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Women in the Bible

Mary - the mother of Jesus, the Christ, the son of God:

Matthew 1:18-21:
.18But the genesis of Jesus Christ was thus: (after) his mother Mary had been betrothed to Joseph, before them coming-together, she was found having in (her) womb from Holy Spirit. .19But Joseph, her husband being righteous and not intending to point her out, was deliberately-determined to loosen her unnoticeably from (him), .20but (after) his being caused-to-think these-things within - look!, an angel of (the) Lord was brought-to-light according to a dream to him saying, "Joseph, son of David, let you not be caused-fear to take Mary your wife beside (yourself), for the-thing having been begotten in her is from Holy Spirit. .21She will bring-forth a son and you will call his name Jesus, for he will save his people from their sins."

Mary had already been betrothed to Joseph. In their time and culture, this means that they were already husband and wife but the scheduled time for them to consummate their marriage had not arrived yet. However, it was found out that Mary was pregnant before (sooner than) Joseph had sexual intercourse with her. Matthew's account in verse 18 tells the reader exactly where the seed came from: it came from God Who is Holy Spirit.

The fact that Mary was pregnant before the consummation of their marriage indicated to Joseph that Mary had sex with another man, for this was the usual way that any woman could get pregnant at that time. Joseph was a righteous (just) man and therefore he wanted to continue doing what the Law of Moses (God's Word at that time to God's people) commanded in a situation like this, which was that he would have to put-away an adulterous wife from him (refer to Deuteronomy 24:1).

But Joseph did not want to point her out making her an example (in the sense of causing her to be a public spectacle, a public disgrace) and so he purposefully willed to loosen (release, let go of, unbind) her away from him unnoticeably (secretly by stealth so others would not notice what happened). If others were convinced that Mary was an adulteress they may have stoned her to death for breaking the law (refer to Deuteronomy 22:22).

However, after Joseph had revolved these things in his mind – look! (behold, see – in the sense of calling attention), an angel of the Lord God was brought to light according to a dream (a specific significant dream) to Joseph, saying:

  • "Joseph, son of David (stating the truth that he was a descendant of King David),
  • don't be afraid to take Mary your wife beside you,
  • for the-thing that is already begotten in her is from Holy Spirit (God).
  • She will bring-forth a son and you will call his name 'Jesus.'
  • In truth, emphatically he (himself, none other) will save his people from their sins."

People whom Jesus considered to be a "mother" or "brother" or "sister" in their everyday living:

Matthew 12:46-50:
.46(During) his yet uttering-forth to the crowds, look!, his mother and brothers had stood outside seeking-after to utter-forth to him. .47But someone said to him, “Look!, your mother and your brothers stood outside seeking-after to utter-forth to you.” .48But the (one) having answered said to the (one) speaking to him, “Who is my mother, and who are my brothers?” .49And having stretched-out his hand on his learning-disciples he said, “Look!, my mother and my brothers; .50for he-who ever may do the intention of my Father, the (Father) in (the) heavens, he is my brother and sister and mother.”

In verse 48 Jesus answered by asking the question…

  • “Who is my mother, and who are my brothers?”

And after he extended his hand on his learning-disciples he said...

  • “Look!, my mother and my brothers.
  • In truth, he-who ever may do the intention (will) of my Father,
    • the Father in the heavens (emphatically referring to his Father in the spirit realm Who is God),
  • he himself (with emphasis referring to whoever would do the will of Jesus’ Father)
  • is my brother and sister and mother.”

From Jesus point of view, his family consisted of his Father Who is God plus those who do God’s will – whether they were related blood-wise, or whether they were male or female, was not a consideration.

The resurrected Christ Jesus spoke with Mary the Magdelene:

John 20:11-18:
.11But Mary had stood towards the memorial-place outside crying, therefore as she cried she bent-alongside into the memorial-place, .12and views-with-attention two angels in white (outer-garments) sitting-down, one towards the head and one towards the feet where the body of Jesus used-to-lie. .13And those say to her, "Woman, why do you cry?" She says to them that, "They lifted my lord and I did not know2 where they put him." .14Having said these-things she was turned into the-things behind and views-with-attention Jesus having stood2 and she had not known that he is Jesus. .15Jesus says to her, "Woman, why do you cry? Whom do you seek-after?" That-person considering that he is the gardener says to him, "Lord, if you lifted him up you must say to me where you put him and I will lift him." .16Jesus says to her, "Mary." Having turned that-person says to him in-Hebrew, "Rabboni" - which is said (as) Teacher. .17Jesus says to her, "You must not touch me for I did not-yet ascend2 towards the Father; but you must journey towards my brothers and say to them, 'I ascend towards my Father and your Father, even my God and your God.'" .18Mary the Magdalene goes announcing to the learning-disciples that, "I saw2 the Lord" and these-things he said to her.

After the resurrection of the Lord Jesus Christ, Mary came back to the memorial-place and she was standing on the outside expressing grief. She attentively views 2 angels sitting down in white clothes, one of them was sitting in the position with reference to the head and the other one was sitting towards the feet where the dead physical body of Jesus was lying during a past time - but by this time it was not there anymore!

Those 2 angels say to her...

  • "Woman (this is a polite address by the angels to Mary, acknowledging to her that they respected her as a woman, a female member of mankind),
  • why are you crying (for what reason are you weeping, shedding tears, expressing grief, mourning)?"

She says to them that...

  • "They lifted my lord (they took up and carried my master - referring to Jesus)
  • and I did not know and continue not to know (perceive, see) what location they put (placed) him."

After she said these-things to the angels, she turned backwards and attentively views Jesus who stood and continued standing, and Mary did not know that he is Jesus.

Jesus says to her...

  • "Woman, why are you crying (as the angels said in verse 13 above)?
  • Who are you looking for?"

Mary supposing that the man she is looking at is the gardener says to him...

  • "Lord (she addresses him as "Master" recognizing that a gardener would have the relevant power and authority in this situation relating to the maintenance of the garden where this memorial-place was located; the gardener should know what happened in his garden),
  • if emphatically you lifted him up (if you yourself carried the dead body to a different location)
  • it is imperative that you tell me where you placed him
  • and emphatically I will lift him (I myself will take him up and carry his body)."

Jesus says to her, "Mary."

After she turned, Mary says to him in the Hebrew language (spoken as Aramaic)...

  • "Rabboni (an emphatic form of Rabbi)" -
    • which is said as Teacher.

Jesus says to her...

  • "You must not touch me (it is imperative that you are not touching me, in the sense of applying or fastening yourself to me, grasping hold of me as hugging or embracing me - I cannot stay here at the present time)
  • for I did not yet ascend (I still have not gone-up)
    • towards the Father (to be with God Who is in heaven);
  • but you must journey (pass, travel from here)
    • towards my brothers (referring to Jesus' learning-disciples who do the intention of God his Father)
  • and say to them,
    • 'I am ascending towards my Father and your Father (the word "Father" emphasizes a sonship relationship with God, being in God’s family, the family relationship of Father and son),
    • Who emphatically is my God and your God.'"

Mary the Magdalene goes announcing (she comes messaging, reporting, relating) to the learning-disciples (students) that...

  • "I saw the Lord"

...and announcing the things that Jesus said to her.

Mary was the first one to see the resurrected Jesus the Lord and Christ, the son of God, in his new spiritual body.

Jesus said to this woman that her belief of God's Word saved her:

Matthew 9:20-22:
.20And look!, a woman flowing-blood twelve years having come from-behind towards (Jesus) touched the border of his outer-garment .21for she used-to say in herself, "If-ever only I may touch his outer-garment I will be saved." .22But Jesus having been turned and having seen her said, "You must be courageous, daughter, your belief saved2 you." And the woman was saved from that hour.

A woman flowing blood for 12 years (bleeding as during menstruation, hemorrhaging) came from behind towards Jesus and touched the border of his outer-garment.

This woman had continued saying in herself, "If it should ever happen that I would only/alone touch his outer-garment I will be saved (made safe - in this context healed of her bleeding so her life was not in jeopardy)."

But Jesus turned responding to what happened and when he saw her he said...

  • "You must be courageous (warmly-confident),
    • daughter,
  • your belief (faith, trust relative-to God) saved and continues to save you."

And the woman was saved from that hour. When Jesus spoke these words to that woman she was saved immediately.

Jesus called her a "daughter" referring to the truth that she was a descendant of Abraham and therefore eligible to enter into the kingdom of God if she believed what God gave to be believed. Jesus told her to be courageous that God had saved her and will continue to save her – she was healed of the flowing blood and she would enter into God's kingdom.

Another woman who believed God's Word:

Matthew 15:21-28:
.21And having come-out from-there Jesus departed into the parts of Tyre and Sidon; .22and look!, a Canaanite woman having come-out from those boundaries used-to-shout saying, “You must be merciful-towards me, Lord, son of David, my daughter is being badly devilized.” .23But he did not answer a word to her, and his learning-disciples having come-towards him used-to-ask him saying, “You must loosen her because she shouts behind us.” .24But the (one) having answered said, “I was not apostled except into the sheep, the (sheep) having destroyed2 of (the) house of Israel.” .25But the (woman) having come used-to-worship him saying, “Lord, you must come-to-help me.” .26But the (one) having answered said, “It is not a beautiful-thing to take the bread of the children and to throw (it) to the little-dogs.” .27But she said, “Yes, Lord, and the little-dogs eat from the little-bits, the (little-bits) falling from the table of their lords.”
.28Then Jesus having answered said to her, “Oh woman, great (is) your belief; it must be caused-to-become to you as you intend.” And her daughter was healed from that hour.

This woman did not stop in her endeavor of asking Jesus to help her. She let Jesus know that she was not asking to be given the portion that was rightfully set-aside for Israel to take/receive - but she asked to be given some of the rest of what God was making available via Jesus which those outside-of Israel could take/receive at that time if they would also believe what the only true God had said and was now saying via Jesus.

Then in verse 28 Jesus answered by saying to her...

  • “Oh woman, great is your belief (emphatically woman, the faith/trust that you have regarding God, and what He has made known, and the lordship that God has given to me, is large in quantity, big in measurement);
  • it must be caused-to-become to you as you intend (it must happen to/with you in comparison to what you will in this situation).”

And her daughter was healed from that hour (this woman’s daughter was caused to recover immediately from her illness of being devilized). This woman received what was made available to her at that time by God via Jesus and so her daughter was healed.

Jesus talked with the woman at the well about true worship:

John 4:19-24:
.19The woman says to him, "Lord, I view-with-attention that you are a prophet. .20Our fathers in this mountain worshipped - and you say that in Jerusalem is the place where it is necessary to worship." .21Jesus says to her, "You must believe me, woman, that (the) hour comes when neither in this mountain nor in Jerusalem you will worship the Father. .22You worship that-which you did not know2 - we worship that-which we knew2 because the salvation is out-from the Judeans - .23but (the) hour comes and now is when the true worshippers will worship the Father in spirit and truth, for even the Father seeks-after the people-of-this-kind worshipping Him. .24God (is) Spirit, and it is necessary (for) the (people) worshipping Him to worship in spirit and truth."

In verse 23 Jesus told this woman...

  • "...the hour is in the process of coming and now the hour exists when the true worshippers (the people who pay homage, who are obeisant - having the quality and essence of trueness - genuine worshippers)
    • at a future time will worship the Father (they will pay homage to the Father, they will be obeisant towards God Who will be their Father at that time)
      • in spirit and truth (within the sphere of action, character and attributes of spirit and truth - everything involved with/by the spirit itself and what it communicates, which has the quality of truth),
  • for even
    • the Father looks for the people of this sort (such people) who are worshipping Him.
  • God is Spirit (God Himself has the consistency of spirit, His essence and realm of power, authority, and action is spirit),
    • and it is necessary for people (it is binding, people must, ought, it is an obligation for people)
    • who are worshipping Him (God)
    • to worship in spirit and truth."

Women who prophesied:

Acts 21:8 and 9:
.8But on the morrow having gone-out we went into Caesarea, and having gone into the house of Philip, the good-messager being from the seven-people, we remained with him, .9and to this-person were four virgin daughters (who were) prophesying.

After the Apostle Paul and those with him went southward into Caesarea, they went into Philip's home and stayed with him. Philip was the good-messager (a holy-person who spoke the good message, the gospel - he was an evangelist).

Philip had four unmarried daughters still living in his house at that time. While Paul and those with him were staying at Philip’s house, these four daughters were prophesying - they spoke by means of their holy spirit-life to the people gathered together with them at that time.

Paul teaches the women regarding how to behave during church gatherings:

I Corinthians 14:34 and 35:
.34The women in the churches must be silent for it is not permitted to them to utter-forth but they must subject-themselves according as also the law says, .35but if they intend to learn something they must ask (their) own adult-males in (the) house, for (it is) shameful for a woman to utter-forth in (the) church.

In this section, Paul continues writing about spiritual-things, and he includes a few words regarding an issue which had arisen in the Corinthian church involving the women who would also attend these meetings – whether they were the wives of those who prophesy or who spoke with a tongue and interpreted that tongue during the church meetings, or their daughters, or their mothers, or under their guardianship for whatever reason.

The women in the churches (not only in Corinth) must be silent (hush! – stop speaking out-loud). Why? In truth…

  • it is not permitted to them (not allowed for them, permission is not given when it is not their turn)
    • to utter-forth (to speak at the same time as their adult-males who are speaking for the edification of the church),
  • but contrary to speaking out of turn,
  • the women must subject themselves (it is imperative that the women are presently causing or making themselves to be in subjection, to be arranged under the legal authority of their own husband or father or grown-up son or guardian)
    • according as also the law says (even the law of Moses stipulates that the women of the men who are doing God’s will should not usurp the authority of their adult-male).

But if the women intend (if they will with active volition and desire, whether a wife, daughter, or legally being taken-care of by an adult-male) to learn something regarding what is spoken during the meeting which they do not comprehend…

  • they must ask their own adult-males (whether he is the husband, father, or legal guardian)
    • for information about this matter when they go home (where they can be familiar with each other as the verb "ask" indicates, inquiring for him to explain a certain topic – but not to interrupt their own adult-males while they are speaking God's words during the meeting, nor asking everybody else's opinion on the subject!)
  • – why? –
  • in truth, it is shameful (in the sense of being indecent, ugly and deformed)
    • for a woman to utter-forth in the church (to speak during that assembly interrupting him while he is speaking).

It is important to note that Paul has written in his letter of First Corinthians that women utter-forth (speak) with tongues and they give the interpretation, and that they also prophesy in these meetings, and if the woman receives revelation from God to speak, then she must prophesy in-turn as instructed by God.

Therefore Paul could not be telling every woman in the entire body of Christ not to ever speak a word during any church gathering, for that would not be accurate because women receive the same gift of holy spirit from God by means of the Lord Jesus Christ as men do; there is not a male and female within any holy-person for it is holy spirit.

All holy-people (Christians) have the same holy spirit-life within us and all of us should behave ourselves according to God's will.

Paul shows the relationship between Christ and the church - and - husband and wife:

Ephesians 5:21-24:
.21subjecting-yourselves to one-another in fear of Christ: .22wives, to (your) own husbands as to the Lord .23because (the) husband is head of the wife as also Christ (is) head of the church, himself (being the) savior of the body, .24but as the church is subject to Christ thus also the wives to the husbands in everything;

Paul teaches the holy-people how all of them ought to behave by the freedom of their will during the everyday living of their lives:

  • subjecting yourselves to/with one-another (cause yourselves to be in submission, to be arranged in the position of being underneath one-another)
    • in fear of Christ (the fear that is due him).

Each one of us has the spirit of Christ in us, and therefore we ought to subject ourselves to one-another in fear of Christ. This refers to being afraid at the consequences of the performance of any wrong behavior. We should manifest the awe and respect that is rightfully due and ought to be shown towards the Lord Jesus Christ, whom God has placed at His right-hand side, the position of authority, second in command to God Himself.

Paul continues by explaining exactly what "subjecting-yourselves to one-another in fear of Christ" means in application for holy-people :

The wives (women - translated "wives" depending on the context)…

  • you are to subject yourselves
  • to your own husbands (adult-males, grown-men - translated "husbands" depending on the context; not other people's husbands)
  • in comparison to how you are to subject yourselves
  • to the Lord Jesus Christ.


  • Because of the truth that the husband is head of his wife
  • as also the Christ is head (‘head’ figuratively refers to his being the chief or principal part) of the church,
    • which is Christ's body.

Christ is head of the church, himself being the savior of the body. Christ is the one who accomplished salvation of/for his body which is the church - he is the body's savior.

  • But as the church is subject to Christ (made or caused to be in subjection to Christ, arranged in the position of being under Christ's authority),
  • it is in this manner also that the wives are subject to their husbands in all, everything.

Again, what is the comparison? As the church is subject to Christ thus also the wives to the husbands in everything – this is the arrangement.

However, it is by freedom of will that the husbands and the wives decide to behave themselves within this arrangement, as it is by freedom of will that Christ decides to behave himself in accordance with God's will.

It is by freedom of our will that we (all of us holy-people being the church) decide to behave ourselves in accordance with God's will within this arrangement. Paul continues regarding this topic of subjecting ourselves to one-another in the fear of Christ in Ephesians 5:22-6:9. Also refer to I Peter 3:1-6.

Paul describes how women ought to behave themselves:

I Timothy 2:9-15:
.9Likewise women to orderly-arrange themselves in an orderly-arranged array with reservedness and sound-thinking, not in weaved-hairs and gold or pearls or much-priced clothing .10but that-which becomes women promising Godliness by means of good works. .11A woman must learn in quietness in all subjection .12but I do not permit a woman to teach neither to self-impose (her) adult-male but to be in quietness, .13for Adam first was molded, then Eve, .14and Adam was not deceived, but the woman having been wholly-deceived became2 in a stepping-aside .15but she will be saved by means of the childbearing if-ever they may remain in belief and love1 and holiness with sound-thinking.

As we read these verses, we should realize that a woman refers to one who may be single, or a wife, or a mother, or a daughter, or under the guardianship of an adult-male for whatever reason.

In a similar manner to the way that men should behave themselves - women should orderly arrange themselves…

  • in an orderly-arranged array (referring to the whole outfit of behavior, demeanor, composure; in an array that is orderly and arranged, ornamented, adorned)
  • with…
    • reservedness (the state of not doing that-which would bring shame)
    • and sound-thinking (thoughts in your mind that are sound, safe in God’s viewpoint, with prudence, thoughts in alignment with your salvation),
  • not in
    • weaved-hairs (plaited, braided hairs, intertwined with various things, referring to the styles of prostitutes at that time in that culture)
    • and gold (valuable jewelry, perhaps gold coins used as decoration)
    • or pearls (which are beautiful and costly)
    • or much-priced clothing (any kind of outer garment that is extremely costly, very expensive to show-off some ‘authority’ or ‘position’ you think you have relative-to others, any stately clothing attempting to outdo, best, outshine, show superiority in the ‘social status’ category)
  • but on the contrary, that-which becomes (distinguishes, is suitable, proper)
  • for/to/with women promising Godliness (women who by their everyday behavior are proclaiming, declaring the message of their own intention of being reverentially respectful towards God)
    • by means of good works (through deeds that issue from God Who is good, expending their energy in accordance with what is perfectly admirable from God’s viewpoint).

It may be interesting to realize that this is the only place in Paul’s writings that he uses the Greek word Theosebeia translated “Godliness”.

Paul continues specifically regarding the relationship between a woman (who may be single, or a wife, or a mother, or a daughter, or under the guardianship of an adult-male for whatever reason) and her adult-male (her grown man who may be her husband, or father, or grown-up son, her guardian).

  • A woman must learn in quietness in all subjection (she must become informed intellectually as a student in the state of being undisturbed from inside, tranquil from within and therefore causing no agitation or disturbance around her, in all/every submission, arranging herself underneath in subordination while she is learning - yes - women should become educated, learn as the men learn behaving themselves correctly towards those who teach them, not making a big scene and disturbing any other student)
    • but I do not permit a woman to teach neither to self-impose her adult-male (I do not allow her, I do not give her permission, I do not commit her the charge or guardianship to instruct; when a woman is learning she should not be teaching since she would not then be ‘in quietness’; and not to act on her own authority, to place herself as the one who authenticates what she does, the authority, taking the position and role of her man, as though everything was authored-by or originated-from a woman as a female goddess in the first place, since she would not then be ‘in all subjection’)
    • but contrary to that kind of behavior, to be in quietness (in the state of being undisturbed from inside, tranquil from within and therefore causing no agitation or disturbance around her; a repetition by Paul of this word “quietness” gives great emphasis because if the woman is learning in all subjection she will be in quietness - this does not mean that she should not speak, but that she should behave appropriately),
  • in truth, Adam first was molded (the man was formed from clay first time-wise; the verb “to mold” is used because God formed the man from clay, the earth, as a potter makes his earthenware vessels),
  • then Eve (she was molded afterwards),
  • and Adam was not deceived (the first man was not caused to be deluded, not beguiled by satan nor by the woman),
  • but the woman having been wholly-deceived became and continues to be in a stepping-aside (the woman, after she was caused to be fully-deluded, thoroughly-beguiled with false/lying statements given to her by satan/serpent and not by her man, became within the sphere of transgression, the action of going beside and thus against what God had spoken to Adam before the woman was molded, and this fact and truth has not changed)
  • but she will be saved by means of the childbearing if-ever they may remain in
    • (specifically the first woman will be made safe by God from being in transgression through her giving birth to the child from whom the promised seed, the Messiah/Christ would be born who would make redemption available for all of mankind, if it should ever happen that they, Adam and the woman, stayed living within
      • [since the day of Pentecost recorded in Acts chapter 2, women who believe what God says will be saved by God from being in transgression by means of the birth of the child, the Christ, who makes redemption available, whether or not a woman today would give birth to a child during her lifetime, if-ever men and women would remain in])
  • belief (faith, what God told them to believe, to have faith-in, to trust)
  • and love1 (God's kind of love)
  • and holiness (sanctification)
  • with sound-thinking (in company and association with thoughts in their mind that are sound, safe in God’s viewpoint, with prudence, thoughts in alignment with salvation; as verse 9 above).

The same is true today for men and women who are holy-people regarding the walk (behavior) category. All men and woman - having the spirit of Christ within us and thus are holy-people (Christians) - are already saved to God from the power of satan. All holy-people will receive spiritual bodies when Christ comes to gather us all together with him. However, in the walk (behavior) category it is up to the freedom of our will to behave as God asks us to behave, just the same as God asked Adam and Eve to behave according to His will for their lives. Behavior affects both men and women as it relates to their health and prosperity, being sound during the living of everyday life (also refer to III John 1:2-4).

Paul is showing the relationship between the man and his woman, and why the woman should behave in such a manner. He is not teaching here about Adam’s stepping-aside, his transgression (refer to Romans 5:14-21). Also, if we look closely at Genesis chapters 1-3 we see that the woman was not given the name “Eve” until Adam believed what God said regarding the coming Messiah, the Christ in Genesis 3:15, and then he named her Eve, the mother of all living in Genesis 3:20.

Jezabel is an example of a woman who rejected the truth of God's Word:

Revelation 2:20-23:
.20But I have against you that you leave the woman Jezabel, the (woman) saying herself (to be) a prophetess, and she teaches and she causes my slaves to-wander, to fornicate, and to eat idol-sacrifices - .21and I gave to her time in order that she may repent and she does not intend to repent out-from her fornication. .22Look!, I throw her into bed and the (people) committing-adultery with her into great pressure except they may repent out-from her works, .23and I will kill her children in death. And all the churches will know that I am the (one) searching kidneys and hearts and I will give to you each according to your works.

In this passage John continues writing the words from the Lord Jesus Christ...

  • I  have against you that you leave the woman Jezabel (during the old covenant times Jezabel/Jezebel became wife to Ahab the king of Israel; you leave her - in the sense that you let it go from your concern as to what she does, you dismiss her and thereby permit her to do what she wants to do),
    • the woman saying that she herself is a prophetess (a female prophet - she is claiming that she is a holy-person who speaks-forth God's words being revealed to her concerning the past, present and/or future to, before, in front of a person or people),
    • and she teaches (instructs others with her doctrine)
    • and she causes my slaves (my bond-servants in the service category who are emphatically mine)
      • to wander (she causes them to err, not to stay in their rightful place, leading them astray from their correct location in the service category and consequently in their walk/behavior),
      • to fornicate (commit pornographic actions, wrongful sexual activities/relations as part of the idol-worship),
      • and to eat idol-sacrifices (sacrifices which are offered to idols are in direct contradiction to that-which God has given mankind to believe regarding Himself and His son, the Lord Jesus Christ - offering sacrifices to idols is a rejection of the Christ) -
  • and I gave to her chronological time for the purpose and result that she would repent (change her mind after rethinking, having afterthought regarding the truth of God’s words spoken to/for her)
    • and she does not intend (does not will, she has no volition and desire) to repent out-from her fornication.
  • Look (behold, see, pay attention)!,
    • I throw (cast) her
      • into bed (into a lying-down position unable to get up and move around - this is not referring to a bed so as to commit fornication or adultery but to a bed of receiving judgment from which she will not be able to escape)
    • and the people committing adultery with her (which is the voluntary action of debasing themselves with/by her and she is contaminating or defiling from God's viewpoint)
      • into great pressure (a large amount of compression or stress which afflicts, whatever may squeeze them whether it be physical or mental or spiritual)
    • except they may repent (change their minds)
      • out-from her works (from working the deeds that she instructed them to perform),
    • and I will kill her children (I will actively put an end to their lives, cause their lives to be away-from them - the word “children” literally would refer to those who were born to/from/by her, to whom she gave birth; but it is used figuratively as a term for the people to whom she taught her doctrine and they performed what she instructed)
      • in death (within death, the state of being dead - the second death; refer to Revelation 20:14).
  • And all the churches will know (every one of the assemblies of people will personally know)
    • that emphatically I am the one who is searching (tracking or tracing)
      • kidneys (figuratively referring to the seat of the inner purposes, desires, and passions of people which influence or guide their actions)
      • and hearts (figuratively referring to the center or core of people's beings, the seat of their whole personal selves and living)
  • and I will give to you each (individually, particularly, singly, distinctly)
    • according to your works.

Women who were ministers and workers in the church:

Romans 16:1 and 2:
16:1But I commend to you Phebe your sister being also a minister of the church, the (church) in Cenchrea, .2in order that you may accept her towards-yourselves in (the) Lord worthily of the holy-people and you may stand-beside her in what-ever matter she may have need of you, for she also was caused-to-become a patroness both of many other-people and of me myself.

Paul writes: I commend Phebe to you (in the sense of favorably introducing her to you)...

  • your sister (she is your sister in the spirit category because she has received the same gift of holy spirit as all of you who are also holy-people)
  • who is also being a minister (one who serves to benefit others, not 'being-subject' to them but doing work to bring others profit, one who carries-out her day-by-day ministerial duties, her duties of service to/for God)
  • pertaining to the church,
    • emphatically and specifically the church located in Cenchrea (a port/harbor at the eastern side of Corinth),

...for the purpose and result that...

  • you would accept her towards yourselves (welcome her, receive her, willingly take her to yourselves)
    • within the cause and sphere of action of the Lord (emphasis is being placed on the truth that the Lord Jesus Christ is the Master)
      • worthily of the holy-people (in a manner that is of equal-value with Christians, as being correctly weighed on a scales and thus deserving)
  • and you would stand near-by her (present yourselves beside her in the sense of being supportive of her)
    • in what ever matter (during any performance, action, practice, business, fact, deed, event)
      • she would have need of you (have a necessity for your useful help), truth, emphatically she also came to pass to be (she became)...

  • a patroness (one who protects, helps, and supports others)
    • both of many other-people
    • and emphatically of me (of Paul himself).

In verses 3-5 Paul continues by referring to Prisca who was the wife of Aquila:

Verses 3-5a:
.3You must greet Prisca and Aquila - workers-together with me in Christ Jesus, .4the-people-who put the neck of themselves under(-risk) on behalf of my soul, to whom not only I thank but also all the churches of the Gentiles - .5and the church according to their house.

You must greet Prisca and Aquila (salute them, draw this wife and husband to yourselves), who are...

  • joint-workers with me (they expend their energy in conjunction with me, my coworkers)
    • in Christ Jesus (within the cause and sphere of action, character, and attributes of Christ Jesus),
  • the people who put the neck of themselves under risk (they put themselves in danger of execution)
    • in the interests of my physical life (so that I can continue living my everyday life in the natural realm as evidenced by my breathing, to keep me from being killed by those who oppose me),
  • to whom not only emphatically I thank (not alone am I myself grateful to them)
    • but also all the churches of the Gentiles (every one of the assemblies of holy-people, who are of the Gentile background, are thankful to them) -

...and also greet the church of holy-people who gather together in their house periodically (to learn God's Word, pray, etc).

In verse 6 Paul refers to another woman:

Verse 6:
.6You must greet Mary, she-who labored many-things into you.

You must greet  (salute) Mary...

  • specifically she is the woman who labored (she exerted wearisome effort, she toiled)
    • many things directed to (with a view to/for) you.

In verse 12 Paul refers to more women:

Verse 12:
.12You must greet Tryphena and Tryphosa, the (people) laboring in (the) Lord. You must greet Persis, the loved-person1, she-who labored many-things in (the) Lord.

You must greet Tryphena and Tryphosa (2 women), who are...

  • the holy-people laboring (exerting wearisome effort)
    • in the Lord.

You must greet Persis (a woman), who is...

  • the loved-person (with God's kind of love),
    • specifically she is the woman who labored many things 
      • in the Lord.

Paul instructs Timothy how to behave himself within the church with respect to elder women and younger women:

I Timothy 5:1 and 2:
5:1Let you not be quick-to-stroke-upon an elder but you must encourage (him) as a father, younger-men as brothers, .2elder-women as mothers, younger-women as sisters, in all purity.

An “elder” man or woman in this context is referring to those who are older in age than Timothy. Older men and women should have knowledge, wisdom, dignity, etc, relative to God and the things of God. They should be elders in service to/for God and the Lord Jesus Christ. Paul instructs Timothy how to approach them if/when the need arises.

In verse 2 Paul writes:

  • you must encourage (exhort) the elder women as mothers,
  • you must encourage the younger women as sisters,
    • in all purity (within the sphere of action of all/every pureness, within a pure state, not being contaminated from God's viewpoint by any bad-thing that may be near-by in the physical flesh category as you move among people; continue in the state of being pure while you are doing this).

Encourage them as though they were members of your own immediate biological family, not being detached from them as though they were strangers.

Verse 3:
.3You must honor widows, the (widows) really-being widows;

In verse 3 Paul writes that it is imperative that you honor widows, specifically the women who truly are continuing being widows (esteem them according to their holding-worth, estimate value or price to them).

Further details about widows and how they should behave and how they should be treated by others in the church is provided in I Timothy Chapter 5.

Additional Information:

  • Adam and Eve
  • The Book of Ruth gives the link in the genealogy of King David and of Christ who is called "the son of David" (refer to Matthew 1:1-16, Romans 1:3, and II Timothy 2:8). Ruth was a Gentile (not of the Judean/Israeli descent) and married an Hebrew husband (of the Judean/Israeli descent). The Book of Ruth also shows the type (pattern) of the coming Christ who would be the kinsman-redeemer to God's people of any descent or background. Refer to the article of the Summary of Ruth
  • Women in reference to marriage, widows, and behavior - refer to I Corinthians Chapters 7 and 11.
  • Women in the figurative sense - refer to Revelation Chapters 12, 17, 19, and 21.