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Prayer

Holy-people (true Christians - people who have already received the gift of holy spirit) can pray in two different ways:
  1. prayer with our understanding mind -
    • which is praying to God in a language that you know and speak and can understand the words that you are saying to God because you are deciding in your own mind what words you are saying;
  2. and prayer with/in spirit -

The English words "to pray" and "prayer" are translated from various Greek words. 

This article takes a look at the following Greek words concerning Prayer, and it provides verses and study material from the True Bible Study (TBS) translation and studies.

Greek WordsTBS TranslationTBS Explanation
Noun:
euche
(vowed) prayerthe open expression of a prayerful wish or desire of commitment as a vow towards God
Verb:
euchomai
to prayto express your prayerful wish or desire of your commitment as a vow towards God
Noun:
proseuche
prayercommunication to/with God, general speaking towards God
Verb:
proseuchomai
to prayto communicate to/with God, to speak generally towards God
Noun:
deesis
supplicationspecific communication of prayer, beseeching God regarding some lack and thus having a specific need in a particular situation or circumstance, the making known of the needful request to God
Verb:
deomai
to supplicateto express a lack of something specific to God and the need of help, to beseech or request help from God to provide this needful-thing, to communicate the needful request to God
Noun:
enteuxis
intercessionmeeting and talking with God
Verb:
huperentugchano
to intercede-on-behalf-ofto meet and talk with God in the interests of

Matthew 21:22 - noun: proseuche

Matthew 21:18-22:
.18But early having led-back into the city he hungered .19and having seen one fig-tree on the way he came on it and found nothing in it except leaves only, and he says to it, “Let fruit no-longer come-into-being out-from you into the age,” and with-that the fig-tree was dried. .20And the learning-disciples having seen marveled saying, “How was the fig-tree dried with-that?”
.21But Jesus having answered said to them, “With-certainty I say to you, if-ever you may have belief and not be throughly-judged, you will not only do the-thing of the fig-tree but also if-ever you may say to this mountain, ‘You must be lifted and be thrown into the sea’ – it will come-to-pass; .22and all as-many-things-as ever you may ask in the prayer believing, you will receive.”

In this record Jesus returned into the city of Jerusalem from Bethany and he was hungry. He saw (perceived) one single fig-tree on the way/road within Jerusalem and he came to it and found nothing in it except leaves only.

The tree had leaves, which usually indicated that there would also be buds, but it had not produced any buds (to ripen into mature fruits at a later time). The buds would have been freely available to him to eat as he was passing by.

Jesus says to it, “Let (may) there not any longer become fruit from you for the present age” – and immediately the fig-tree was dried (caused to wither). This fig-tree withered right then (not overnight as the other one referenced in Mark 11:12-14 and 20-26).

When the learning-disciples saw (perceived what happened) they were astonished saying, “How (in what manner) was the fig-tree dried (withered) immediately following what you said to it?”

Jesus answered by saying to them…

  • “With-certainty (amen, surely, truly) I say to you:
  • if at any time you would have belief (have the information that God makes known to people to have confidence-in with assured certainty and surety)
    • and not be throughly-judged (whereby a decision would be made by God regarding you separating or differentiating you as being away-from belief and therefore not having belief, not holding it),
  • you will not only do the-thing of the fig-tree (you will not alone perform what I have done regarding this fig-tree)
    • but on the contrary in addition if it should happen that you would say to this mountain,
      • ‘You must be lifted (be taken up and carried)
      • and be thrown (cast) into the sea’ –
    • it will come-to-pass (this event will happen, occur, come into being, it will become a reality);
  • and all things - what things? - as many things as there are that at any time you would ask
    • during your prayer (your communication to/with God, your general speaking towards God)
    • while you are believing (having faith, trusting - what? - the information that God makes known to you as specified in verse 21 - what God has previously said and what He says to you during your prayer regarding any specific circumstance or situation),
  • you will receive (you will take to yourselves what is given to you from/by God which will be all these things).”

I Timothy 2:1 - noun: deesis; and noun: proseuche; and noun: enteuxis

I Timothy 2:1 and 2:
2:1Therefore I encourage first of all to make supplications, prayers, intercessions, thankfulnesses on behalf of all men, .2on behalf of kings and all the (people) being in superiority, in order that we may lead a tranquil and quiet life in all reverence and reverential(-behavior).

Paul writes to Timothy: Therefore I encourage (exhort) in the first place that…

  • supplications (specific communications of prayer, making known the needful requests, beseeching God regarding lack and thus having specific needs),
  • prayers (communications to/with God, general speaking towards God),
  • intercessions (meetings and talks with God),
  • thankfulnesses (expressions of gratitude towards God)

…are made (produced, done, performed)…

  • on behalf of all men (in the interests of all of mankind),
  • on behalf of kings (including in the interests of sovereigns who currently have royal dominion and government and rule and territory and power)
  • and all the people being in superiority (all those presently being in the position of prominence or eminency, holding a position or rank which is over others, like a rock projection jutting-out above and beyond what is under it)

…for the purpose and result that...

  • we may lead (we holy-people would thoroughly conduct or convey the course/mode of our everyday living in a manner that is)
    • a tranquil (undisturbed from outside, no agitation caused by others)
    • and quiet (undisturbed from inside, tranquility from within and therefore causing no agitation or disturbance around you)
      • life
    • within the sphere of all/every
      • reverence (good service, service that is well, service towards God being respectfully reverential of Him)
      • and reverential-behavior (behaving in a manner having deference to God and all the things of God, which is deserving of reverence and respect from others towards you).

Romans 8:26 - verb: proseuchomai and huperentugchano

Romans 8:26 and 27:
.26But likewise also the spirit helps-together with our weakness, for we did not know2 what-thing we may pray according to that-which is necessary, but the spirit itself intercedes-on-behalf-of (us) with unutterable groanings, .27and the (One) searching the hearts knew2 what the thinking of the spirit (is) because it intercedes according to God on behalf of holy-people,

In this record Paul writes that the gift of holy spirit within every holy-person helps-together with our weakness. The spirit in us gives to us what it receives so as to use regarding our lack of strength. It renders the appropriate assistance in a specific circumstance. It takes hold of the matter of the infirmity that we have so as to provide us with support in each situation.

  • In truth, we did not know and continue not to know (perceive, see to the end of perceiving and knowing with our minds)
    • the thing that we should pray in accordance with that-which is necessary (as it ought to be prayed in each situation or circumstance; we don’t know what we should say in order to express and communicate as necessary to God our Father),
  • but contrary to us,
  • the spirit itself (the same spirit that is within us)
    • intercedes on behalf of us (meets and talks with God in our interests)
      • with unutterable groanings (groanings that cannot be spoken by us with the voice/sound of words; the holy spirit-life within us makes sighs in distress which cannot be expressed to us nor can they be expressed by us when we utter sounds with our voice using our physical fleshy organs of speech to speak words in any language),
  • and the One (God)
  • Who is searching the hearts (tracking or tracing the center or core of our beings)
    • knew and continues to know (perceives, sees to the end of perceiving and knowing with His mind)
      • what the thinking of the spirit is (the thoughts produced in/by the mind of the spirit within us)
    • because it intercedes in accordance with God (it meets and talks with God in conformity and proportion to/with God's will and purposes – it does not intercede according to man's way of thinking, but according to God's way of thinking)
      • on behalf of holy-people (in the interests of sanctified-people, saints – all of us Christians). 

Jude 1:20 - verb: proseuchomai

Jude 1:20 and 21:
.20But you, loved-people1, building yourselves on your holiest belief, praying in holy spirit, .21must keep yourselves in (the) love1 of God waiting-for the mercy of our Lord Jesus Christ into eternal life;

In verse 20 Jude writes to the holy-people:

  • But emphatically you,
    • loved-people (beloved, truly you are loved by God and by myself with God’s kind of love),
    • building yourselves on (being in the process of edifying yourselves in the walk/behavior category resting or based upon)
      • your holiest belief (this belief is the information that God has made known to us to have confidence-in, to believe, to have faith-in, to trust with assured certainty and surety; it is regarding the Lord Jesus Christ who is the foundation which was taught by his apostles – the belief that you have is sanctified, set-apart from what is common, defiled or unclean against God; it is the belief that corresponds to the essence of God – it is holy to the superlative degree, the most holy belief),
    • praying in holy spirit (communicating to/with God, speaking generally towards God within the sphere of action of the holy spirit-life within you, the spirit of Christ in you - which is speaking with tongues, as explained in chapters 12-14 of my study of I Corinthians),
  • must keep yourselves (keep an eye on yourselves, have yourselves in safekeeping, and therefore not neglecting or violating but able to watch-over, take-care-of, maintain, and be observant of one-another)
    • in the love of God (within the cause and sphere of action of God’s love)
  • waiting-for (being ready to accept when it will be presented to you at a future time)
    • the mercy of our Lord Jesus Christ (when he will give active-relief because of withholding merited judgment towards all holy-people at the time of his coming to gather us all together with him in the air)
      • resulting in eternal life.

All holy-people have received holy spirit-life within us, which is the spirit of Christ in us; it is the deposit, token, earnest of what we will receive at a future time. This holy spirit-life will remain for the duration of God's life which will not end. The full completeness for us will come to pass when our Lord Jesus Christ will come to gather all holy-people together with him giving us new spiritual bodies, the life of which will be holy spirit-life, like the body he has already received from God, his Father, when God raised him up alive from-among the dead-people.

Jude is teaching about the walk (behavior, conduct) category, how all holy-people ought to live our everyday lives in a safe state with/for God our Father and our Lord Jesus Christ.

I Corinthians 14:14 and 15 - verb (twice): proseuchomai

I Corinthians 14:14 and 15:
.14If-ever I may pray with a tongue my spirit prays but my mind is fruitless; .15therefore what is it? I will pray with the spirit but also I will pray with the mind; I will psalm with the spirit but also I will psalm with the mind.

In this record Paul uses himself as the example:

  • If I should pray (communicate to/with God) with a tongue
    • then it is definitely my holy spirit-life praying,
      • but during this kind of prayer my mind (mind-set, mental perception)
      • is fruitless (without fruit, unfruitful, lacking produce, without any results being produced because my mind does not know/understand the meaning of the words which I am willingly uttering-forth given to me by my holy spirit).

Logically following on from this, what does all this mean, what is it that I do in the church (assembly) of holy-people? Paul's answer:

  • I will pray with the spirit (words of a tongue which it gives to me that I do not understand and which I utter)
    • but also I will pray with the mind (words of my own language that I understand in my own fleshy mind-set and which I utter - referring to the interpretation of the tongue I've just prayed).
  • I will psalm with the spirit (words of a tongue which it gives to me that I do not understand and which I utter)
    • but also I will psalm with the mind (words of my own language that I understand in my own fleshy mind-set and which I utter - referring to the interpretation of the tongue I've just psalmed).

The Greek word transliterated into the English "psalm" refers to a song that is spoken in different tones while accompanied by a stringed instrument being touched, twanged, plucked, or played in commemoration of mercies received from God (when God withholds merited or deserved judgment from you). It is similar to how King David sang his psalms, which are recorded in what is known as the Book of Psalms.

Ephesians 6:18 - nouns: proseuche and deesis (twice); and verb: proseuchomai

Ephesians 6:14-18:
.14therefore you must stand having girded your loin around in truth, and having clothed-yourselves-with the breastplate of the righteousness, .15and having bound-under (your) feet in (the) preparation of the good-message of the peace, .16in all-things having taken-up the shield of the belief in which you will be able to quench all the missiles of the evil-one having been set-on-fire2, .17and you must accept the helmet of the salvation and the sword of the spirit, which is (the) spoken-matter of God, .18by means of all prayer and supplication praying in every time in spirit; and with-a-view-to (this) same-thing being sleepless in all strongness-towards and supplication concerning all the holy-people,

Verses 14-17 refers to six (6) pieces of armor of the full-armor of God, and we can read that it takes work and labor on our part to put-on and take-up and use these six pieces of armor.

Verse 18 provides details about the seventh (7) item, which is the spiritually-perfecting last piece. This is the part that is necessary in order for the six pieces of armor to be functional for every holy-person as we live our everyday lives awaiting Christ's coming to gather us all. 

Paul writes:

  • ...by means of (through)
    • all/every prayer (communication to/with God, the general speaking towards God)
    • and all/every supplication (specific communication of prayer, making known the needful request, beseeching God regarding a lack and thus having a specific need in the particular situation or circumstance)
  • you must be praying (communicating to/with God)
    • during all/every specific occasion
      • in spirit (within the sphere of action of your holy spirit-life).

Prayer in spirit is spiritual communication to/with God – we do this via our holy spirit-life - speaking with tongues (refer to I Corinthians chapters 12-14). This is what is necessary in order for us to utilize the full-armor of God.

Included in prayer in spirit is our being receptive to whatever God or the Lord Jesus Christ may want to communicate to us as the specific response(s) to our praying giving us the information of what to believe, to say, to know, etc, via our holy spirit-life during that particular situation or circumstance.

Paul continues:

  • ...and regarding this same thing (the thing-itself, which is praying every time in spirit),
    • you must be being sleepless (watching, spending many wakeful nights)
    • within all/every strongness (in perseverance, with constant attendance)
      • in motion towards
    • and supplication (making known of the needful request to God)
      • about (encircling, encompassing)
    • all the holy-people (every one of us, all of us who have received the gift of holy spirit and therefore are "holy" spiritually).

Acts 2:42 - noun: prosuche

Acts 2:42:
.42and they were being strong-with the teaching of the apostles and the sharing-in-common, the breaking of bread and the prayers,

The people who were added on the day of Pentecost to the twelve apostles were being strong (attending constantly, persevering or occupying themselves) with:

  • the teaching of the apostles (the authoritative instruction of the right doctrine regarding God and the things of God that the apostles were teaching them)
    • and the sharing-in-common (partaking of the same-thing, participation and communion with one-another of what is common to all),
  • the breaking of bread (eating together breaking the bread into pieces being shared among themselves)
    • and the prayers (their communications to/with God, the general speaking towards God).

Romans 12:12 - noun: proseuche

Romans 12:12 and 13:
.12joying with hope, patiently-enduring with pressure, being strong with prayer, .13sharing-in-common with the needs of the holy-people, pursuing the love-to-strangers.

All holy-people should behave in accordance with God’s intention (His will) during the everyday living of our lives. In verse 12 Paul includes:

  • joying (you must be joyful, rejoicing, the state of elation or enjoyment because of receiving something good ultimately from God)
    • with hope (with the expectation that God has promised us, what He gives us to expect to come to pass in the future, His firm-anticipation concerning future events – which includes the gathering-together of all holy-people by the Lord Jesus Christ, future glory, the new heaven and earth, etc),
  • patiently-enduring (you must be bearing-up, holding, enduring and remaining upright according to God and the things of God under any obstacles)
    • relative to pressure (that-which presses-upon or squeezes you, compression or stress that afflicts you, whether it be physical, mental or spiritual),
  • being strong (you must be attending constantly, persevering, continuing or occupying yourselves)
    • with prayer (in communication to/with God, the general speaking towards God)....

Colossians 4:2 - noun: proseuche; and verse 3 - verb: proseuchomai

Colossians 4:2-4:
.2You must be strong with prayer wakefully-watching in it in thankfulness, .3unitedly also praying concerning us in order that God may open to us a door of the word to utter-forth the mystery of the Christ, because-of which also I was bound2, .4in order that I may manifest it as it is necessary (for) me to utter-forth.

In this record Paul writes to the Colossian holy-people:

  • You (all of you)
    • must be strong with prayer (persevere, continue with constant attendance towards your communication to/with God, your general speaking towards God).
  • wakefully watching in it (being watchful, keeping awake during prayer, figuratively - have your eyes open, be spiritually alert and sensitive to what God wants you to know and do)
    • in thankfulness (within the expression of gratitude for the grace you have already received),
  • unitedly (in union together at the same time)
  • also you must be praying concerning us
    • for the purpose and result that
    • God would open (cause to stand open)
    • to/for us
    • a door of the word (referring to access, opportunity, admission pertaining to the spoken-account, a door pertaining to the word)
      • to utter-forth (speak)
      • the mystery of the Christ (the secret of the Anointed-one; refer to Colossians 1:26-2:3)
    • – on account of which mystery also I was bound and am still bound (tied, fastened) –
      • for the purpose and result that
      • I would manifest it (evidence it, bring it to light, show it forth)
      • as it is necessary for me to utter-forth (it is binding, an obligation - I ought to speak the mystery to others).

The Apostle Paul asked these Colossian holy-people to pray for himself and Timothy. He did not consider it an embarrassment to ask other holy-people to pray to God about himself and Timothy.

The word “mystery” throughout Paul’s letters means “secret.” A mystery contains the details that are known and can be understood by those involved in it and by those to whom it has been revealed – it is not inexplicable to those involved in it.

Paul and Timothy recognized that they needed God's help to open a door of the word so that they could speak the mystery of the Christ, which Paul has been teaching about in this letter. They wanted to do things God's way and allow Him to open a door - they were not going to do things their own way and force their way into certain areas without God's permission, etc.

Paul says that it is on account of the mystery pertaining to Christ that he remains physically bound in prison. He had been imprisoned by people who did not want him speaking and making known the secret that God had revealed to him regarding Christ.

Paul was in prison while he was receiving the revelation and writing this letter to the Colossian holy-people. He did not allow his physical environment to disturb his mind and thinking, his prayer-life, his communications to, with and from God or the Lord Jesus Christ.

Colossians 1:9 - verb: proseuchomai

Colossians 1:9 and 10:
.9because-of-this we also, from which day we heard, do not stop praying and asking-for-ourselves on your behalf in order that you may be filled (with) the full-knowledge of His intention in all spiritual wisdom and understanding .10to walk worthily of the Lord into all pleasing, bearing-fruit in all good work and being increased with the full-knowledge of God,

Paul also writes to the Colossian holy-people:

  • On this account we (myself and Timothy) also,
    • since the very day that we heard Epaphras' report,
  • do not willingly come to an end of (cause ourselves to cease the activity of)
    • praying (constantly communicating to/with God, the general speaking towards God)
    • and asking for ourselves (as an inferior asks a superior for something to be given to him)
  • in your interest
  • for the purpose and result that:
    • you would be filled (caused to be filled, made full)
    • with the full, clear and exact personal knowledge
      • of God's intention (His will)
    • within the sphere of action of
      • all/every spiritual
      • wisdom (the skillful or expert application of personal knowledge, what to do as the most appropriate action concerning a specific situation or circumstance, even when complete knowledge of it may not be known by you)
      • and understanding (putting things together in the mind gaining insight into those things)....

Paul is referring to wisdom and understanding which belongs-to, is determined-by, influenced-by and proceeds-from spirit (the original source being God Who is Holy Spirit and His information can be revealed via the gift of holy spirit-life within every holy-person; refer to I Corinthians 12:7-13). Paul continues:

  • ...to walk worthily of the Lord (referring to walking around during the everyday living of life, behaving or conducting yourselves in the manner that is of equal-value or of like-worth with the Master)
    • with a view to all pleasing (resulting in  all/everything that is agreeable, acceptable and gratifying to/with the Lord Jesus Christ, and consequently also pleasing to God his Father),
  • bearing fruit (bringing or carrying produce, causing fruit to be produced)
    • within the sphere of action of all/every good work (work that issues from God Who is good - every deed, effect-produced having acted expending energy in accordance with what is perfectly admirable from God's viewpoint)
  • and being increased (being caused to augment, grow, expand)
    • with/by God's full, clear and exact personal knowledge (which is revealed to you via your holy spirit-life)....

Romans 1:10 - noun: prosuche; and verb: deomai

Romans 1:8-12:
.8Firstly indeed I thank my God by means of Jesus Christ concerning all of you because your belief is messaged in the whole world, .9for God is witness of me, to Whom I render-service in my spirit in the good-message of His son, as-that unceasingly I make remembrance to-myself of you .10always on my prayers supplicating if by-some-manner at-some-time I will be prospered already in the intention of God to go towards you, .11for I earnestly-long to see you in order that I may sharingly-give to you some spiritual gracious-gift with-a-view-for you to be set-fast, .12and this is: to be encouraged-together among you by means of the belief among one-another both yours and mine.

Paul writes that he thanks God through Jesus Christ about all of the holy-people in Rome - and he gives the reason…

  • because your belief is presently caused to be messaged (the message of your faith, your trust relative to God and the things of God, is being brought down or home to other people)
    • in the whole world (all parts of the ordered arrangement, the entirety of God's creation).

In truth, God is witness regarding me (God is my witness)…

  • to Whom I render service (it is to/for God that I perform, carry-out service as a hired servant)
    • within the sphere of action of my spirit (the holy spirit-life in me)
      • in the good-message of His son (the gospel, the evangel pertaining to God’s son who is our Lord Jesus Christ),

…as to how unceasingly (without ceasing, assiduously) I make remembrance to-myself of you (I bring to my own mind, my memory, and so I make mention of you)...

  • constantly on the occasion of my prayers (during my communications to/with God, the general speaking towards God)
    • supplicating (expressing my lack of something specific and my need of help, communicating my needful request, which is)
      • if by any means (somehow) at some future time
      • I will be prospered already (be led having a good journey, a way that is well)
      • within the intention of God (His active volition and desire)
      • to go towards you,
  • for I have a real longing to see you
  • for the purpose and result that
  • I would sharingly give to you (impart, freely give something in company and association with you who have a need)
    • some spiritual gracious-gift (this gracious-gift was to be spiritual – it was to emanate from the holy spirit-life within Paul, and therefore what Paul wanted to sharingly-give to them was to be in the holy spirit category, not originating from the fleshy/physical category)
  • for the purposed objective of setting you fast,
    • and this is:
    • to be encouraged together among you (to be exhorted in conjunction with you during that time, all of us being exhorted by one another, as a father and mother calls/invites their children near them to help them to do that-which is right; a two-way benefit, not one-sided)
      • by means of the belief among one-another both yours and mine (through the faith, the trust that each one of us has relative to God and the things of God).

Romans 15:30 - noun: proseuche

Romans 15:30-32:
.30But I encourage you, by means of our Lord Jesus Christ and by means of the love1 of the spirit, to contest-together with me in the prayers on my behalf towards God .31in order that I may be rescued away-from the (people) being un-persuaded in Judea, and my ministry, the (ministry) into Jerusalem, may become well-accepted by the holy-people, .32in order that I may go in joy towards you by means of (the) intention of God -

Paul also writes to the holy-people in Rome:

  • I encourage (exhort) you
    • by means of our Lord Jesus Christ (through everything that our Master is and makes available to/for/within us)
    • and by means of the love of the spirit (through the spirit's love, the love proceeding from the gift of holy spirit within all holy-people),
  • to contest together with me (being together moving in the direction of the same objective, being on the same team in the same contest with me in order that we gain the prize at the end of the contest)
    • in the prayers on my behalf towards God (during your communications to/with God, your general speaking towards God in the interests of me)

...for the purpose and result that...

  • I would be rescued (delivered, snatched or drawn)
    • away from the people who are actively unwilling to be persuaded (in the state of not being persuaded, they are not convinced by/with the truth of the good-message)
    • in the area of Judea (which includes Jerusalem),
  • and my ministry, emphatically and specifically the ministry into Jerusalem,
    • would become well-accepted (favorably received)
    • by the holy-people (the Christians, the saints in Jerusalem)

...for the purpose and result that I would come within the state of rejoicing to you in Rome by means of the intention of God (through God's will, His active volition and desire).

II Thessalonians 1:11 - verb: proseuchomai

II Thessalonians 1:11 and 12:
.11with-a-view-to which-thing also we pray always concerning you in order that our God may esteem you worthy of the calling and may fulfill all good-consideration of goodness and work of belief in ability .12so-that the name of our Lord Jesus may be in-glorified in you and you in him according to the grace of our God and (our) Lord Jesus Christ.

In verse 11 Paul is continuing from writing regarding the hope of future events promised by God to come to pass:

  • It is regarding which-thing (the hope that we have)
  • that we (myself and those with me)
  • always pray (constantly communicate to/with God, the general speaking towards God)
    • about you Thessalonian holy-people
  • for the purpose and result that
  • our God (the God of you and of us and of all holy-people)
  • would:
    • esteem you worthy (hold, count, deem you to be of equal-value or like-worth)
      • of the calling (with the invitation that God issued to you and you accepted when you believed what He says regarding Himself and His son, the Lord Jesus Christ, and then you received the gift of holy spirit)
    • and fulfill (make full, accomplish)
    • all good consideration (every willing-purpose with good-design, that-which God considers or supposes to be well)
      • of goodness (proceeding-from and consisting-of goodness, the quality of that-which issues from God)
    • and work of belief (deed of faith, that-which is wrought proceeding-from trust relative-to God, work consisting-of the belief which God gives you to believe)
      • in ability (within able-power, capability)
  • in such a manner for the eventual outcome to be that
  • the name of our Lord Jesus (everything involved in his name: all his authority, ability, strength, etc)
    • would be in-glorified (given the importance, splendor and renown, caused to be in the state of glory, glorious, being within glory)
    • in you and you in him (this is not one-sided – it works both ways)
      • in accordance to/with
      • the grace of our God and our Lord Jesus Christ during the everyday living of your lives today.

The Thessalonian holy-people were already worthy in the spirit category because they had received holy spirit-life - but this prayer is referring to their walk, their behavior, their day-to-day living. How tender and loving of Paul to talk to God about them and to let them know! We too can pray to God regarding ourselves and all holy-people as we all live our everyday lives awaiting Christ's coming to gather us together with him.

II Thessalonians 3:1 - verb: proseuchomai

II Thessalonians 3:1-3:
3:1As-to-the-rest, you must pray, brothers, concerning us in order that the word of the Lord may run and may be glorified according as (it is) also with you, .2and in order that we may be rescued away-from the strange and evil men, for the belief (is) not of all-people; .3but the Lord is believable who will set you fast and will keep-watch (regarding you) away-from the evil-one.

In this record Paul writes:

  • As far as the rest (the remaining matters) are concerned,
  • you must pray concerning us (communicate to/with God about myself and those with me – we can help each other by prayer, even though at times we may not be physically with one-another),
    • brothers (all holy-people are brothers in the spirit category because of all being sons of God having the spirit of Christ within us),
  • for the purpose and result that
    • the word of the Lord (the spoken-account pertaining-to and proceeding-from the Lord Jesus Christ)
      • would run (hasten, hurry, quickly move)
      • and would be glorified (be given the importance, splendor, renown by other people to whom we speak)
      • according as it is gloriously running with you;
    • and we may be rescued (myself and those with me would be delivered, snatched, drawn)
      • away from the strange and evil men (from the out-of-place, unusual, crazy and actively-malignant men),
  • for the belief is not of all-people (everybody does not believe the belief, faith, trust which consists of the word of the Lord - not all people believe the belief that God has given us to believe regarding Himself and His son, the Lord Jesus Christ);
    • but the Lord is believable (the Lord Jesus Christ is faithful, he is trustworthy, he can be believed, have faith-in and trusted, he is to be relied-upon)
    • who will set you fast (firmly-fix or establish you)
    • and will keep-watch regarding you (be vigilant to guard and keep you)
      • away from the evil-one (from the one who is actively-malignant - referring to satan, the devil, who has many different names corresponding to the different characteristics, activities, etc, that particular name describes).

The Lord Jesus Christ is believable because he does and will do what he says he does and will do. We holy-people have received the spirit of Christ within us and therefore no devil-spirit can take control or force us, neither can the devil stop us from being gathered-together with our Lord Jesus Christ. We can continue to pray to God concerning one another.

Hebrews 13:18 - verb: proseuchomai

Hebrews 13:18 and 19:
.18You must pray concerning us, for we are persuaded that we have a beautiful conscience intending to behave beautifully in all-things, .19but I encourage more-exceedingly to do this in order that I may be restored quickly to you.

Paul writes to the holy-people:

  • You must pray concerning us (communicate to/with God about myself and those with me),
  • for we are persuaded (convinced)
    • that we have a beautiful conscience (a knowing-awareness that is beautiful)
      • intending to behave beautifully in all things (we are willing to have our mode of living, our way of moving-about or turning-up during everyday living in a manner that has a manifested decorous, harmonious and acceptable goodness in everything),
  • but I encourage (I exhort, call you beside me, as a concerned father and/or mother would call their children close to them under their arms so as to help them to do what is right)
    • more exceedingly (more abundantly, above the measure already attained) 
    • to do this (to pray)
      • for the purpose and result that
      • I may be restored quickly to you (I would be reestablished, reinstated, put back to being with you again speedily, with swiftness).

Philemon 1:22 - noun: proseuche

Philemon 1:21 and 22:
.21Having been persuaded2 by your obedience I wrote to you having known2 that also you will do over which-things I say, .22but unitedly also you must prepare lodging for me, for I hope that by means of your prayers I will be graced to you.

Paul writes to Philemon:

  • I was persuaded (convinced) and I am still actively persuaded
    • by your obedience (your hearing of what God says, listening attentively and then carrying out what you hear),
  •  and so I wrote this letter to you (Philemon)
    • having known and still knowing (perceiving)
    • that also you will do over (perform above, beyond) what I say,
  • additionally, in union together at the same time
    • you must prepare lodging for me (make a guest room ready for me, a place to stay),
  • in truth, I expect at a future time that,
    • through your prayers (you plural – all of you communicating, speaking to/with God),
      • I will be graciously bestowed to you (I will be granted as undeserved favor by God to all of you).

Acts 12:5 - noun: proseuche

Acts 12:1-5:
12:1But according to that time Herod the king threw (his) hands on some of the (people) from the church to treat (them) badly .2and he eliminated James the brother of John with a sword; .3and having seen that it is pleasing to the Judeans he added to take-together also Peter - and they were (the) days of the unleavened - .4whom also having apprehended he put into prison having given (him) over to four quaternions of soldiers to keep-watch (regarding) him, deliberately-determining after the Passover to lead him up to the people; .5therefore indeed Peter was kept in the prison, but prayer was stretchingly coming-to-pass by the church towards God concerning him.

In this record we read that Herod was using his power and authority on some of the holy-people in order to inflict and affect them with badness, even to the point of killing James with a sword. He eliminated one of the apostles whom Jesus had selected during his ministry before he was crucified.

But when Herod perceived that his getting James out of the way gave pleasure to the Judeans not believing regarding the Lord Jesus Christ - in addition to what he had already done - he caught (seized) Peter also. 

When Peter was arrested in a hostile and violent manner, Herod placed him into the prison and handed him along to the custody of four soldiers for each of four shifts (16 men altogether) to be vigilant to watch and guard him. Herod's purposed-will was that after the Passover he would bring Peter up to the people and let the people decide what to do with him.

Therefore certainly Peter was kept in custody within the prison. Did Peter 'fall-apart' with condemnation thinking that he must have completely messed-up somewhere? No! Or did the other holy-people think that he must have disobeyed God and the Lord Jesus Christ and that he was being punished? No! Or did they rally in protest against the religious or governmental policies? No!

God's Word tells us that prayer was made in a manner that was fervently extending and earnest by the church of holy-people towards the only true God about Peter. They communicated to/with God about what was happening; they spoke to God about it!

Further on in this record we are told that Peter was released with the help of an angel sent from God.

I Thessalonians 5:17 - verb: proseuchomai

I Thessalonians 5:17 and 18:
.17unceasingly you must pray; .18in everything you must be thankful, for this (is the) intention of God in Christ Jesus for you;

Paul writes to the Thessalonian holy-people about how they ought to behave during the everyday living of their lives, and he includes:

  • ...unceasingly you must pray (assiduously you should communicate to/with God, the general speaking towards God – this includes both prayer via your spirit and prayer via your understanding mind whereby you determine the words you speak to God);
  • in everything (during all/every situation or circumstance, within the sphere of action of everything)
    • you must be thankful (express well your gratitude to God Who is the giver of the grace already received by you),
  • for this is the intention of God in Christ Jesus for you (in truth this is God's will within Christ Jesus for you)....

Further along in verse 25 of this record Paul again writes about prayer:

I Thessalonians 5:25 - verb: proseuchomai

Verse 25:
.25Brothers, you must pray also concerning us.

Paul addresses the Thessalonian holy-people as "brothers" - reminding them of the great truth that all holy-people are children of God having received the same holy spirit. We are brothers and God is our Father. 

  • Brothers,
  • you must pray (communicate to/with God, speak generally towards God)
    • also specifically about us (myself and those with me).

Paul was not embarrassed to ask that prayer be made for himself and those with him to help them continue doing the work that God and the Lord Jesus Christ wanted them to do. We too can pray to God concerning our brothers today, and we can ask them to pray to God concerning us.

I Thessalonians 1:2 - noun: proseuche

I Thessalonians 1:2 and 3:
.2We thank God always concerning all of you making remembrance to-ourselves on our prayers .3unceasingly remembering your work of the belief, and labor of the love1, and patient-endurance of the hope of our Lord Jesus Christ, in-front-of our God and Father,

In this record Paul also writes to the Thessalonian holy-people about prayer:

  • We (myself and Silvanus and Timothy) thank God constantly
    • about all of you
  • making remembrance to ourselves on our prayers (bringing to our own minds, our memory, and so making mention of you during or on the occasion of our communications to/with God, the general speaking towards God)
  • without ceasing (assiduously) remembering:
    • your work of the belief (your deeds being viewed together as one deed, the effect produced having acted expending your energy; your work pertaining-to and proceeding-from the belief which God gives you to believe) –
    • and labor of the love1 (your exerting wearisome effort; your labor pertaining-to and proceeding-from the love that God gives to you and you evidence it forth towards others as you labor) –
    • and patient-endurance of the hope of our Lord Jesus Christ (your bearing-up, holding-out, enduring, remaining upwards or upright under any obstacles; your patient endurance pertaining-to and proceeding-from the hope of our Lord Jesus Christ) –

…in front of our God and Father (before God Who is the Father of all holy-people).

Philippians 1:4 - noun: deesis (twice)

Philippians 1:3-6:
.3I thank my God on all remembrance of you .4always in all my supplication on behalf of all of you, making the supplication with joy .5on your sharing-in-common into the good-message from the first day continuously-until now, .6having been persuaded2 (regarding) this same-thing that the (One) having begun a good work in you will fully-complete (it) continuously-until (the) day of Christ Jesus,

Paul writes that he thanks his God. Who? God. Paul recognizes and acknowledges God's authority and close-relationship with him.

  • I thank my God (I express my gratitude towards the God of me)
    • resting or based upon all/every remembrance of you (bringing you to my own mind, my memory, and so I make mention of you)
    • constantly during all my supplication (every specific communication of prayer, making known the needful request, beseeching God regarding a lack and thus having a specific need in the particular situation or circumstance)
      • in your interests,
  • making the supplication in company and association with joy (rejoicing, the state of elation or enjoyment because of receiving something good ultimately from God)
    • resting or based upon your sharing-in-common (partaking of/in/with the same-thing, participation with one-another of what is common to you all)
      • with a view to the good-message (gospel, evangel – the only message which is good or well which is what God has given mankind to believe regarding Himself and His son, the Lord Jesus Christ)
    • away from the first day that you heard and believed it to be true to and for yourselves,
      • and for the whole duration of time up to the present time,
  • because I was persuaded and I am still actively persuaded (convinced)
    • regarding this same-thing (what I am about to tell you, which is)
  • that the One (God)
    • Who has already begun a good work (God initiated a work that issues from Himself Who is good - it is perfectly admirable from His viewpoint)
      • in/within you (this is referring to the truth that you have already received the gift of holy spirit which is the spirit of Christ in you)
  • will fully complete it (God will bring this good work to its ultimate ending-issue)
    • for the whole duration of time up to the day of Christ Jesus (the time of Christ's coming to be present to gather all holy-people together with him giving us spiritual bodies, and then we will continue onwards with him).

Further along in verse 9 of this record Paul again writes about prayer:

Philippians 1:9 - verb: proseuchomai

Verses 9-11:
.9and this I pray: in order that your love1 may yet rather and rather exceed in full-knowledge and all perception .10with-a-view-for you to prove the-things differing in order that you may be genuine and un-stumbling into the day of Christ, .11having been filled2 (with the) fruit of righteousness, the (fruit) by means of Jesus Christ into (the) glory and praise of God.

Paul continues:

  • ...and this I pray (this is what I presently communicate to/with God, speak towards God)
    • for the purpose and result that
    • your Godly-love would in addition
    • rather (more-so, more and more, constantly-increasing, very much more) and emphatically I repeat rather
      • exceed (abound over and above the number or measure already attained by you)
      • within full-knowledge (full, clear and exact personal knowledge)
      • and all perception (within every ability to perceive with good-sense and then discern)
  • for the purpose of you to prove (to put to the test or examine and thus approve)
    • the things that are differing (carrying a different way, varying from the ordinary and thus excel),
  • for the purpose and result that you would be
    • genuine (as though being examined regarding your everyday living by God in the bright sunlight and found to be sincere)
    • and un-stumbling (in the state of not having stumbled, not having beaten or struck against the truth of what God says)

Note: The basic meaning of the Greek root word dokim – translated into English in various ways such as: to prove, approve, disapprove, approved, unapproved, proof – is: to prove by testing or examination by usage or experience for the purpose of either approving or disapproving the resulting evidence. In order to accomplish this task in accordance with God’s Word, a person should demonstrate the quality and character of the relevant object by carrying-out his/her own assigned function according to God’s Word to/for that person. The person would experience and realize it coming to pass, and bring what God intends to/for that person into concrete existence during his/her everyday living of life.

Paul continues:

  • ...having been filled and continuing full (made-full, filled-up)
    • with the fruit of righteousness (the produce proceeding-from and characterized-by justice, justness, being and doing what is just/right from God's viewpoint),
  • specifically the fruit by means of Jesus Christ (through Jesus who is the resurrected Christ and continues working in service to God - the fruit of righteousness is being fulfilled in holy-people in the walk/behavior category through him)
    • into (directed-to and resulting-in)
    • the glory (importance, splendor and renown)
    • and praise (applause)
      • of God (God’s glory and praise).

Further along in verse 19 of this record Paul again writes about prayer:

Philippians 1:19 - noun: deesis

Verses 18 and 19:
.18For what? Besides that by every manner whether by pretense or by truth, Christ is messaged, but also in this I joy, but also I will joy, .19but I knew2 that this will go-away to me into salvation by means of your supplication and full-supply of the spirit of Christ Jesus,

Paul asks a rhetorical question regarding the way that various people were preaching to others at that time:

  • In truth, what is there to say about all of this happening?
  • Besides (moreover, more, other than) that
    • by all/every manner (whatever way you turn and look at it),
    • whether done by/with/in pretense (putting something forth or causing something else to appear in order to cover up or disguise the real intent, the deeper co-existent cause as to why they are doing this, pretext)
    • or whether done by/with/in truth (God's essential reality, the inherent verity),
      • Christ is presently caused to be messaged (the message of Christ is being brought down or home to other people),
  • but contrary to being all upset about all of these happenings and circumstances - also/even in this, the fact that Christ is messaged,
    • I joy (rejoice, I am joyful),
    • and in the future I will rejoice,
  • I already know (perceive, see)
  • that this will go away (move in the direction away from what is happening now and will issue or result)
    • to/for me
    • into (directed-to and resulting-in)
      • salvation (safety)
    • by means of (through):
      • your supplication (your specific communication of prayer, making known the needful request, beseeching God regarding a lack and thus having a specific need in the particular situation or circumstance)
    • and the full-supply (furnishing-upon what has already been supplied, the further-supply, fully-furnishing everything needed)
      • of the spirit of Christ Jesus (being issued or proceeding from the spirit of Christ Jesus).

Paul knew that he would be made safe in the future from his present physical bonds by means of the Philippian holy-people's supplication concerning his situation to God and the full-supply of Christ Jesus’ spirit, referring the power of the holy spirit that the resurrected Christ Jesus has and that all the holy-people have because all holy-people have the spirit of Christ within us.

The Philippian holy-people were supplicating, and praying in spirit which caused the full-supply of the power of the resurrected Christ in that situation. Paul had received information, revealed to him by God or by the Lord Jesus Christ, that as a result of this he would be saved from his imprisonment at that time. Refer also to the record in Matthew 21:18-22 above.

Philippians 4:6 - nouns: proseuche and deesis

Philippians 4:6 and 7:
.6You must be anxious-about nothing but in everything by prayer and by supplication with thankfulness your requests must be made-known towards God, .7and the peace of God, the (peace) being-superior-to every mind, will guard your hearts and your mindful-devices in Christ Jesus.

In this record Paul again writes to the Philippian holy-people about prayer:

  • You must be anxious (mentally distracted with care)
    • concerning nothing (for not one thing; in other words: don't be anxious about anything!)
  • but contrary to being anxious:
  • in everything (during all, every single situation or circumstance)
    • by prayer (communication to/with God, the general speaking towards God)
    • and by supplication (the specific communication of prayer, expressing the needful request)
      • in company and association with thankfulness (gratitude for grace already received)
  • your requests (the objects sought by you, the things you are asking for)
  • must be made personally known
    • towards God (towards the only true God and not towards everybody else in your neighborhood or at the office!).

And what happens next, what joins equally together in consequence of you having done what is written in verse 6?

  • The peace of/from God (God's tranquil harmony, tranquility, peaceful wholeness, without any strife or disagreement)
    • which is being superior to every mind (holding the position or rank of authority over all/every mind-set)
  • will guard (as with powerful military authority keeping watch over)
    • your hearts (the center or core of your beings, the seat of your whole personal selves and lives)
    • and your mindful-devices (the contrivances or products of your mind's thinking, the plans issuing from the action of the mind)
      • in Christ Jesus.

This peace is not in some "peace-treaty" signed by some influential politician or some peacefully sounding words such as "oh, it'll be alright" made by some friend or a leader when he/she did not receive any revelation regarding your requests, your situation, from God or from the Lord Jesus Christ.

It is within the sphere of action of Christ Jesus that God's peace (which you already have spiritually because you have received the spirit of Christ in you) guards your hearts and your mindful-devices concerning these requests following your making them known to God by prayer and by supplication with thankfulness.

Romans 10:1 - noun: deesis

Romans 10:1-4:
10:1Brothers, indeed the good-consideration of my heart and the supplication towards God on behalf of them (is) into salvation, .2for I bear them witness that they have a zeal of God but not according to full-knowledge, .3for unknowing the righteousness of God and seeking-after to cause (their) own righteousness to-stand, they were not subjected to the righteousness of God – .4for Christ (is the) completion of law into righteousness to every-person believing.

In this record Paul writes to the holy-people in Rome addressing them as "brothers" because they had received the gift of holy spirit and therefore were brothers in the holy spirit category.

  • Brothers,
  • indeed the good-consideration (the willing-purpose with good-design)
    • of my heart (emphatically my heart, that-which I suppose to be well in the center/core of my being)
  • and the supplication towards God (the specific communication of prayer, beseeching God regarding a lack and thus having a need in this particular situation, making known the needful request towards God)
    • on behalf of them (on Israel’s behalf, in the interests of the genealogical descendants of Jacob/Israel)
  • is
    • into salvation (with a view to, directed to safety, the standing and state of being saved, made-safe to God from sins and their consequences, from destruction)....

The resurrected Christ is the completion of law into righteousness to every-person believing; but any person who does not believe regarding the Lord Jesus Christ during the present time cannot become righteous before God - they are not saved to God.

Acts 22:17 - verb: proseuchomai

Acts 22:17 and 18:
.17But it came-to-pass to me having returned into Jerusalem and (during) my praying in the temple (for) me to become in a bewilderment .18and to see him saying to me, 'You must hasten and you must go-out in quickness from Jerusalem for-this-reason-that they will not accept your witness concerning me.'

In this record Paul is recounting what happened to him previously in Jerusalem:

"It happened for me when I had turned-back into Jerusalem...

  • while I was praying in the temple
  • that I came to be in a bewilderment (something outstanding, in the state of being awestruck, totally puzzled in my mind as though out of my normal senses)

...and I saw (to the end of perceiving and knowing with my mind) the righteous-one (referring to the resurrected Lord Jesus Christ) saying to me…

  • 'You must hasten (hurry, urge yourself on, be diligent with speed because of the time involved),
  • and you must come out from Jerusalem quickly (with swiftness)
    • on this account that
    • the people within Jerusalem will not accept (not welcome alongside themselves approvingly, not receive with approval)
      • your witness concerning me (your attestation, witnessing about me, giving them the declaration of knowledge about me confirming it as being authentic information).'"

Acts 10:2 - verb: deomai; and verse 4 - noun: proseuche

This record tells us about a Gentile - a person who was not a Judean/Israelite in background (refer to Acts 1:8 and 2:39).

Acts 10:1-3:
10:1But some adult-male in Caesarea, Cornelius by-name - a centurion out-from (the) corps, the (corps) being called Italian, .2reverential and being fearful (towards) God together with all his house, doing many merciful-deeds for the people and supplicating God continually - .3manifestly saw in a seen-object as-though around (the) ninth hour of the day an angel of God having come-into (his house) towards him and having said to him, "Cornelius."

Cornelius was a military officer commanding a hundred men from the Italian body of men-at-arms in Caesarea, on the coast. Even though he was not a Judean/Israelite by descent, he recognized that the only true God was the only true God, and therefore Cornelius lived accordingly as best he knew how, together with all the people who dwelled in his house with him. He was…

  • reverential (he behaved with good/well service being respectfully reverential of/towards God)
  • and being fearful (having fright, being afraid at the consequences of the performance of any wrong behavior, he manifested the awe and respect that is rightfully due and ought to be shown)
    • towards God
    • together with all his house (household),
  • doing many merciful-deeds for the people (giving alms by mercy to those who were in need, withholding merited judgment and punishment from them)
  • and supplicating God continually (he prayed all the time to God expressing to Him that he knew he lacked something and requested God's help to provide this needful-thing).

At that time Cornelius was only able to pray with his mind's understanding towards God because he had not yet received God's gift of holy spirit whereby he would be able to pray with his holy spirit-life (to speak in tongues).

However, on this day at about 3:00 p.m. in the afternoon Cornelius clearly and evidently saw within a seen-object (something presented to his eyes so that he would see and perceive and know it) – what? – an angel. This angel was a spirit-being sent from God with a message for Cornelius. 

Let us continue on and see what Cornelius' reaction was.

Verses 4-6:
.4And he, having gazed-intently-on him and having become fearful-within, said, "What is it, Lord?" And he said to him, "Your prayers and your merciful-deeds ascended into a remembrance in-front-of God; .5and now you must send adult-males into Joppa and you must send-after Simon, someone who is called Peter, .6this-person is lodged-as-a-guest with someone (named) Simon, a tanner, whose house is beside (the) sea."

When Cornelius fixed his eyes intently upon the angel and had become fearful within himself, he asked "What is it?" And he addressed this angel as "Lord" - not because he thought that the angel was God or the Lord Jesus Christ, but because from Cornelius' viewpoint the angel had more authoritative-power and ability than he had.

Then the angel spoke his message - he didn't sing it or fly around while he was saying it! The angel told him that...

  • his prayers to God (his communications to/with God, his general speaking towards God)
  • and his giving of alms to help people,
    • had gone-up for a remembrance (a memorial, a calling-to mind) in front of (before) God.

God did not ignore Cornelius' prayers to Him just because he was a Gentile who did not have holy spirit-life within him yet! Further along in this record Cornelius and those in his house received the gift of holy spirit.

James 5:15 - noun: euche; and verse 16 - verb: euchomai; and verses 13, 14, 17 and 18 - verb: proseuchomai

James 5:13-18:
.13Does someone among you suffer-bad-things? He must pray.
Is someone well-minded? He must psalm.
.14Is someone weak among you? He must call-towards-himself the elders of the church, and they must pray on him having anointed (him) with olive-oil in the name of the Lord, .15and the (vowed) prayer of the belief will save the (person) being-weary and the Lord will raise him up, and if-ever he may be having done2 sins they will be dismissed from him. .16Therefore you must expressly-agree with one-another (regarding) the sins and you must pray on behalf of one-another so-that you may be healed.
(The) supplication of a righteous-person being caused-to-in-work is strong-for much. .17Elijah used-to-be a man like-passioned with us and he prayed with a prayer of not to send-rain, and He did not send-rain on the earth three years and six months, .18and again he prayed and the heaven gave rain and the earth sprouted her fruit.

James asks some question and provides the correct answers:

  • Is someone among you presently experiencing (being affected by) things that do not issue from the only true God?
    • He must pray (communicate to/with God, speak generally towards God regarding the situation).
  • Is someone well-minded (cheerful, does he have good cheer)?
    • He must psalm (similar to how King David sang his psalms, which are recorded in what is known as the Book of Psalms, in commemoration of mercies received from God, when God withholds merited or deserved judgment from someone - but since the day of Pentecost all holy-people can psalm with our holy spirit, or with our mind understanding the words we psalm).
  • Is someone weak (without-strength, feeble) among you?
    • Since he is weak and therefore needs help from others –
    • he must call (it is imperative that he would invite - the weak person calls)
    • the elders of the church (the elder men belonging to the assembly of holy-people who are assigned to take care of the other believers within that community)
    • towards himself.

Then the elders must pray on him (communicate to/with God relating to this weak person)…

  • after they have anointed (smeared) him with olive-oil (which was used as the best therapeutic treatment available at that time for health to those physically weak and/or downcast due to weariness to refresh or uplift them)

…and the elders do all of this – in the name of the Lord.

And in addition…

  • the vowed prayer (that-which the weak-person and the elders openly express as being their prayerful wish or desire of commitment as a vow towards God - they would perform their part according to verse 14 and then God via the Lord Jesus Christ would perform His part according to verse 15)
  • pertaining-to and consisting-of the belief (the faith, trust, the information that God makes known to have confidence-in with assured certainty and surety)
    • will save (make safe)
    • the person who is presently being weary (overworked, exhausted from labor – in this context meaning that he will be healed so that his life will no longer be in jeopardy)
  • and the Lord will raise him up (this person will be raised up from the physical and/or mental state of being weak from the weariness that he was in),
  • and if it should ever happen that this person would be in the state of having performed sins (previously committed aberrations from what God has spoken, missed the mark of what God said to/for him by behaving badly since he became a holy-person, a Christian) and he would still be accountable for them
    • they will be dismissed from him (his sins will be caused to leave, sent-away, discharged, acquitted, set-free, let-go from concern, remitted from him so that he will not receive the physical punishment in the everyday living of his life which is rightly due to him).

Following-on logically, you must be in full-agreement (you must definitely say the same thing, completely agree) with one-another regarding the sins….

This does not mean that you should tell everybody all the sins you can remember committing (if you did that, it might be a very depressing experience for all listening to you, to say the least) – but you should assent with intensity and completely agree that you have committed sins against God and one-another in the walk (behavior, conduct) category.

You must expressly agree with one-another regarding the sins…

  • and you must pray (this is the verb form of ‘prayer’ in verse 15 above, meaning: you must express your prayerful wish or desire of your commitment as a vow)
  • in the interests of one another
    • in such a manner that you may be healed (you would be caused to recover from illness).

The supplication of a righteous person (the specific communication of prayer, beseeching God regarding some lack and thus having a specific need in a particular situation or circumstance, the making known of the needful request spoken to God by a person who is just, justified from God’s viewpoint)…

  • that is being caused to in-work (the supplication which is presently being caused to do work within, to produce effects by being in work, being energized by God via the holy spirit that God gives to His people)
    • is strong for much (it actively has strength for a lot, it is physically and inherently strong for a big amount, it accomplishes a lot).

For example: Elijah during a past time (when he was alive) was a man of like passion with us (a human-being with similar pathos, emotional affection, experience, suffering)…

  • and he prayed (he communicated to/with God, he spoke generally towards God) with a prayer
  • for the purpose of not to send-rain (to wet, cause it to rain),
    • and He did not send-rain (God did not wet, He did not cause it to rain)
    • on the earth three years and six months,
  • and again Elijah prayed (communicated to/with God)
    • and the heaven gave rain and the earth sprouted her fruit (germinated her produce).

Elijah prayed exactly as God told him - he believed the belief that God gave to him via the holy spirit within him - and it certainly had strength and helped all of God’s people at that time. Refer also to the record in Matthew 21:18-22 above.

III John 1:2 - verb: euchomai

III John 1:2 and 3:
.2Loved-person1, I pray (for) you to be prospered and to be sound concerning all-things according as your soul is prospered, .3for I joyed very (much during the) coming of (the) brothers and bearing your truth witness according as you walk in truth.

John writes to a holy-person named Gaius: Loved-person (beloved, truly you are loved by God and by myself with God’s kind of love)…

  • I pray (I express my prayerful wish or desire of my commitment as a vow, my dedicated personal prayer)
  • for you
    • to be prospered (caused to continue to be led on a good journey, a way that is well, successful –usages of this verb are connected with God’s intention to provide for His people)
    • and to be sound (caused to continue to be healthy, in good health, well, alive and living in a whole and hygienic manner – usages of this verb are connected with God’s words either spoken or written to/for people with the corresponding results)
      • concerning all-things (about or encompassing every facet of your life relative to the physical category and the spirit category)
    • just as (according to how – this does not mean ‘limited by’ but it means: in comparison to the way that)
    • your soul (the life of your physical body which is evidenced by breathing, your soul/breath life, and figuratively referring to your being, including your character and disposition as you are living your life)
      • is prospered (is presently being led on a good journey, a way that is well, successful),

…for I rejoiced extremely during the time of the brothers’ coming (brothers in the holy spirit category, holy-people, Christians - I joyed very much while they were here) and…

  • bearing your truth witness (attesting with information which they personally have and therefore they state with authority about the truth that you have pertaining-to and issuing-from God, witnessing to your truth)
    • just as emphatically you walk (according to how, in comparison to the way that you yourself walk, you are behaving yourself)
      • in truth (within the sphere of action of God’s truth, which is what God says, the essential reality, God’s inherent verity, the state of being true).

This man Gaius was prospering in his everyday living because he was walking in the truth of God’s Word. However, John’s prayer for him was that he would not only prosper but also be sound pertaining to every facet of his life – which would include:

  • his physical wellbeing,
  • walking according to what his holy spirit-life would communicate to him during specific situations,
  • and the fullness of everything that God makes available to all holy-people by means of the Lord Jesus Christ.  

God’s intention is that His people would prosper with what He provides, and would be sound (healthy) as a result of His words to/for them – concerning all things, everything, every area of our lives.

Acts 28:8 - verb: proseuchomai

Acts 28:8:
.8and it came-to-pass (for) Publius' father, being held-together with fevers and dysentery, to lie-down, towards whom Paul, having gone-into (him) and having prayed, having put (his) hands on him, healed him.

In this record Luke writes about a man's father who had to recline in bed because he was confined with/by fevers and with dysentery.

Paul came to him and prayed (communicated to/with God) and placed (laid) his hands on Publius' father and healed him (caused him to recover from those illnesses).

The putting (placing/laying) of hands on another in this context indicated:

  • Paul’s willingness relative-to the circumstance of Publius’ father, offering that individual’s case before God,
  • and this would identify to Publius’ father and to all watching concerning whom he was praying to God specifically about, regarding that individual’s circumstance,
  • and he said God’s words and carried-out and brought-to-pass whatever was good in this particular case,
  • symbolically transferring what was appropriate in the situation, which at that time was flowing God’s power and blessing via himself to Publius’ father.

Paul received information revealed to him by means of his holy spirit-life. For details regarding the manifestation of holy spirit, you may read chapter 12 of my study on I Corinthians

Acts 4:31 - verb: deomai

Acts 4:23-31:
.23But having been loosened they went towards (their) own-people and they announced as-many-things-as the chief-priests and the elders said towards them, .24and the (apostles) having heard like-mindedly lifted (their) sound towards God and said,
 "Master, You (are) the (One) having made the heaven and the earth and the sea and all the-things in them, .25the (One), by means of holy spirit of the mouth of our father David, Your child, having said, 'In-order-for-that were (the) Gentiles haughty and (the) peoples cared-for empty-things; .26the kings of the earth stood-beside and the rulers were gathered-together on the same-objective against the Lord and against His Christ,' .27for they were gathered-together in this city on truth on Your holy child Jesus whom You anointed, both Herod and Pontius Pilate together with (the) Gentiles and (the) peoples of Israel, .28to do as-many-things-as Your hand and (Your) deliberate-determination marked-out-beforehand to come-to-pass;
.29and the-things now, Lord, You must look on their threats and You must give to Your slaves (the ability) to utter-forth Your Word with all boldness .30in Your stretching-out Your hand into healing and signs and wonders to come-to-pass by means of the name of Your holy child Jesus";
.31and (after) their supplicating, the place in which they were having been gathered-together2 was shaken, and they were all-together filled of the holy spirit and they uttered-forth the word of God with boldness.

When Peter and John were released by the religious hierarchy, they went to their own people, as opposed to going to some public place where people of all different beliefs would be. They went to where the rest of the apostles were located and they announced (related, told the message) to them how much the chief/high priests and the elder-men had said to them.

What did they do having heard what they said? They like-mindedly (passionately of the same mind) raised their voices together towards God in prayer to Him for His help in this situation.

In verse 29, after reminding God and themselves of what God had already done, Peter and the others continued praying specifically telling Him about their own need in their situation. They continue:

  • “…and the things now (taking place at the present time),
  • Lord (referring to God),
  • You must look on their threats
  • and You must give to Your slaves (we are Your bond-servants)
    • the capability to speak Your Word (not our own words)
      • with all/every boldness (freedom, frankness and openness of speaking)
  • while within the sphere of action of
    • You extending Your hand (figuratively referring to Your authority, power, etc)
      • with a view to and resulting-in
      • the action of healing
      • and signs (signals, standards of designation and authentication)
      • and wonders (supernatural occurrences)
    • to happen by means of the name of Your holy child Jesus (not our own names, but the name of Your holy child Jesus)."

When they had finished supplicating (expressing their lack of something specific and need of help from God, communicating their needful request to Him)...

  • the place where they were assembled was caused to rock in a waving motion
  • and they were all together (entirely, all unitedly, at the same time)
    • filled of the holy spirit (referring to being filled up with enough of what they needed in this situation given to them via the holy spirit-life within them which they had previously received),
  • and so they spoke God's Word (the spoken-account of God's inner thoughts)
    • with boldness (freedom, frankness and openness of speech).

God granted their specific prayerful request via their holy spirit-life. 

II Corinthians 5:20 - verb: deomai

II Corinthians 5:20 and 21:
.20Therefore we function-as-elders on behalf of Christ, as of God encouraging by means of us, we supplicate on behalf of Christ, "You must be reconciled to God – .21He made the (one) not having known sin (to be) sin on behalf of us in order that we may become (the) righteousness of God in him."

Paul writes to the Corinthian holy-people that he himself and those with him function as elder-men on behalf of Christ. The word “elders” refers here to having more knowledge, wisdom, dignity, etc, regarding God and the things of God, elders in service, not the literal meaning of being older in age than other people.

They had been given the assignment, responsibility, and authority by God and the Lord Jesus Christ to do what they are doing as they travelled being elders of the church, and thus they negotiated as ambassadors among all people in the interests of Christ, the resurrected Anointed-one, the Messiah.

How did Paul and those with him do that?

  • As of God encouraging by means of us (as though it were God exhorting, calling people beside Him as a concerned father or mother would call their children close to them under their arms so as to help them to do that which is right, through us),
    • we supplicate (we express the lack of something specific and the need of help, we communicate our needful request to people)
      • on Christ's behalf (in the interests of Christ),
    • and the supplication (our specific request) is:
  • "It is imperative that you (all people who are still unsaved)
    • be reconciled to God (you must change from not-believing what God says to believing what God says - being induced by the action that God has already performed, the catalyst that makes a reconnection with God available to you)
  • - how? -
  • God made him who had not personally known sin (the man, Jesus Christ, did not have a truly active and relative knowing of sin, which is the aberration from God's Word, because he did not commit any sin himself) 
    • to be sin (God actively made him the quality and quantity of sin - Jesus became the sin-offering)
      • on behalf of (in the interests of)
      • us (all people)
  • for the purpose and result that
    • emphatically we would become
    • the righteousness of God (the quality and quantity of God's justness, justice, the attributes of justification)
      • in him (within the sphere of action of the resurrected Christ Jesus)."

God has made reconciliation to Himself available to people by means of the Lord Jesus Christ, and Paul and those with him at that time were functioning as elders on behalf of Christ, as of God encouraging people by means of them.

As soon as any person believes what God says regarding Himself and His son, the Lord Jesus Christ, that person changes his/her relationship to/with God by receiving the gift of holy spirit becoming His child - saved to God. From then-on that person's relationship to/with God will be a sonship relationship by seed, and this sonship relationship cannot be changed.

I Peter 3:7 - noun: proseuche

I Peter 3:7:
.7Likewis husbands, (you must be) dwelling-together-with (them) according to knowledge, as to a weaker vessel conveying honor to the wife, as also inheritors-together of (the) grace of life, with-a-view-for your prayers not to be obstructed.

Peter addresses the husbands:

  • Husbands (adult-males, grown men – translated "husbands" depending on the context),
  • you must be dwelling (inhabiting, housing)
  • in conjunction with your wives in accordance with knowledge (personal knowledge, a truly active and relative knowing, knowledgeable information)
    • in comparison to a weaker vessel (in the physical category – a utensil that is naturally made with less physical strength – so as not to ‘break’ the weaker vessel and then it could not function as it was designed and assigned to function; 'vessel' is used figuratively referring to the body of flesh)
  • conveying honor to the wife (spreading along, feeding, apportioning from yourselves the estimation of value, price, worth to the womanly or female partner),
    • in comparison also to inheritors-together (in the spirit category – people who inherit together, joint heirs, those who have the inheritance, the assigned lot, the allotted-portion in conjunction with one-another, co-heirs)
      • of the grace of life (the bestowed unmerited favor consisting of life; this grace is life – holy spirit life),
  • with a view (the purposed objective is)
    • for your prayers not to be obstructed (your communications to/with God, your general speaking towards God not to be cut-in, thwarted, interrupted, held-back, blocked, like digging a trench in the way of an enemy to impede them – except here you would be impeding yourselves by your own wrong behavior).

Further along in verse 12 of this record Peter again writes about prayer:

I Peter 3:12 - noun: deesis

Verses 10-12:
.10for the (person) “intending to love1 life and to see good days must stop the tongue away-from a bad-thing and lips not to utter-forth deceit, .11but he must lean-out away-from a bad-thing and do a good-thing, he must seek-after peace and pursue it, .12because (the) Lord’s eyes (are) on righteous-people and His ears into their supplication, but (the) Lord’s face (is) on (the people) doing bad-things.”

In these verses Peter references what was previously written in Psalm 34:13-17 to explain regarding our behavior and the blessing that we can receive during the everyday living of our lives.

In truth, the person who is intending (willing)…

  • “to Godly-love life (the state of being alive)
  • and to see good days (to the end of perceiving and knowing in his mind days that are lived in a manner that is in alignment with God Who is good and sets the standard for what is good)
    • must stop the tongue (cause to come to an end, cease the activity of the tongue, referring to speaking in any language)
      • away from a bad-thing (from evidencing badness, from that-which is contrary to God’s intention)
    • and lips not to utter-forth deceit (not to speak guile or bait out through his lips, as used to catch people by stratagem or subterfuge),
  • but he must lean-out (bow out, bend outwards, leave, depart, shun, turn-aside and keep)
    • away from a bad-thing
    • and do (perform) a good-thing,
  • he must seek after peace (look for tranquility and harmony, wholesomeness, without any strife or disagreement, which is the opposite of war, the opposite of conflict, the opposite of being at odds with the other party)
  • and pursue it (during the everyday living of his life in the walk/behavior category he must follow or proceed earnestly after peace),

...because…

  • the eyes of the Lord (referring to the only true God)
    • are looking down on righteous-people (those who are just in the walk/behavior category, who behave in a justified manner, who are being and doing that which is right/just from God's viewpoint)
  • and His ears are hearing
    • into their supplication (with a view to, directed to, for, regarding their specific communication of prayer, making known their needful request, beseeching God regarding a lack and thus having a specific need in their particular situation or circumstance),
  • but the face (visage, countenance, presence) of the Lord (God)
    • is down on the people who are performing bad-things (whatever they are doing does not escape God’s notice).”

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