes His decision on/regarding) the things which are hidden (concealed from view, cryptic to/from other people) pertaining to men (belonging to and emanating from any of mankind) - God will judge…
…by means of (through) Christ Jesus.
Romans 3:4 - God remains righteous in His judgment.
Romans 3:3 and 4:
.3For what if some-people disbelieved, their unbelief will not render-ineffective the belief of God, will it? – (no) – .4may it not become! But God must become (the) True-One, but every man a liar, according as it was written2, "So-that ever You may be made-righteous in Your words and You will be-victorious in Your judging."
Since it is a fact that God made known His declared-words to mankind, the question may be posed:
But, even if some people did not believe what God entrusted to them, God must presently continue becoming the One Who is true (being and having the essential reality, inherent verity; He must keep coming to pass to be true in all of His words and actions).
But on the other hand, every man (all, every one of mankind who does not believe what God says) must become a liar (a person who speaks and lives lies, falsehoods; this man must be shown as being a false person, a falsifier).
This is just as what was previously written in the old covenant writings (refer to Psalm 51:4)…
Acts 17:31 - God will judge by means of the resurrected Christ in righteousness.
Acts 17:30 and 31:
.30Therefore indeed, having looked-over the times of the lack-of-knowledge, God now charges the-things to men: all-people everywhere to repent – .31as-because He caused a day to-stand in which He is about to judge the inhabited-area in righteousness in an adult-male whom He marked-out-definitely, having presented belief to all-people, having resurrected him out-from dead-people."
In these verses Paul says, "Therefore indeed, having looked down on the chronological times of mankind's lack of personal knowledge (being unknowing, their ignorance, unawareness of God)...
…as for the fact that God has caused a day to stand (we are living in the period of time) during which He is on the point of judging the inhabited-area (He is on the verge of making His decision, He is about to pronounce His sentence on the inhabitants in the dwelled-in parts of the world)…
I Corinthians 4:4 and 5 - the Lord Jesus Christ judges now and in the future.
I Corinthians 4:4 and 5:
.4...but the (one) judging me up is Lord; .5so-that you must not judge something before time until ever the Lord may come who also will lighten the hidden-things of the darkness and he will manifest the deliberate-determinations of the hearts, and then the praise will become to each-person from God.
Paul writes that the one who is presently and actively judging him up (carefully examining or investigating him) is Lord. His master in both the spirit category and the walk (behavior, conduct) category was the Lord Jesus Christ - nobody or nothing else, not even himself.
The truth regarding every holy-person is that we are judged in/by the Lord Jesus Christ who has already paid the price on our behalf for our redemption and salvation. Therefore we have already been judged spiritually and the pronounced sentence is that we are righteous (justified). Any judgments based on any other viewpoint are null and void for each and every holy-person (Christian) in the spirit category because we are sons of the only true God.
However, in the walk category (which includes our behavior, conduct, our service and state of fellowship with God and our Lord Jesus Christ and one-another) – it is by the freedom of will of each holy-person whether he lives his everyday life in accordance with God's Word or not (refer to II Corinthians 5:10).
Paul continues: …with the consequence and result that you must not judge something (do not make a decision in judgment, pronounce sentence about anything in this context) before time (prior-to, in advance of the specific season or period of time of the final judgment)…
And then (at that time) the praise will become to each person from God (the applause, the acclaim of/towards each individual will come into being, come to pass, from God).
II Timothy 4:1 - Christ Jesus is about to judge all people.
II Timothy 4:1:
4:1I throughly-witness before God and Christ Jesus the (one) being about to judge (people) living and dead-people (at) his shining-light and his kingdom –
Paul writes: I bear complete witness in the sight and presence of…
I Corinthians 11:29, 31 and 32 - bad behavior brings judgment today for holy-people.
I Corinthians 11:28-30:
.28But a man must prove himself and thus he must eat out-from the bread and he must drink out-from the cup, .29for the (person) eating and drinking not throughly-judging the body eats and drinks judgment to himself – .30because-of-this many-people among you (are) weak and sickly and sufficient-people sleep.
It is imperative that a man (a member of mankind, a human-being who is a holy-person, a Christian)…
This is the implementation of the temporary judgment in the physical category against those holy-people who do not eat and drink together as the Lord Jesus Christ instructed.
Spiritually every holy-person remains a limb (member) of the one spiritual body of Christ because his holy spirit-life cannot be lost from him as he lives his everyday life. It is only in the physical/flesh category that he can leave himself open to that-which is less than what God would want every holy-person to manifest and live every day of our lives.
When a person who has received the gift of holy spirit dies – his/her holy spirit-life goes back to God and the Lord Jesus Christ because that is where it came from in the first place; then that person physically dies – breathes the last breath, and the body goes back to the dust of the ground. This state of death is called “sleep” from God's and the Lord Jesus Christ's point of view because it is a temporary state and not a permanent condition for any holy-person (Christian) who dies before Christ comes to gather all the church of holy-people together with him. That dead person remains dead until he/she is raised up alive at the future gathering time. For more information regarding this subject, you may read I Corinthians chapter 15.
Verses 31 and 32:
.31But if we used-to throughly-judge ourselves we used-to not ever be judged, .32but being judged by (the) Lord we are trained in order that we may not be condemned together with the world.
Now Paul includes himself and all holy-people, not only those living in Corinth:
In truth, a decision could not ever be made regarding our behavior in relation to not throughly-judging the body of the Lord Jesus Christ when eating and drinking - because we had no part in it spiritually during that past time before we became holy-people – we could not share in it at all.
But at the present time we (holy-people) are being judged (a decision is being made regarding our behavior at our meetings or feasts)…
II Timothy 4:14 - bad behavior will bring appropriate judgments.
II Timothy 4:14 and 15:
.14Alexander the coppersmith pointed-out many bad-things to me – the Lord will give-away to him according to his works – .15whom also you must keep-watch for he very (much) stood-against our words.
Paul lets Timothy know that Alexander the coppersmith (one who works with brass, metals)…
I Peter 1:17 - God judges without favoritism.
I Peter 1:17-19:
.17And since you call-upon (the) Father to-yourselves, the (One) judging unreceptively-of-faces according to (the) work of each-person, in fear you must behave (during) the time of your sojourn, .18having known2 that you were not redeemed with corruptible-things, silver or gold, out-from your futile fathers’-traditional behavior .19but with (the) honorable blood of Christ as of a lamb without-blemish and spotless,
Peter writes that since/if you call upon the Father to yourselves (invite God our Father to yourselves by turning appealingly towards Him)…
…in fear you must behave (you must have your mode of living, your manner of moving-about, your way of turning-up during everyday living emphatically within the sphere of action of fright, being afraid at the consequences of the performance of any wrong behavior, exhibiting the awe and respect that ought to be shown towards God and the Lord Jesus Christ)…
…having known and you still know (perceive) that you were not redeemed (the ransom, expiation, atonement money, the payment necessary to loosen, release, free you, was not paid/made)…
…but on the contrary, you were redeemed…
Hebrews 13:4 - God will judge fornicators and adulterers.
.4Marriage (must be) honorable among all-people and the (marriage) bed (must be) unstained, for God will judge fornicators and adulterers.
Marriage (the union binding a man and a woman together as husband and wife) must be honorable (should be esteemed of value, held in honor, deemed of worthy price, prized) in or among all holy-people…
In truth, God will judge (make His decision passing sentence regarding)…
James 5:9 - be patient because the Lord will judge.
.7Therefore you must be patient, brothers, until the presence of the Lord. Look!, the tiller waits-for the honorable fruit of the earth, being patient on it until it may receive early-rain and late-rain; .8also you must be patient, you must set your hearts fast because the presence of the Lord came-near2. .9You must not groan against one-another, brothers, in order that you may not be judged. Look!, the judge stood2 before the doors.
James writes that since there will be a judgment (refer to James 4:12), you must be patient (be long-suffering, long-tempered, have long-forbearance), brothers…
Look (behold, see, pay attention)!, the tiller (the cultivator, husbandman, the one who tills the soil preparing the garden making it ready for the plants to bear fruit)…
Also emphatically you must be patient (just like the tiller in the example above), you must set your hearts fast (fix the center or core or your beings, the seat of your personal selves and living, firmly)...
You must not groan against one-another (don’t sigh in distress downwards against each another), brothers…
Look (behold, see, pay attention)!, the judge (the presiding-judge, the one making decisions) stood and is still standing in front of the doors (at the points of entry and access, the entrance).
Hebrews 10:35 - great compensation payment is available.
Hebrews 10:35 and 36:
.35Therefore let you not throw-away your boldness, the-one-which has a great compensation-payment, .36for you have need of patient-endurance in order that having done the intention of God you may bring-to-yourselves the promise,
Paul writes: let you not cast away your boldness (freedom, frankness and openness)...
The only way that a holy-person could throw away his/her boldness is in the walk (behavior, conduct) category – not the holy spirit category.
In truth, you have need of patient-endurance (you have a necessity due to lack because of not having what you need for your use, your need is the bearing-up, holding, enduring and remaining upwards or upright relative-to God and the things of God under any obstacles)...
The “promise” refers to the effective fullness of the proclamation, the declaration of the message of God’s intention; refer to Hebrews 4:1, 6:12-20, 7:6, 8:6, 9:15, and 11:9-17.
Hebrews 11:6 - God is the compensation payer.
.6But without belief (a person is) not-able to well-please; for it is necessary (for) the (person) coming-towards God to believe that He is and He becomes (the) compensation-payer to the (people) seeking Him out.
Without belief (apart-from the information that God makes known to a person to have confidence-in with assured certainty and surety)...
It is not possible to well-please God without His belief. There is no capability for a person to please God well when that person does not have God’s belief.
How does a person receive God’s belief in order to be able to well-please God?
In truth, it is necessary (it is binding, an obligation, it must or ought-to happen) for the person coming (going) towards God to believe that…
In order for a person to obtain God’s belief regarding a specific situation or circumstance, that person must first come towards God believing (having faith, trusting) that God is and that God becomes the compensation-payer to the people seeking Him out.
I Corinthians 3:8 and 14 - each holy-person to receive compensation.
I Corinthians 3:8:
.8and the (person) planting and the (person) giving-to-drink are one, but each-person will receive (his) own compensation according to (his) own labor,
Paul writes that each-person (here referring to Paul and Apollos individually)...
.13the work of each-person will become manifest for the day will make (it) clear because it is revealed in fire and the fire will prove what-kind the work of each-person is: .14if the work of someone will remain which he built-on (the foundation) he will receive a compensation, .15if the work of someone will be burned-down he will be caused-to-receive-loss but he will be saved, and thus as by means of fire.
In verse 13 Paul writes that the work of each person will become manifest (what each person wrought, the effect produced with/by each individual having acted expending his energy – the quality of the work will come to pass to be evident, brought to light, shown-forth)…
I Timothy 5:18 - the worker is worthy of his compensation.
I Timothy 5:17 and 18:
.17The elders beautifully having stood-before2 (others) must be esteemed-worthy of double honor, especially the (elders) laboring in word and teaching, .18for the writing says, “You will not muzzle the ox threshing,” and, “The worker (is) worthy of his compensation.”
God's people were to make sure that they did not cause the ox that is treading out grain for them to be unable to partake of what it is treading out. The animal must be allowed to share by eating the amount of grain which it needs as food for sustenance while obeying and carrying out its master's will.
Also Paul writes that it is written in the writing:
The amount of work that the worker works should be equally balanced on scales with the amount of compensation given to him as payment for that work.
II John 1:8 - receive full compensation for work done.
II John 1:8:
.8You must observe yourselves in order that you may not destroy the-things-which we worked but you may receive full compensation.
You must observe yourselves (be mentally-aware and contemplate yourselves, look at what you are doing, even though you may not physically see anything with your physical eyes – in other words, be spiritually observant relying on the holy spirit within you) for the purpose and result that…
We should recognize and understand that we (holy-people, Christians) cannot lose salvation. The gift of holy spirit (which is the spirit of Christ in us) cannot be taken away from us, we cannot lose it, and therefore we most definitely are saved in the spirit category to God, plus we will be part of the gathering-together when Christ comes for all holy-people.
But – we will not receive any compensation associated with works that we do if those works do not agree with God’s will. No compensation will be given from God or from Christ for actions that we perform against God and His son Jesus Christ (refer to I Corinthians 3:8-15 and II Corinthians 5:10).
Romans 8:1 - there is no condemning sentence to people in Christ.
Romans 8:1 and 2:
8:1Consequently now (there is) not-one condemning-sentence to the (people) in Christ Jesus, .2for the law of the spirit of the life in Christ Jesus freed you away-from the law of the sin and the death.
Paul writes that in correspondence to what is previously written in this letter, at the present time there is…
…for (in truth)…
The law of the sin and the death is not referring to the law of Moses itself. Paul has already written that the law of Moses indeed is holy and the commandment contained in that law is holy and righteous and good (refer to Romans 7:11 and 12). But the law of the sin and the death is referring to the law being administered by the devil/satan – sin against the only true God and therefore will result in complete death.
II Timothy 4:8 - the crown of the righteousness at the judgment-seat of Christ.
II Timothy 4:7 and 8:
.7I contested2 the beautiful contest, I completed2 the race, I kept2 the belief; .8as-to-the-rest the crown of the righteousness is laid-away for me which the Lord, the righteous judge will give-away to me in that day, but not only to me but also to all the (people) having loved1,2 his shining-light.
At the time when Paul was writing this letter, he was imprisoned in Rome again, and he had received information from God or from the Lord Jesus Christ regarding the fact that he would die shortly. He knew that he would die before Christ’s coming. Paul writes in verse 8:
“That day” refers here to the time-period that begins the moment when the Lord Jesus Christ will come to gather Paul and all holy-people together with him in the air, and he will give to each of us at his judgment seat the appropriate rewards, assignments, etc, depending upon what we did for him whether good or bad during our everyday lives being holy-people, and we will remain with him from that time forward.
Romans 14:10 - the judgment-seat of Christ.
.10But you, why do you judge your brother, or also you, why do you despise your brother? For we will all present-ourselves to the judgment-seat of Christ, .11for it was written2, "I live, says (the) Lord, that every knee will bend to Me and every tongue will expressly-agree with God" - .12consequently each of us will give a word concerning himself.
Paul writes the questions in verse 10 in the singular form - not that they are addressed to any particular holy-person (Christian) among those in Rome, nor to imply that every single one of them was doing this - but each of them must consider his/her behavior to check if it is in alignment with God's will.
Paul does not write a direct answer to these questions, nor does he look for a defense from the readers, but instead he writes:
Paul continues in verse 12:
As a consequence to what God has already revealed regarding a future time-period, we will give an account of/for our walk, our behavior, our conduct during the everyday living of our lives while we await Christ's coming to be present when he will gather us all together with him. It is after the gathering-together that we will stand before the judgment-seat of Christ.
Because we are holy-people, God by means of the Lord Jesus Christ will not judge us as to whether we are or are-not righteous (justified) - because we have already been judged in Christ and found to be righteous - we are justified spiritually. Our spiritual relationship and standing is that God is our Father and we are His children, plus the Lord Jesus Christ is our Lord and brother - this spiritual relationship cannot change.
The only relationship that can fluctuate is our fellowship, our walk, our behavior, our conduct - corresponding to whether we carry-out God's will as we live our everyday lives or not!
II Corinthians 5:10 - the judgment-seat of Christ.
II Corinthians 5:10:
.10for it is necessary (for) us all to be manifested in-front-of the judgment-seat of Christ in order that each-person may bring-to-himself (his) own-things of the body towards the-things-which he practiced, whether good or bad.
Paul writes that in truth…
Christ will do the judging, the decision-making regarding those in front of him, in accordance with God's will because God has given all judgment to His son.
This tribunal will not be to determine whether the holy-person is righteous before God or not, because that has already been determined (all holy-people are righteous) – but the Lord Jesus Christ will address the assembly in front of him…
Each holy-person brings to himself at that future time what is deemed by Christ to correspond to those things which that holy-person was accomplishing during his everyday living of life, from the moment of receiving the gift of holy spirit to the moment when Christ gathers us together - whether good or whether bad from Christ’s point of view which also is God’s point of view.
Christ will be arranging his kingdom and therefore deciding who will do what for him as God puts all things in subjection via Christ (refer to I Corinthians 15:23-28). Christ will place us in the proper arrangement so as to carry out what God asks him to carry-out. Christ will assign certain tasks to certain individuals at that time.
Every holy-person will be with the Lord Jesus Christ but every holy-person will not be assigned the same duties when Christ is arranging his kingdom. The “duty-roster” will depend upon whether the individual holy-person practiced good (that-which issues from God) for/towards God and the Lord Jesus Christ, or whether he practiced bad (that-which does not issue from God) against God and the Lord Jesus Christ - since the time that he became a holy-person (a Christian).
II Thessalonians 1:5 and 6 - God's judgment is righteous via the Lord Jesus Christ.
II Thessalonians 1:5-10:
.5(which is the) pointing-out of the righteous judgment of God with-a-view-for you to be-esteemed-worthy of the kingdom of God on behalf of which also you suffer, .6since-indeed (it is) righteous with God to repay pressure to the (ones) pressuring you, .7and to you, the (people) being pressured, relief with us in the revelation of the Lord Jesus from heaven with his able angels .8in flame of fire giving vengeance to the (ones) not having known2 God and to the (ones) not obeying the good-message of our Lord Jesus, .9the-ones-who will pay right: agelong destruction away-from (the) face of the Lord and away-from the glory of his strength, .10whenever he may come to be in-glorified in his holy-people, even to be marveled-at among all the (people) having believed because our witness on you was believed, in that day,
With reference to what Paul wrote in verses 3 and 4 regarding the Thessalonian holy-people's belief and patient endurance and holding themselves up during persecutions and pressures - that is…
You holy-people who are presently being pressured will be given relief with us (myself and those with me) in the revelation of the Lord Jesus from heaven with his able angels…
Those not having known and continuing not knowing God and those not obeying the good-message of our Lord Jesus are the ones…
This will occur at whatever time (we don't know the time but we know this time will definitely arrive – the time when)...
In Paul's first letter to these Thessalonian holy-people, he taught them that all the holy-people will first be united together with the Lord Jesus Christ (refer to I Thessalonians 4:13-17) and we will from that moment onwards forever be with him.
Therefore, following that event, when the Lord from heaven is revealed with his able angels we holy-people – having by that time already received our new spiritual bodies and rewards (refer to I Corinthians chapter 15 and II Corinthians 5:10) – will be together with him helping our Lord Jesus Christ. We will not be suffering persecutions and pressures at that time – we will have relief.
It is "in that day" that God by means of the Lord Jesus Christ will repay those pressuring the Thessalonian holy-people, and this also includes all holy-people, with pressure. That is the day, which will span a certain length of time, when those rejecting what God says regarding Himself and His son, the Lord Jesus Christ, will pay the right penalty. That is the day of the wrath of God which God has foretold so that there will be no just or legal excuse that can be made by any person or by any spirit in that day against what God will do by means of the Lord Jesus Christ.
Galatians 5:10 - those who disturb holy-people will lift-up their judgment.
.10I was persuaded2 into you in (the) Lord that you will think nothing other, but the (person) disturbing you will lift-up the judgment, he-whom if-ever he may be.
Paul tells the Galatian holy-people:
…but the person who is presently disturbing you (stirring you up, agitating you, just like a normally calm pool of water is agitated and moves when something else is thrown into it breaking through its surface and causing a rippling effect over the whole pool)…
All holy-people (the true Christians of today) will receive new spiritual bodies like the Lord Jesus Christ and we will receive our judgment (refer to Romans 14:10; I Corinthians 15:35-58; II Corinthians 5:10; Philippians 3:20 and 21; II Timothy 2:12; Revelation 1:6).
All others will receive their judgment as recorded in Revelation chapter 20.
II Peter 3:7 - the day of judgment and destruction.
II Peter 3:7:
.7but now the heavens and the earth with the same word are having been treasured2 being kept into (the) day of judgment and destruction of not-reverential men with fire.
Peter writes that at the present time the heavens and the earth with/by the same word (the word of God) are...
Romans 12:19 - God will repay.
Romans 12:18 and 19:
.18If able (with) the (ability) out-from you living-peaceably with all men, .19not avenging yourselves, loved-people1, but you must give a place to the wrath, for it was written2, "With Me (is) vengeance, I will repay," says (the) Lord,
If you have the ability (able-power, capability, if it is possible) during the everyday living of your lives with/by/from the ability out-from you (from the center of your beings outwards in evidence; this includes the information you may receive from your holy spirit-life in a specific situation or circumstance)…
…loved-people (beloved, truly you are loved by God and by myself with God’s kind of love)…
Hebrews 10:30 - God will repay.
.30For we knew2 the (One) having said, “With Me (is) vengeance, I will repay,” and again, “(The) Lord will judge His people.”
In truth, we knew and continue to know (perceive, see) the One Who said…
God is presently and actively living and He is the One Who will exercise His authority and power on His people who do not obey what He says. Those who are not His people will receive their second and last death as recorded in Revelation chapter 20.
Revelation Chapter 20 - resurrections and judgments at a future time.
.4And I saw thrones and they sat-down on them and judgment was given to them - even the souls of the (people) having been beheaded2 because-of the witness of Jesus and because-of the word of God, and the-people-who did not worship the wild-animal nor its image and did not receive the character-mark on their forehead and on the hand - and they lived and reigned-as-kings with the Christ a thousand years;
...and judgment was given to them (the pronounced decision, the sentence passed, the decision made or arrived-at issuing from the judging process - they receive their judgment by God via the Lord Jesus Christ as to how they lived their lives when they were alive prior to their deaths; the judgment given to them is that they will sit on thrones and reign as kings with the Lord Jesus Christ on the earth for 1,000 years)...
... - who are these people on the thrones? - ...
... - and they lived (were alive) and reigned as kings (exercising the kingship given to them at that future time on earth) in company and association with the Christ for a thousand years (during the 1,000 years when the dragon is bound as detailed in verses 1-3).
.7And whenever the thousand years may be completed satan will be loosened out-from his prison, .8and he will go-out to cause the nations to-wander, the (nations) in the four corners of the earth, Gog and Magog, to gather them together into the war, of whom their number as the sand of the sea, .9and they ascended on the width of the earth and they circled the enclosure of the holy-people and the city, the (city) having been loved1,2 - and fire descended out-from heaven and devoured them - .10and the devil, the (one) causing them to-wander, was thrown into the lake of the fire and sulfur, where also the wild-animal and the lying-prophet (were thrown), and they will be tormented day and night into the ages of the ages.
In verse 10 John writes that...
When the dragon (devil, snake, satan) is released out from his imprisonment in the abyss after the 1,000 years, all of the devil-spirits (demons) in his "army" will be released out from there also, including those evil spirits which were put into this prison previously (refer to I Peter 3:19, II Peter 2:4, and Jude 1:6 and 7).
When the dragon is thrown into the lake of the fire of the sulfur - all of the evil spirits will be thrown into it also and their final end will occur in this lake and they will be destroyed permanently thus receiving the implementation of their final judgment (refer to Genesis 3:15 and Matthew 25:41).
.11And I saw a great white throne and the (One) sitting-down on it, from Whose face the earth and the heaven fled and a place was not found for them. .12And I saw the dead-people, the great and the little (dead-people), having stood2 before the throne - and books were opened, and another book was opened which is (the book) of the life - and the dead-people were judged out-from the-things having been written2 in the books according to their works; .13and the sea gave the dead-people, the (dead-people) in it; and the death and the gravedom gave the dead-people, the (dead-people) in them; and they were judged, each-person, according to their works; .14and the death and the gravedom were thrown into the lake of the fire; this is the death, the second (death) - the lake of the fire; .15and if someone was not found having been written2 in the book of the life he was thrown into the lake of the fire.
Verse 11 communicates the importance of this final judgment on earth which the Lord Jesus Christ will implement on God's behalf. God Himself will not descend to live with mankind until after the new heaven and the new earth will be created (refer to Revelation 21:1-4 and following).
In verse 12 John writes that...
Additional information video links: